2008-2009 SPE Distinguished Lecturers' Slides/Graphics
Drilling and Completions
Drilling dynamics models play an important role in drilling performance optimization. These models can be classified as engineering tools or research tools, depending on functionality. Case studies from disparate drilling applications around the world have demonstrated that performance can be improved by applying lessons learned from advanced dynamics models.
Mark Dykstra is a Senior Staff Well Engineer for Shell International Exploration and Production in Houston, Texas. His current focus is Drilling Efficiency Optimization. Former positions include Director of Research and Director of Product Development for Hughes Christensen, focusing on rolling and fixed cutter drilling products and including tricone bits, polycrystalline diamond compact bits, natural diamond bits, impregnated bits, eccentric reamers, expandable reamers, and casing drilling bits. Dykstra earned BS, MS, and PhD degrees in petroleum engineering from the University of Tulsa.
This lecture presents and discusses the chemistry of acid additives, the damage that may be caused by wrong choice acid additives, the formulation of acids, certain mineralogy concerns, and the tests required to ensure the quality of the acid pumped. Pumping nondamaging acids has applicability not only to Canadian oil and gas wells, but to all producing fields worldwide.
Malcolm Knopp is Senior Acidizing Specialist with BJ Services Company Canada. He earned a BS degree in chemistry from the University of East Anglia at Norwich, England, and has been a part-time instructor at the Canadian Petroleum Institute.
Alternative isolation techniques have been introduced for either complementing or even suppressing the need for well cementing. Tailored cements range from basic to highly technical ones to fit almost any well requirement. The versatility and adaptability of these cement based solutions to fit well “cementing” needs make it a key element in today’s well architecture, as wells can be designed differently taking into consideration the properties of these new cementing materials.
Bernard Piot is a Technical Adviser and Cementing Project Manager in the Schlumberger Riboud Product Center. He works on short-term engineering projects aimed at extending the scope and widening the applications of current commercial well cementing technology. Piot earned an engineering degree in chemistry from Ecole Européenne de Chimie Polymères et Matériaux de Strasbourg.
This presentation discusses a stepwise approach to evaluating the potential for fines production, ways to address the issue; and appraise the overall impact on the life cycle and operating costs of the well. Several case histories are presented to illustrate how it is possible to address problems related to the movement of formation fines.
David Underdown is a Senior Adviser for Chevron Energy Technology. He earned a PhD degree in physical chemistry from the University of Houston. Underdown is current Chairperson of the API Task Force on Perforating.
Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility
As there is a global imperative to reduce CO2 emissions, this opportunity is also available to other countries with significant coal-fired electricity generation and an indigenous oil industry. This lecture includes policy background, plans by utility companies, sources and sinks for CO2, the EOR opportunity, infrastructure requirements, and engineering challenges.
David S. Hughes is Technical Head Carbon Storage for Senergy. He is a reservoir engineer with 27 years of experience. Hughes edits the online periodical Improved Oil Recovery Views. He earned a BS degree in physics from the University of Surrey.
This lecture describes many produced water management options using the concept of a 3-tiered water management/pollution prevention hierarchy: minimize water production, recycle or reuse, and treat and dispose. This lecture offers guidance on the factors that should be considered by company managers to select the management options that are most appropriate for a particular site.
John Veil is Manager of the Water Policy Program for Argonne National Laboratory. He earned a BA degree in earth and planetary science from Johns Hopkins University, an MS degree in zoology from the University of Maryland, and an MS degree in civil engineering from the University of Maryland. Veil served as a faculty member of the Department of Zoology at the University of Maryland. He is the lead author of the 2004 “White Paper Describing Produced Water from Production of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Coal Bed Methane.”
Management and Information
How the business risks/issues of CO2 enhanced oil recovery (EOR) project are handled can make or break a project. Understanding such risks and the measures businesses must take to quantify and minimize them will go a long way to ensure a project is both a technical and an economic success.
Ken R. Brown is Manager of the Carbon and Energy Management Group at the Alberta Research Council. He is a professional engineer with 36 years of experience in reservoir engineering, project management, production engineering, operations engineering, facilities engineering, environmental engineering, and all aspects of technical management of large multi-disciplinary teams.
This lecture focuses on the importance and value of well-defined collaborative multidisciplinary, multicultural, and integrated studies executed seamlessly over the entire upstream business units of a typical oil and gas company. It is not only essential for running a successful petroleum business enterprise, but also necessary for its long-term survival.
Yasin Senturk is a Principal Professional of Petroleum En gineering and Development for Saudi Aramco. He earned a BS degree in petroleum engineering from Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, an MS degree in petroleum engineering and an ME degree in industrial engineering both from the University of Alberta, and an MS degree in economics from the University of Oklahoma. Senturk advises Saudi Aramco Management and the Petroleum Ministry in his areas of expertise.
Production and Operations
This presentation discusses how to avoid pitfalls in assessing artificial lift run-life performance based on concrete examples to help operators and service companies better understand the issues and be in a better position to select the best run-life measures for their particular situation in both onshore and offshore applications.
Francisco Alhanati is Director E&P at C-FER Technologies. He earned a BS degree in civil engineering from Instituto Militar de Engenharia, an MS degree in mechanical engineering from the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, and a PhD degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Tulsa.
This lecture presents several field cases of the injectivity damage mitigation and consequent well and water management strategies: water treatment for seawater flooding and produced water re-injection, disposal of produced water in aquifers, waterflood design accounting for injectivity impairment for new fields, raw-water injection, subsurface separation, injectivity with heavy oils and low consolidated sands, applications of horizontal, perforated, gravel-packed and fractured wells.
Pavel Bedrikovetsky is chairperson–petroleum at Adelaide University. He holds an MS degree in applied mathematics, a PhD degree in fluid mechanics, and a DS degree in reservoir engineering from Moscow Oil–Gas Gubkin University.
Hydraulic fracturing has been described as one of the three most significant technologies to be developed in the upstream oil and gas industry in the last 50 years. The successful application of hydraulic fracturing to mature oil and gas reservoirs is about recognizing that there is a wide range of appropriate solutions available. A number of case histories are used to illustrate the effectiveness of these techniques, when they are systematically applied.
Anthony Martin is Business Development Manager for International
Stimulation. He teaches fracturing, acidizing, and sand control, both in-house
and externally, to customers. Martin is author of BJ Services’ Hydraulic
Fracturing Manual. He graduated from Imperial College, London, with an
degree in mechanical engineering and an MS degree in petroleum engineering.
In Colombia’s Cusiana and Cupiaga fields, initial well rates were disappointing, mostly because of a combination of difficult perforating conditions and significant drilling induced damage. A team was formed to determine if and how BP could fracture stimulate in the most effective manner possible. This team proposed a number of solutions for both the fields that were subsequently implemented. Issues that were addressed included coping with well deviation/azimuth, rigorous prefrac wellbore preparation, novel fracstring deployment, fracturing and an efficient remedial stacking of fracs.
Martin Rylance is a Senior Petroleum Engineer and Engineering Adviser for BP Exploration. He earned a BS degree in pure mathematics from the University of Salford. Rylance is also a fellow of the Institute of Mathematics in London.
Reservoir Description and Dynamics
There is great confusion over the implementation of cutoffs in industry because of the absence of clear-cut agreed-upon values among geologists, production, and reservoir simulation engineers. Cutoffs are limiting values for petrophysical properties aiming to define productive zones across the reservoir for development.
A.A. Al-Hamadah is Supervisor of the Gas Area Studies Unit in the Reservoir Simulation Division, Reservoir Description and Simulation Department for Saudi Aramco. He earned a BS degree from King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals and MS and PhD degrees from the University of Texas at Austin, all in petroleum engineering.
As the geological and geophysical modeling work of the explorationists matures, and the subsurface picture becomes clearer, well systems design optimization is being achieved by well engineers using mechanical earth-model technology. This lecture introduces acoustics-based rock mechanics concepts, describes Chevron’s acoustics-based rock property prediction technique, and presents field application case histories for selected business units worldwide, including deepwater Gulf of Mexico, North Sea, offshore West Africa, and Asia.
Harvey E. Goodman is a staff research consultant for Chevron’s Energy Technology Company. He was appointed Chevron Fellow in October 2007. Goodman is an adjunct professor at the University of Missouri–Rolla (UMR). He was awarded an honorary professional degree in petroleum engineering by UMR, where he also earned BS and MS degrees in geological engineering.
This lecture on how a major operator has used pressure-transient analysis (PTA) over the past 20 years, particularly in expensive, deepwater developments, will enable petroleum engineers to make better choices about how they should appraise and survey their own oil and gas reservoirs.
Robert H. Hite is Principal Technical Expert and a Reservoir Engineering Adviser for Shell. He consults on PTA for Shell’s worldwide operations and is the primary reservoir engineering instructor for Shell’s well-testing classes. Hite earned a BS degree in chemical engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology and a PhD degree in chemical engineering from Rice University.
Kutubu is Papua New Guinea’s largest oil field. It came on line in 1992 and
achieved peak rates in 1993 before decline began in 1994. A follow up
development campaign, along with other projects, has for 4 years completely halted the production decline. The field now appears to have a considerable remaining life of up to 2 decades. This lecture’s main conclusion is that we regularly need to go back to basics and establish whether or not our fundamental assumptions are supported by solid evidence.
Neil Williams is currently in charge of the reservoir engineering, geoscience, planning, and development of the Kutubu field for Oil Search. He earned a BS degree from Sydney University in applied mathematics, and a PhD degree in fluid mechanics from the University of New South Wales.