New Delhi is the capital city of India. As the national capital, New Delhi is the seat of executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India. New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and is one of the nine districts of Delhi Union Territory.
The foundation of the city was laid on 15 December 1911. It was planned by two leading 20th century British architects namely Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital was christened "New Delhi" in 1927, and subsequently inaugurated on 13 February 1931 by British India's Viceroy Lord Irwin. On 12 December 2011, New Delhi celebrated 100 years of Capitalship, making it another landmark year in the long history of the historic capital of the region of Delhi. New Delhi is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Humayun's Tomb and the Qutub complex. There are areas like Old Delhi and Mehrauli in New Delhi which have a number of heritage structures.
New Delhi is known as the microcosm of India and is one of the world’s top global cities. The metropolis of Delhi is the 2nd most populous in India with a total population nearing 17 million residents. The World Cities Study Group at Loughborough University rated New Delhi as an "alpha- world city". In 2011, Knight Frank's world city survey ranked it 37th globally.
The climate of New Delhi is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with high variation between summer and winter, in terms of both temperatures and rainfall. The temperature varies from 46 °C (115 °F) in summers to around 0 °C (32 °F) in winters. The area's version of a humid subtropical climate is noticeably different from many other cities with this climate classification in that it features long and very hot summers, relatively dry and cool winters, a monsoonal period, and dust storms. Summers are long, from early April to October, with the monsoon season in between. Winter starts in November and peaks in January. The annual mean temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F); monthly daily mean temperatures range from approximately 14 to 34 °C (57 to 93 °F). The average annual rainfall is 714 millimeters (28.1 in), most of which is during the monsoons in July and August.
New Delhi is five and a half (5.3) hours ahead of GMT (GMT+5.3)
The official currency used in India is the Indian Rupee. The approximate rate of exchange is:
One USD = 55.00 INR as on 30th July 2012, subject to change.
New Delhi is a confluence of people from various parts of India. Hindi is the state and city official language used by state government agencies, municipal authorities and the local police. English is widely used in the corporate world and in banking and trading.