Chairs: Denise Tuck, Halliburton Energy Services; JoAnn McMahon, Baker Hughes
Good science is described as a system of knowledge that covers the operation of general laws obtained through valid scientific methodologies. However, now there is an abundance of literature available in the public domain concerning the potential effect of oil and gas development on health, safety, and the environment. Therefore, it is often difficult to distinguish between studies that apply good science versus findings that do not pass the scrutiny of scientific examination. This session reviews recently published information on the impact of natural gas production, the importance of an unbiased approach to experimental design, and the need for critical thinking on interpretation of empirical data.
Chairs: Miranda Cruttenden, Talisman Energy; Tekla Taylor, Golder Associates
Strategies around water sourcing for hydraulic fracturing operations can vary depending on a number of factors. Factors include the location of the operations, characteristics of the play, availability of resources, emerging technologies, stakeholder concerns, regulatory framework, and corporate water management objectives. In particular, the use of freshwater for hydraulic fracturing has become an issue in areas where supplies may be limited or at risk, leading to the implementation of innovative water management solutions. This session will present some of the approaches taken by operators to reduce freshwater use and economically manage water source operations.
Chairs: George King, Apache Corporation; Matt Mantell, Chesapeake Energy
Discussion in this session will include methods of monitoring and enhancing fracture stimulation to help optimize fracture performance while actively reducing fracturing fluid volume and chemical.
Chairs: Donnie Graves, Schlumberger; Bridget Todd, Baker Hughes
Emphasis has been placed on the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing within the US. This emphasis has spread globally and, as such, it affects which chemicals come to market. This session will explore the use of tools to screen products, the effects of regulations on taking a product into the market, and how much influence international regulations have on the use of products in the US market.
Chairs: Nathan Kunert, Devon Energy; Kay Cawiezel, BP America
Dynamic water management tools and models can both optimize operations for the entire water lifecycle process and reduce the environmental footprint. Variables including sourcing, treatment, storage, conveyance, transportation, and disposal must be analyzed holistically and in the context of dynamic regulatory requirements and increasing stakeholder concerns.
Chairs: Demarco Jones, XTO Energy; Scott Anderson, Environmental Defense Fund
Protecting the environment during subsurface operations begins with sound wellbore construction and awareness of potential impacts to the surrounding area. In order to achieve subsurface operations excellence, understanding environmental risk is key. This session will provide an overall review of well integrity and focus in particular on the importance of cementing, the effects of well interference, and the phenomenon of “frac hits.”
Chairs: Danny Durham, Apache Corporation; Michael Hurey, Cabot Oil and Gas Corporation
Air emissions from unconventional resource development have been drawing increased attention by many concerned parties including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the states, industry, and the public. EPA regulations are being implemented to quantify the emissions from shale operations and control the emissions of pollutants and contaminants. Industry is taking action to minimize emissions while the public is concerned with potential health effects.
Chairs: Grant Farion, Trican Well Service; Pete Eichelberger, Shell
In recent years the proliferation of natural gas development in North America has been followed by increased awareness from the media, land owners, environmental groups, and the general public. As public awareness has increased, the gap between the perceived steps and the actual steps involved in natural gas development has also widened leading to an increased need for public education and outreach. This session will focus on what has been done, and the risks associated with public outreach and education.