In the last decade, the “shale gas” revolution has led to a shift change in the North American natural gas industry. U.S. production has increased to the point that imports from Canada have declined, exports to Mexico have increased, and U.S. domestic gas supplies are considered secure for decades. At the same time, international events such as the tsunami offshore Japan, rapid growth in the developing world, and use of gas supply as a “threat” by Russia, have led to increased demand and gas prices in Asia and Europe. It is expected that the global LNG market will double over the next decade, and North American gas supplies are poised to supply part of that expansion. Numerous LNG export projects have been proposed in the U.S. and Canada. This workshop will explore this emerging LNG potential for North American gas supplies from wellhead to burner tip, taking into consideration world-wide lessons learned. In this opening session, the global LNG market will be summarized and the emergence of British Columbia (BC) as an export site will be introduced.
British Columbia has all the ingredients to be a global LNG Player: abundant resources, stable regulatory and fiscal regime, an educated workforce and nearby markets. This session will explore these strengths from the perspectives of government, industry and resource experts. Presentations will highlight positive aspects of British Columbia’s emerging LNG opportunity and also look at the work to meet the challenges involved.
Companies considering making a large LNG infrastructure investment strive for an understanding of the regulatory framework, First Nations rights and interests, and what constitutes ‘Social License’. These are essential factors in decision making in major projects in addition to transmission pipelines and LNG export facilities. This session focuses on key issues within four themes: (1) Regulatory, (2) Environment, (3) First Nations, and (4) Stakeholder factors. The session will provide an opportunity for workshop participants to discuss potential unique challenges for Western North American LNG projects.
Session panelists will present issues within the four themes; the thought, discussion, debate of these issues is intended to inform participants of the relevance of these factors as projects move from concept to FEED and ultimately to FID.
Central to the success of any LNG project is a supply of processed gas delivered on schedule and in contracted quantities to the required gathering system. This places large demands on upstream operators. Apart from access to prolific gas-bearing formations, meeting these project deliverables will likely require that operators drill hundreds of wells and complete thousands of frac jobs a year. It also requires that operators have access to enough capital to finance years of negative cash flow while projects are ramping up to contracted capacity. Given these massive commitments, many upstream companies will choose to enter into joint venture agreements. These companies must be able to successfully manage the complexities of partnerships, - often with international investors. Working with local communities to manage the ramp up in activity, infrastructure needs, impacts on community services and supply / training of local workforce will be paramount to success. This session will feature discussions from a variety of operators as to how they are building a secure gas supply for the LNG export contracts that are expected to come.
Western Canada is blessed with an abundance of economically-producible and reliable natural gas reserves. The advancement of drilling and completion technologies have helped unlock this vast resource, but technical challenges remain to economically process the gas and transport the gas to liquefaction facilities. The presenters will discuss how their respective companies and industry are addressing these challenges.
With the growth of LNG as a viable worldwide fuel source, LNG plants are planned for various locations around the world, in locations with diverse geographic, climate, political, labor, and infrastructure conditions, including in some cases offshore (Floating LNG). This session will examine the strategic analysis and efforts required to make LNG site choices and LNG Plant construction decisions.
The success of an LNG Industry in BC requires the safe and efficient transportation of product to overseas markets. Today’s LNG carriers have grown in size and complexity since the first LNG ship was developed in 1959. This session will explore some the recent developments in LNG carriers and the required safety systems on vessels and terminals. The session will explore advantages to shipping LNG from northern cold water terminals.
Following 2 days of presentations and discussion of wide-ranging LNG subjects, this session will close the workshop. The work-shop Co-Chairs will present a brief summary of the preceding discussions, followed by a closing keynote address. This address will highlight the global potential of LNG and more specifically, the potential for North American LNG exports, particularly from BC. Advantages and disadvantages of the North American sites, U.S. vs. Canada, and North America vs. the world, across the full supply chain, will be highlighted.