The Sultanate of Oman is a country in Southwest Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates in the northwest, Saudi Arabia in the west, and Yemen in the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea in the south and east, and the Gulf of Oman in the northeast. The country also contains Madha, an enclave enclosed by the United Arab Emirates, and Musandam, an exclave also separated by Emirati territory.
Oman is divided into four governorates (muhafazah) and five regions (mintaqat). These regions are subdivided into provinces (wilayat).
Summer begins in mid-April and lasts until October. The highest temperatures are registered in the interior, where readings of more than 50°C in the shade are common. On the Al Batinah plain, summer temperatures seldom exceed 46° C, but, because of the low elevation, the humidity may be as high as 90 percent. The mean summer temperature in Muscat is 33° C, but the gharbi (literally, western), a strong wind that blows from the Rub al Khali, can raise temperatures from the towns on the Gulf of Oman by 6°C to 10°C. Winter temperatures are mild and pleasant, ranging between 15°C and 23°C.
While Arabic is Oman’s official language, English is widely spoken, especially for business purposes. Other languages include Swahili and Hindi.
The Omani Rial (OMR) is the official currency of the sultanate.
Visa requirements for travel to Oman differ from country to country. Contact the Omani Embassy in your country of residence for more information.
Lightweight summer clothing is ideal with a wrap, sweater or jacket for air conditioned premises. Women are usually advised to dress modestly.