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Webinar Examines Human Factors Technical Report

Published May 19, 2014

An online seminar set for 28 May will look at SPE’s recent technical report on human factors in the oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) industry.

In July 2012 SPE held a 2-day summit on human factors to create a common understanding of the strategic challenges for the E&P industry, to identify what is known and unknown in the field, and to explore possible actions to accomplish the needed change indicated by the US National Commission on the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling report.

The result was a technical report based on discussions and conclusions at the summit intended to provide guidance on the human factors risks in E&P operations and offer solutions for reducing those risks and increase safety.

The challenges the industry faces as it tries to move further toward a culture in which process safety is as well managed as personal safety is currently in the industry is defining what a safety culture is and working on human factors risks that could affect this culture. In civil aviation, a series of major accidents led to the introduction, mandatory requirement, and acceptance of human factors methodologies called crew resource management (CRM). Similarly, the nuclear power industry identified and acted upon the concept of its safety culture after a small number of major incidents. The challenge to the E&P industry is to achieve a similar breakthrough by confronting the human factor as an issue in process safety both onshore and offshore.

The speakers for the seminar will be Kenneth E. Arnold, a consultant with more than 45 years of industry experience, including 16 years at Shell; J. Ford Brett, a consultant in the area of petroleum project management; and Andrew Dingee, safety consultant for BP and chairman of SPE’s human factors technical section.



SPE Plans First African HSE Conference

Published May 9, 2014

The SPE African Health, Safety, Security, and Environment, and Social Responsibility Conference and Exhibition will be held 10–12 June 2014 in Nairobi, Kenya. More than 250 leading oil and gas experts will gather to share their knowledge and experiences associated with sensitive ecosystems; unique infrastructure; supply chain; and significant health, safety, and security issues.

The conference will feature three plenary sessions. On 10 June, the plenary session will focus on environmental concerns and will include two presentations—Response to a Major Oil Spill From a Blowout Incident: The Very Full Scale Exercise “LULA,” presented by Cedric Michel from Total E&P Angola, and Application and Use of the Site-Specific Assessment Tool, presented by Alex Mutiso from Tullow Kenya BV.

The plenary session for 11 June will focus on safety and will include the presentation Managing Safety of Oil and Gas in Operations in a Wildlife Area by Suripno Suripno from Total E&P Uganda.

The third plenary session, on 12 June, will examine health, sustainability, and social responsibility. Social Investment Monitoring and Evaluation Pilot will be presented by Andrew Olleveant from Afren.

In addition, the technical program will address the major topical areas and showcase 40 paper presentations.


Water Management Grows in Importance for Oil and Gas Industry

Published May 7, 2014

The increasing global scarcity of water means more companies need to see and begin treating water as an asset, said Emmanuel Garland, environmental expert with Total, at the Offshore Technology Conference in Houston.

“Water is already a crucial issue and will shape the future,” he said. “Water is a need before being a waste.”

Garland spoke at a topical luncheon titled “Water Management—Change of Paradigm: Water as an Asset” on Tuesday.

Globally, 1.1 billion people do not have access to clean drinking water, Garland said, “and climate change will probably make it even worse in the future.”

As the global need for energy increases, oil and gas companies will continue to expand operations to meet this demand. And “production of oil and gas requires … huge quantities of water,” Garland said.

“Consequently,” he said, “it is the responsibility of the oil and gas industry to ensure that water is adequately considered … in the decisions of the companies.” The industry’s handling of this responsibility—its ability to develop innovative means to reduce water uptake and maximize use and recycling—could affect companies’ social license to operate, he said.

As responsible users of clean water for oil and gas production, companies need to work on reducing the need for clean water in their operations, Garland said, adding “that’s a real challenge.”

In addition to reducing the need for clean water, companies also need to examine how they handle the water produced by oil and gas production operations. “Handling water in a responsible manner is not only good business,” he said, “it is critical for our future.”

The water produced from wells must be treated before it is disposed, and “treatment has been designed for many years for disposal in the environment,” Garland said. Many techniques exist for treating this produced water; Garland mentioned that there are at least 80 proven techniques. The number of proven techniques, he pointed out, shows that no single technique works for every situation.

“The move today is now to treat for reuse and not to treat only for disposal,” he said. “If you can reuse it, that’s much, much better.”

Papers Present Human Factors as Integral to Project Design

Published May 6, 2014

The human factor needs to be considered at the beginning of projects and not as an afterthought, according to presenters at the 2014 Offshore Technology Conference in Houston. Six papers that examined the role of human factors in offshore projects were presented Monday morning at the Human Factors Technical Session.

“We can relate about 80% of accidents and incidents in the marine industries to human error. It is very important that we get involved and that we get involved very early in the design,” said Julie Pray, senior engineer in safety and human factors at ABS. Pray presented her paper “Implementing Human Factors Engineering in Offshore Installation Design.”

But having the human factor considered during the planning phase of a project is not always easy. Benjamin Poblete, chief consultant at Atkins, said, “It’s always difficult because what happens is (the human factor) is often sold as a separate issue, a separate thing, which is like what HSE (health, safety, and environment) was. … It took us 20 some odd years to get back in to it, and I think human factors has to do the same thing. It has to blend right in so that they’re speaking your language during design. … We have to get in early.” Poblete presented his paper “Human Factors in Hazard Analysis.”

The industry has a way to go to integrate human factors in the front-end engineering and design of projects, but tracking the human factors of accidents is an important step.

“I don’t think, in the offshore industry, that we’re even remotely close to where we should be in human factors,” said D.M.A. “Dave” Hollaway, human factors engineering manager at ABS Consulting, while presenting his paper “Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS): Investigatory Tool for Human Factors in Offshore Operational Safety.”

Hollaway went on to build on the axiom “you can’t manage what you can’t measure.” The HFACS outlined in the paper he was presenting was designed to do just that—measure the human factors involved in a project. The system uses a set of user-defined codes to categorize and analyze errors that have led to accidents.

The system is free to download and is designed to be simple to use. “It’s not so complicated that the average HSE or human factors person couldn’t use it.”

Brian Craig, professor at Lamar University, presented another paper concerned with tracking human factors, in this instance in the form of reported near-miss incidents. His paper, “Reporting Practices for Close Call (Near Miss) Reporting Systems,” presented the creation of a database of 44,000 of these incidents. “Basically, we’re looking to identify best practices based on what the industry is currently doing,” he said. “One of the goals of these projects is to share this data, these lessons learned, and corrective actions across the industry.”

The creation of the database is part of a larger safety initiative that has as one of its goals the standardization of how near misses are reported.

The other paper presented during the session were “Art, Science, and Engineering of Managing Offshore Field Development Economics and Risks” and “Jack-St. Malo Marine Operator Training Simulator.” All of the papers are available at the OnePetro online library.

  • Paper 25130 “Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS): Investigatory Tool for Human Factors in Offshore Operational Safety”
  • Paper 25167 “Implementing Human Factors Engineering in Offshore Installation Design”
  • Paper 25078 “Reporting Practices for Close Call (Near Miss) Reporting Systems”
  • Paper 25280 “Human Factors in Hazard Analysis”
  • Paper 25344 “Art, Science, and Engineering of Managing Offshore Field Development Economics and Risks”
  • Paper 25125 “Jack-St. Malo Marine Operator Training Simulator”

Confined Spaces Present Difficult Rescue Challenges

Published April 16, 2014

Confined spaces are very complex locations to work in. Conditions inside can be difficult to determine and can change quickly, resulting in the injury or death of workers. These spaces can be boilers, storage tanks, pipelines, process vessels, pits, reaction vessels, ventilation ducts, or many others.

Emergency Response Technicians demonstrate a confined-space rescue procedure.

Emergency Response Technicians demonstrate a confined-space rescue procedure.

Accidents occur because of unmanaged potential hazards, such as fire or explosion, elevated temperatures, gas, fumes, vapor or lack of oxygen, physical barriers, and limitations to movement and exit. These conditions may already be present or may arise from work being conducted inside or near the confined space.

The team in charge of turnaround safety must be present for early discussions, and a thorough site-needs assessment should be performed to evaluate necessary confined-space work, its risks, and plans to mitigate those risks.

Safe work practices must be developed, and previously conducted risk assessments may dictate what precautions are necessary (e.g., ventilation, personal protective equipment, safety lines). Conditions must be monitored continuously to determine if any new hazards arise from the activities being performed. To ensure these safety measures are put into practice, everyone involved must be properly informed and trained.

If emergencies occur despite these safety measures, the window for reaction is very limited; these hazards can be fatal in a short time of exposure. Lack of oxygen, for instance, will lead to brain damage or death within a mere 5 minutes.

Confined-space rescues are challenging because of the environments themselves. The spaces can be narrow and constricting, often hindering access by rescuers. If a well-defined rescue plan is not in place, rescue will consist of an emotional reaction to an urgent situation, which often leads to poor results.

A rescue procedure is more than just another industry requirement or a box to check. It is a detailed plan that, when understood and applied properly, will prevent serious catastrophic events. The procedure should be defined per specific confined space, identifying all of its characteristics and defining all the steps to be taken in the event of an emergency. The parties involved should review and amend the plan until they are satisfied that it is safe, practical, and repeatable. It should be practiced often to ensure a swift and calm response.

Workers stand on a mock-up simulator for confined-space rescue.

Workers stand on a mock-up simulator for confined-space rescue.

One example of best practice in confined space safety and rescue planning was presented at the 2014 SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment, held in Long Beach, California, from 17 to 19 March. The technical paper “Safe Work Practices and Rescue Planning for Vertical Column Work During Turnaround: A Case Study” portrayed a turnaround case study that involved cleaning and repairing a vertical column 60 ft high and 3 ft wide, with the only entry point being an 18-in.-wide manway. A major concern was how to rescue an incapacitated crew member from inside the column.

A mock-up structure was built to simulate one ring section of the column, which the team used to study and test all the possibilities to come up with the best rescue plan. Several practice rounds ensured the rescue personnel were comfortable with all aspects of this coordinated exercise and that the plan was viable and repeatable.

Conference Offers Opportunity To Learn About Progress in Africa

Published April 4, 2014

The situation in Africa is unique. Culture, sensitive ecosystems, poverty, infectious diseases, infrastructure and services, and security challenges are parts of everyday life. When you consider the activities of insurgents in some areas, it becomes clear that the health, safety, and environment areas of our industry face enormous challenges.

The SPE African Health, Safety, Security, and Environment and Social Responsibility Conference and Exhibition is themed “Protecting People and the Environment: Getting it Right for the Development of the Oil and Gas Industry in Africa.” The event will bring together over 250 leading oil and gas HSE experts to share knowledge and experience to help companies navigate the diverse challenges of operating in a unique context with cultural, human rights, sensitive ecosystems, human health, infrastructure, supply chain, and security issues.

With support from an industry leading committee, we look forward to a truly international audience, and we hope to facilitate rich and robust interactions among:

  • Oil and gas companies
  • Service companies
  • Regulators
  • Civil societies
  • Professional organizations
  • Host communities
  • Government ministers

Register for the conference here.

SPE Publishes Technical Report on Human Factors

Published March 31, 2014

The SPE board of directors has approved the publication of its first technical report titled “The Human Factor: Process Safety and Culture,” intended to provide guidance on the identification and mitigation of risks associated with human factors in upstream E&P operations.

The findings in the report are based on the discussions and conclusions made by a steering group of subject matter experts who attended a 2-day summit in July 2012 hosted by SPE. Technical reports are published when there is a clear need for an evaluation of the state of technology or technical guidance on issues of importance to the industry.

Roland Moreau, HSSE-SR technical director, said, “This report is a great example of the SPE working toward its mission of collecting, disseminating, and exchanging technical knowledge about our industry. It also effectively touches on the SPE’s strategic objectives, including capability development, promoting professionalism, social responsibility, and educating the public.”

The summit’s goal was to create a common understanding of the challenges posed by human factors and their effects on safety, identify what is known and unknown in the field, and explore possible actions to accomplish the changes indicated in the US National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling report.

About 70 participants in the summit represented a cross section of the E&P industry, including individuals from oil and gas major operators, national oil companies, smaller operators, major contractors, regulators, universities, and consulting organizations. The six topics addressed in the report include:

  • Defining the scope of human factors
  • Safety
  • Training and certification
  • Operational control of work
  • Decision making
  • Information technology

Kenneth E. Arnold, senior technical adviser at WorleyParsons, said, “We hope this technical report will help frame the discussion to improving each organization’s culture of safety. The key to increased safety is establishing that culture at every level of the organization, increasing the probability that people will make the correct decisions under stress with incomplete or conflicting data. This can only occur by considering the human factor, if we are going to take real steps to make changes in safety.”

Download the report from OnePetro here.

Plenary Session Identifies Transparency as Key to Social License to Operate

Published March 18, 2014

Transparency is important to maintaining the oil and gas industry’s license to operate, according to a panel of four on Tuesday at SPE’s 2014 International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment.

More than 400 people turned out to hear “What Needs To Be Done To Maintain/Retain Our License to Operate,” the subject of the second plenary session at the conference in Long Beach, California.

“It is very important that the oil industry see itself as a force for good in society,” said Michael Engell-Jensen, executive director of the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers. “It is very, very important that we show that we wish to contribute to society positively. We do that by engaging in the public debate and addressing the concerns of the public.”

From left, Miriam Potter, Allen Leberg Jorgensen, Michael Engell-Jensen, Stephen Newton, and Jennifer Schneider discuss the oil and gas industry's social license to operate.

From left, Miriam Potter, Allen Leberg Jorgensen, Michael Engell-Jensen, Stephen Newton, and Jennifer Schneider discuss the oil and gas industry’s social license to operate.

Engell-Jensen went on to introduce what turned out to be the major theme of the discussion. “If I had only one word,” he said, “I  would say transparency. Transparency is where we need to get to, and that is a very, very difficult thing. But, we have to do it. We have to take the journey. Why? Because transparency is a prerequisite for trust. We are one of the most mistrusted industries … . It is up to us to change that.”

In addition to Engell-Jensen, the panel consisted of Miriam Potter with the nongovernmental organization (NGO) Robin des Bois; Stephen Newton, chief executive officer of Equitable Origin; and Allen Lerberg Jorgensen, department director for human rights and business at the Danish Institute for Human Rights. The session was moderated by Jennifer Schneider from the Colorado School of Mines.

Potter said that the industry’s reaction to accidents and pollution shapes the way it is perceived by the public. “Concerning accidents … upstream and downstream planning and transparency are key concepts. You must be the first to notice and react,” she said. “If the public reacts, if the public notices before you, if NGO’s notice before you, it’s not good.”

Potter continued by pointing out barriers she sees to a positive public perception of the oil and gas industry. “Your image is not just impacted by major pollution and major accidents … . Your image is polluted by small accidents as well and by people seeing pollution in their daily lives,” she said. “A cleaner image for the industry will only come if the industry itself is cleaner.”

Jorgensen said the social right to operate is entwined with human rights and equated the human rights challenges in the industry with the safety challenges the industry has been addressing for decades.

“In many ways, this is a journey of culture,” he said. “Most of your colleagues down to the lowest operators in your companies will notice a safety incident or a near miss if they see one. Will they know a human rights incident or a human rights near miss if they see one?”

All of the panelists agreed that educating the public about the oil and gas industry is a major step toward improving transparency and maintaining the social license to operate.

When asked if improving public education about the industry is the answer to the challenge of maintaining the social license to operate, Newton answered, “It can’t do any harm, that’s for sure. I think the more people know, the more they’re going to understand. They may never like the oil industry, but at least they will understand that’s how their cars run, that’s how their lights come on.”

“The bottom line is it is increasingly more important for trust between the public and oil and gas companies to be restored,” Newton said.

International HSE Conference Opens With Redefinition of Leadership

Published March 17, 2014

More than 700 people filled the grand ballroom at the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center for the opening session of SPE’s 2014 International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment.

Leonard Marcus

Leonard Marcus

Roland Moreau, Conference Committee chairperson, and Kathy Kanocz, Executive Committee chairperson, introduced Jeff Spath, SPE’s 2014 president, who, in turn, introduced Leonard Marcus and Eric McNulty from the Harvard University National Preparedness Leadership Initiative.

Marcus and McNulty presented the idea of what they call meta-leadership, which is based on their research into the responses to the Boston Marathon bombing of 2013, hurricane Katrina, and the Macondo disaster in 2010. Meta-leadership, Marcus said, involves leadership that reaches out “beyond the confines of your particular role or position.”

Eric McNulty

Eric McNulty

Marcus and McNulty said that, during times of crisis, people’s brains respond by “going to the basement.” This refers to the instinctual responses of freeze, flight, or fight. During those moments, McNulty said, “all your brain is focused on survival. You can’t do any complex problem solving. You’re not very productive in terms of figuring out what’s actually going on.” The key to successful crisis management, he said, was to get out of the basement as quickly as possible in order to make sound decisions.

“You, as a crisis leader, have to be smarter than your brain,” Marcus said. This return to rational decision-making can be made by sending a second signal to the brain. This second signal can be as simple as taking a deep breath or counting to 10. With practice, one can build a second neural pathway to speed one’s return to productive thinking.

Crisis leaders must also be able to see the entire situation and realize that every crisis is actually many crises. “Being able to understand the bigger picture is part of the leadership responsibility,” Marcus said. Meta-leaders must also realize that their decisions can create more crises, especially if they are mentally still “in the basement.”

The two speakers also identified a phenomenon known as swarm intelligence from their studies of the response to the Boston Marathon bombings.

Immediately after the bombing, the researchers began studying the leadership responses. They began by asking various responding agencies who was in charge. “The further along we went, the more we came to the conclusion that nobody was in charge,” Marcus said. “And, yet, they worked together so well, with such extraordinary cooperation.”

The speakers attributed the success of the response to swarm intelligence, a concept that began when scientists wondered how termites were able to create huge structures without a central leadership. “There’s not a commander termite with a blue hat on with a big sheet” telling other termites what to do.

Marcus and McNulty said they the response to the Boston bombing was the first time they had seen this behavior with people, “and we think the first time it’s occurred,” Marcus said. “In this event, the leaders were able to achieve something that we’re identifying as swarm intelligence.”

They have identified five aspects of achieving swarm intelligence, all of which were present during the response to the bombing—unity of mission; generosity of spirit; staying in your lane, or doing your job and trusting that others are doing theirs; no ego, no blame; and a foundation of relationships. “Because nobody broke any of those five rules, in 102 hours, they were able to go from two explosions on Boylston Street to apprehension of the two suspects and bringing the community together.”

“One of the great things about you all coming to a meeting like this,” McNulty said, “you get to meet each other and cross organizational boundaries over a cocktail and get to know each other so you can work together when the worst happens.”

Innovative Vehicles Ensure Safety While Transiting Through Red Zones

Published March 17, 2014

Red zones are high-risk areas, usually encountered where oil and gas from high-pressure or highly sour wells are being produced.

The Air Qruise Rover, left, and Solo were introduced at the 2014 International Petroleum Technology Conference in Doha, Qatar.

The Air Qruise Rover, left, and Solo were introduced at the 2014 International Petroleum Technology Conference in Doha, Qatar.

These areas offer increased likelihood of an atmosphere that is immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) because of the presence of toxic or flammable gases. Some of the criteria used to define a red zone are probability or severity of toxic or flammable gas releases, how much gas can be released in a defined amount of time, and location of the site in terms of adjacent work and proximity to local communities overlaid with projected dispersion pattern of the potential release.

Red zones have much tighter safety criteria than the remainder of the work site. While each facility’s parameters for setting or defining red zone’s may be slightly different, it is becoming common policy in H2S red zones that personnel must be under air continuously (made difficult by the fact that these can be vast areas), tools must be explosion proof, and entry is highly controlled.

Despite these strict safety requirements, operations in red zones must go on, and standard or emergency maintenance must be carried out from time to time. In addition, the potential for accidents and personnel emergencies also exists, so significant challenges also exist around executing timely evacuations or rescues.

A major challenge is ensuring that people transiting through or working in these red zones remain safe at all times.

The first solution is gas detection. Equipment has evolved substantially in the past 20 years, and there are currently very accurate means of detecting most toxic gasses before they reach IDLH levels. Early detection is intended to allow personnel time to react to impending IDLH conditions and evacuate or protect themselves accordingly.

When safe evacuation is not possible, the alternative is protection by providing breathing air. Despite numerous improvements in the equipment, cascade system tethered air has limited range, while self-contained air is bulky and has limited capacity and range.

As the industry matures and health, safety, and environment regulations tighten, solutions must evolve through innovation, becoming more agile, accurate, and reliable and allowing for a quicker safety response in any situation that may present itself.

One such innovation is the concept car Air Qruise Rover, launched by United Safety at the 2014 International Petroleum Technology Conference (IPTC), in Doha, Qatar. It uses the same technology of the Air Qruise Trooper, the first vehicle of the Air Qruise family launched at the 2013 Abu Dhabi International Exhibition and Conference. The Trooper is designed to transport people through low- and medium-risk areas, detect hazardous atmospheres, warn the occupants, and provide sufficient air supply for a swift evacuation.

The Air Qruise Rover, however, takes this technology to a new level. It is powered by compressed air and designed to operate safely and reliably in potentially toxic and explosive atmospheres. Equipped with the latest in environmental monitoring, it can track a multitude of sensor inputs, including wind speed, wind direction, location using global positioning satellites, toxic gas levels, vehicle status, and operator biometrics. Information can be transmitted to offsite facilities for monitoring and analysis. The Rover can provide long hours of breathing air without compromising mobility, which is ideal for situations when work needs to be carried out inside red zones.

Another feature that grabbed the attention of IPTC visitors was that the Rover is adapted to carry the Air Qruise Solo, a compact personal transport system that has onboard gas detection, integrated breathing air, and storage space. The Solo is highly maneuverable and ideal for constricted spaces the Rover cannot access.

The Air Qruise line of mobile air safety solutions fills a critical gap in worker safety in IDLH environments because, up until now, there was no optimal way of protecting staff while in transit or inside vast red zones. Elie Daher, executive vice president of United Safety, said, “The technology is highly flexible and can be adapted to an array of vehicles and configuration requirements in terms of breathing air time, sensor types, and range. It considerably increases the protection of workforce inside and near red zones, and we hope it will encourage the development of a new safety standard in the industry.”


Workshop Examines Technology of Social Responsibility

Published March 17, 2014

Because social responsibility is growing in importance in oil and gas operations, SPE will conduct an applied technology workshop that will highlights state-of-the-art technologies and their role in social responsibility strategies in extremely sensitive environments.

The multidisciplinary workshop will deal with the most outstanding challenges and achievements in advanced technology as they apply to health, safety, security, environment, and social responsibility. It will be held 27–29 May in Quito, Ecuador.

Organizations must understand and communicate social responsibility risks to stakeholders early in the project cycle so that a foundation of trust and good communication is established with the often critical stakeholders affected by development in extremely sensitive environments. Many oil and gas operators have recently learned that social responsibility issues need to be at the front of the planning train in order to establish a sustainable development plan.

This workshop intends to explore and discuss some of these key technologies, what has worked, what has not worked, and areas where future technological innovation is necessary to strengthen the social license to operate in extremely sensitive environments. It will also provide an opportunity to share and learn from the field experiences of successful industry players.

Workshops maximize the exchange of ideas among attendees and presenters through brief technical presentations followed by extended question and answer periods. Focused topics attract an informed audience eager to discuss issues critical to advancing both technology and best practices.

Many of the presentations are in the form of case studies, highlighting engineering achievements and lessons learned. In order to stimulate frank discussion, no proceedings are published and members of the press are not invited to attend.

The workshop will consist of two days of informal sessions with a number of short presentations and a third half day for conclusions and recommendations.

Attendees qualify for SPE continuing education units at the rate of 0.1 unit per hour of the workshop and will receive a certificate from SPE.

International HSE Conference Opens 17 March

Published March 6, 2014


For more than 20 years, the SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and the Environment has been the E&P industry’s premier international event highlighting HSE best practices and challenges.

This year’s theme is “The Journey Continues.” More than 1,200 health, safety, and environment professionals, working in and beyond the oil and gas sector, to sunny southern California for this biennial event.

Conference Web App

To help attendees get the most out of the conference, a mobile app has been developed. The SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment mobile app is a native application for iOS and Android devices. A Web-based version of the application is available for all other Web browser-enabled phones, including Blackberry devices.

In the app, a dashboard provides up-to-the-minute exhibitor, speaker, and event information. A map of the conference center and exhibition floor allows easy location of exhibitors and provides directions to them from a users location.

The My Schedule feature keeps schedules organized and allows for creating appointments with one click. Alerts provide important real-time communications from the event organizer.

The app also features built-in Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn feeds and the opportunity to rate and comment on sessions. A notes section allows attendees to take and email notes on sessions.

Also, all full conference registrants will be able to download the conference papers 7 days before the beginning of the conference.

To download the app for iOS and Android devices, visit the App Store or Google Play on the device and search for “SPE HSE 2014.”

To visit the Web-based version of the app, click here or scan the QR code.

Read more about the conference here.