Water-Resource-Management Guide Offers Method for Identifying, Managing RiskSource: Journal of Petroleum Technology | 13 August 2014
While water issues are often location- and situation-dependent, a standardized guide to water-resource management has been developed for upstream oil- and gas-production projects and operations. The guide provides environmental, regulatory, and socioeconomic practitioners with a consistent and effective method to identify, assess, and manage water-resource-related risks and opportunities. The guide has four steps, each with embedded and scalable tools—data acquisition, data analysis, risk assessment, and risk management.
The availability and quality of fresh-water resources, coupled with increasingly stringent regulatory requirements in many locations, continue to challenge the oil and gas industry. Accordingly, the industry recognizes its responsibility to surrounding communities and to the environment regarding its management of fresh water. One company’s water-resource-management program is built upon a framework of principles designed to help manage interactions with water in order to
- Protect human health and the environment
- Consider local water needs when addressing operation requirements
- Continuously improve technologies, practice, and performance
- Engage stakeholders in development of sustainable water solutions
In order to provide environmental, regulatory, and socioeconomic practitioners with the knowledge and methods to implement these principles, an upstream water-resource-management guide was developed. The guide does not contain any new requirements but rather is intended to function as a road map for practitioners to help them manage water resources more effectively within the context of existing internal requirements and external considerations, constraints, and requirements.
The objectives of the guide are to
- Enhance the quality of data gathered regarding the use of water resources
- Identify and manage water-related risks
- Assist in the application of appropriate technology and operational practices to improve water-use efficiency and safeguard water quality