Safety
Offshore Energy Today | 12 July 2016

Nigeria’s Oil and Gas Industry “Ready for a New Era in Safety”

Nigerian government officials and representatives from the country’s oil and gas sector have joined forces in Lagos on OPITO’s 1-day seminar to discuss how to make the country’s energy sector a safer place to work.

Shell’s Bonga floating production, storage, and offloading vessel offshore Nigeria.

Over 70 attendees heard from speakers including Onyebuchi Sibeudu, head of safety and environment at the Nigerian government’s Department of Petroleum Resources; Mohammed Dewu from the Petroleum Technology Development Fund; Musa Rabiu from the Nigerian National Petroleum Company; and Amadi Amadi, S & E technical manager, Shell Nigeria.

Nigeria is Africa’s largest oil producer and employs around 12.5% of the region’s labor pool. OPITO, an international oil and gas skills organization whose safety training is taken by 250,000 people every year, was approached by the Nigerian government and oil and gas producers with the aim to improve the skills of local workers and develop the technical competence needed to carry out their roles safely.

OPITO’s group chief executive David Doig said: “There is an increasing awareness in Nigeria of the value in ensuring the competency of the offshore workforce and the benefits of improving the levels of safety for each individual.”

He added that there are three training providers in Nigeria approved to deliver OPITO’s standards while another seven companies signed up for the workshop showing a commitment to adopt OPITO standards.

“This interest coupled with that of the government and international firms operating in the region sees Nigeria’s oil and gas industry ready for a new era in safety and competency,” Doig said.

ProAct Safety | 12 July 2016

Column: Special vs. Common Causation

W. Edwards Deming, one of the fathers of manufacturing quality control, explained the difference between special causes and common causes. He was speaking of the causes of defects in manufacturing processes. He explained that sometimes someone does something obviously wrong, a machine malfunctions or raw material has an obvious flaw. When such an event causes a defect in manufacturing, that defect has a special cause. However, sometimes everyone performs normally, machines function as usual, raw materials meet specs, and still a defect happens. Such defects, according to Deming, have common causes. In other words, the cause of the defect is common to the process. It is built in and does not require outside intervention to make it happen. According to Deming, such defects may not happen frequently, and often may not be accurately assessed or diagnosed.

Think how this dichotomy applies to safety. An accidental workplace injury, just like a manufacturing defect, is an undesired and unplanned outcome of a process. Work processes are designed to produce products or services, not defects or injuries. The causes of workplace injuries can fall into the same two categories as the causes of manufacturing process defects. A worker can do something wrong, a machine can malfunction, or irregular events of other kinds can happen. When these things result in accidental injuries, such injuries could be said to have special cause. However, when organizations investigate accidents and fail to find irregular conditions or behaviors as root causes, they do not always consider the alternatives. It is at this level of investigation that Deming’s observations can help improve safety.

United Safety | 22 June 2016

Export Development Canada Recognizes United Safety’s Mission To Protect Workers Worldwide

In February 2016, Export Development Canada (EDC), the state-owned export credit agency provided CAD 750 million in emergency loans to small and medium-sized oil and gas companies in a bid to help the industry survive the current downturn.

By demonstrating a solid survival plan for the next 2 years, United Safety is one of the firms that EDC is supporting. The company has been at the forefront of bringing Canadian expertise in the field of health and safety by taking its innovations and value-added services to 13 oil and gas producing countries spread across the Americas, Asia, and Africa.

“We supply goods and services to major energy-producing companies around the world by providing industrial safety equipment, safety consulting and safety training for oil fields, refineries, gas plants, and power-generation facilities to ensure that the workforces and the public remain safe,” said Lee Whittaker, United Safety’s CEO, who founded the company in 1987.

Today, according to EDC, Canada’s oil and gas sector contributes an average of CAD 17 billion to government coffers yearly and employs approximately 500,000 through direct and indirect jobs. Leveraging on their years of experience in Canada’s oil patch, some enterprising Canadian companies, such as United Safety have gained significant success in international markets.

Offshore Energy Today | 16 June 2016

PSA Spots Safety Breaches on Statoil’s Sleipner Complex

Norway’s offshore safety watchdog, the Petroleum Safety Authority (PSA), has identified several safety breaches during an audit of Statoil’s Sleipner complex, offshore Norway.

The Sleipner complex. Photo courtesy of Statoil.

PSA said on 16 June that the audit, done 1–8 April, aimed to verify that Statoil’s management and follow-up of barriers complied with the company’s and the authorities’ requirements.

According to the safety agency, this entails knowing which barriers have been established and which function they are to fulfill, as well as performance requirements defined for specific technical, operational, or organizational barrier elements necessary for rendering the individual barrier effective.

The organization added that the monitoring of Statoil is systematical at all levels and its goal is to prevent any major accidents.

During the audit, a nonconformity was identified relating to the emergency shutdown system while improvement points were identified regarding risk reduction, decision support and decision-making criteria, risk identification, and uncertainty in risk analyses.

Statoil has been given a deadline of 22 June by the PSA to report on how the nonconformity and improvement points will be dealt with.

The Associated Press | 17 June 2016

Oregon Officials Want a Hold on Oil Trains After Derailment

The fiery derailment of an oil train in Oregon’s Columbia River Gorge has state transportation officials asking for a halt to the massive trains because of concerns their heavier weight could be putting extra strain on a certain type of bolt that fastens the rails to the tracks.

In this 3 June 2016 file photo provided by Silas Bleakley, tank cars, carrying oil, are derailed near Mosier, Oregon. Credit: AP.

The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) discussed its concerns about the safety of the so-called “lag bolts” in a presentation Thursday to the Oregon Transportation Commission and made public a letter it mailed to the Federal Railroad Administration on 8 June asking for the moratorium.

Union Pacific, which operated the train, has said the 3 June derailment was caused by a failure of the bolts, fasteners that are used to attach the rail to the rail tie on a curved section of track. The accident forced evacuations in the tiny town of Mosier, about 70 miles east of Portland, and spilled 42,000 gal of oil into the Columbia River. No one was injured.

In a presentation to commission members, ODOT administrator Hal Gard said the lag bolts found at the scene were rusted on both ends, indicating they had been sheared off before the derailment. State officials showed a photo of a pile of lag bolts collected at the site.

This June 2016 photo provided by the Oregon Department of Transportation shows train rail lag bolts collected at the site of a fiery train derailment 3 June 2016 in Mosier, Oregon. Credit: Oregon Department of Transportation via AP

Trains that carry only crude oil began running in that section of the Columbia River Gorge in 2014, and state investigators are concerned that the heavier weight and shorter length of those trains might be causing the lag bolts to break. The trains’ weight is spread out over a shorter distance, increasing the pressure on the tracks.

Without the fasteners anchoring the rails to the rail ties, the parallel rails can be pushed further apart, causing a derailment, said Tom Fuller, ODOT’s director of communications. The sloshing of the liquid oil inside the tankers might also mean additional stress as the train’s contents shifts on curves, he added.

“The liquid is heavier and the weight is even more concentrated because there’s a shorter distance between the wheels, and that’s what allowed one of the cars to literally come off the rails and then it pulled the other cars with it,” he said.

The lag bolt system was installed on the Columbia River Gorge route in 2001, Gard said, and the rails at the location were replaced in 2013.

Tests conducted by both Union Pacific and ODOT for flaws in the tracks didn’t turn up the faulty bolts, Fuller said.

“Our concern right now is, if Union Pacific or ODOT weren’t able to determine that these bolts were broken, how do we know there aren’t more of these bolts broken in other places?” he said. “Where else are these bolts installed? Where else might this exist … just waiting to have a derailment?”

EHS Today | 16 June 2016

Column: Growing a Safety Culture From the Middle Out

Mathis

Most safety culture improvement initiatives either start at the top or the bottom of the organizational structure, with executive coaching for senior managers or work force teambuilding for the rank and file. Some experts believe that safety begins with leadership; others stress that worker behavior has the most impact on safety. Both approaches can achieve improvement. However, there are organizations with good reasons to delay these approaches and start safety improvement in the middle.

A recent client discovered in an assessment of its safety culture that managers did not realize the impact of poor safety performance on the organization. As a result, the client wanted to begin efforts by training managers. This organization is a division of a larger entity, which had absorbed the costs of safety into the corporate structure and insulated the division managers from the economic realities. However, after further analysis, it became evident that the managers had almost no direct contact with the levels of the organization where safety issues existed. Just as the managers were insulated from safety realities, the safety realities were equally insulated from the managers.

The next thought was to begin with the rank and file, and yet another barrier was identified. The work force of this division was a diverse group with multiple backgrounds and languages that would require significant work to form into teams. Moreover, the attrition rate was averaging 35% over a 4-year period. The existing culture was heavily dependent on the first-line supervisors to train employees and to direct daily operations. The supervisors had received virtually no training when promoted from the work force in either supervision skills or in safety. The evidence indicated that working first with supervisors might be our best transformational opportunity.

Offshore Energy Today | 15 June 2016

APPEA’s Safety Excellence Award Goes to Santos

The Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association (APPEA) has presented the Safety Excellence Award to the independent energy company Santos.

Photo courtesy of Santos.

APPEA said on 8 June that the award recognizes responsible management of risk based on sound science; application of new systems and technologies; and constructive engagement with the workforce, project partners, government, and the wider industry in enhancing workplace health and safety.

APPEA board member and Buru Energy executive chairman Eric Streitberg announced the award on 7 June at APPEA 2016 Conference Dinner in Brisbane.

Streitberg said, “Santos maintains that no business objective will take priority over safety and no task is so important or urgent that it cannot be done safely.

“Santos has enhanced its tracking and measurement of safety culture and critical controls management, enabling it to systematically and effectively minimize risks.”

Bill Housser via Mondaq | 15 June 2016

British Columbia Adopts New Spill Response and Preparedness Regime

On 19 May 2016, the province of British Columbia amended the Environmental Management Act (EMA) to adopt the new spill preparedness and response regime. The amendments are not yet in force and will be brought into force by regulation at a later date.

The regime has broad implications for the public and private sectors. When in force, the regime will prescribe spill response and reporting requirements; require specified people to engage in spill contingency planning; enable the province to designate geographic response areas and certify preparedness and response organizations; and allow the minister of environment to establish an advisory committee respecting spill-related matters.

The regime can be divided into four components: preparedness, response, recovery, and oversight.

Offshore Energy Today | 15 June 2016

DNV GL Launches New “Clean Lay-Up” Guideline for Vessels

Classification society DNV GL has issued the first “Clean Lay-Up” declaration under its newly released classification guideline.

The Munin FPSO vessel. Photo courtesy of: Bluewater

DNV GL made the announcement about its declaration at the Posidonia trade fair.

According to the classification society, the guideline enables shipowners and managers to demonstrate that their vessel is laid up in a responsible manner, taking into account noise, emission, and environmental concerns, while fulfilling all safety requirements.

Bluewater’s Munin floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel, laid up in Labuan, Malaysia, recently received the first declaration of this kind.

“As a result of the tight business climate, we are seeing an increasing number of enquiries from owners and managers who need to put their vessel into lay-up, but want to do this in a way that respects the local environment and the communities around these sites,” says Richard Tao, Discipline Leader of DNV GL’s Maritime Advisory and Project Manager for the new lay-up guideline.

DNV GL | 6 June 2016

DNV GL Launches New Version of Software for HSE in Unconventional Oil and Gas

Small and medium-sized businesses in unconventional oil and gas face health, safety, and environment (HSE) challenges that can negatively affect operational risk. DNV GL has developed a new software-as-a-service version of the its HSE software Synergi Life, based on industry expertise, supporting consistent reporting and systematic follow-up of incidents in smaller organizations.

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DNV GL’s Synergi Life software was developed with input from HSE professionals working within the industry.

Oil and gas companies need information reported consistently so they can monitor, track, investigate, and analyze incidents in order to identify root causes, establish preventive actions, and ensure compliance with requirements. Organizations that lack staff, time, and resources may not have systems in place that enable them to recognize and act upon trending data easily. Many use a combination of various documents, spreadsheets, and email, making it difficult to track and analyze data consistently. These organizations may be exposed to increased risk of operational incidents and accidents. In addition, the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration recently finalized new rules for certain high-risk industries on electronic data submission relating to HSE, effective 1 January 2017.

The new version of Synergi Life is cloud-based and designed to offer immediate HSE support to organizations within unconventional oil and gas, significantly improving business processes tracking incidents and accidents. It is a system designed for unconventional oil and gas and developed with input from HSE professionals working within the industry.

Offshore Energy Today | 3 June 2016

Norway Bans All H225 Helicopter Flights, Search and Rescue Included

The Norwegian Civil Aviation Authority has extended the flight ban of all helicopters of the H225 and AS332L2 type, meaning that the two helicopter types now cannot be used even for search-and-rescue missions.

The original ban, excluding search-and-rescue missions, has been in place since the fatal Super Puma crash near Turoy, Norway, on 29 April.

The extension of the ban follows a safety recommendation by Accident Investigation Board Norway (AIBN) late on 1 June.

AIBN’s investigation has found that there is a possible safety issue that can affect main gear boxes on other helicopters of the same type, adding that the nature of the catastrophic failure of the helicopter’s main rotor system indicates that the current means to detect a failure in advance are not effective.

Thus, the AIBN recommended that “that EASA take immediate action to ensure the safety of the Airbus Helicopters H225 main gear box.”

U.S. Water | 31 May 2016

U.S. Water Wins Safety Award

U.S. Water’s Cambridge, Minnesota, facility was awarded a Meritorious Achievement in Occupational Safety 2015 Governor’s Safety Award during the 2016 Minnesota Safety and Health Conference in Minneapolis.

U.S. Water’s David Provost, Cambridge plant manager, left, and Shae McClanahan, environmental health and safety specialist, accepted the 2015 Governor’s Safety Award on behalf of U.S. Water’s Cambridge facility at the 2016 Minnesota Safety and Health Conference in May.

The conference was organized by the Minnesota Safety Council and took place on 5 May. David Provost, Cambridge plant manager, and Shae McClanahan, environmental health and safety specialist, accepted the award on behalf of U.S. Water’s Cambridge facility.

“This is just one outstanding example of U.S. Water’s commitment to safety as we focus to offer safe and environmentally sound solutions for our customers, employees, company, and communities. I’m very proud of our Cambridge team,” said Rob Marino, vice president of manufacturing and logistics. “They consistently lead the company in safety innovation, as many of our companywide programs were conceived and developed at this facility. Dave and his team continue to raise the bar with acceptance of this award.”

The Meritorious Achievement in Occupational Safety is awarded to organizations that receive a score of 50-74 on the Safety Program Evaluation Scorecard and have a better than average Days Away Restricted Transferred (DART) rate for at least the past 3 years based on industry averages. The Safety Program Evaluation Scorecard rates the organization in 20 health and safety measures, which can be placed into four broad categories: responsibilities and accountabilities; identifying, controlling, and analyzing hazards; incident investigation; and communication and training. DART rates come from the number of cases with days away from work, job transfer, or restrictions because of injury or illness.

U.S. Water is an integrated industrial water management company headquartered in St. Michael, Minnesota. It provides integrated water management for industry by combining chemical, equipment, engineering, and service to reduce water and energy usage and improve efficiency.