EHS Today | 16 June 2016

Column: Growing a Safety Culture From the Middle Out



Most safety culture improvement initiatives either start at the top or the bottom of the organizational structure, with executive coaching for senior managers or work force teambuilding for the rank and file. Some experts believe that safety begins with leadership; others stress that worker behavior has the most impact on safety. Both approaches can achieve improvement. However, there are organizations with good reasons to delay these approaches and start safety improvement in the middle.

A recent client discovered in an assessment of its safety culture that managers did not realize the impact of poor safety performance on the organization. As a result, the client wanted to begin efforts by training managers. This organization is a division of a larger entity, which had absorbed the costs of safety into the corporate structure and insulated the division managers from the economic realities. However, after further analysis, it became evident that the managers had almost no direct contact with the levels of the organization where safety issues existed. Just as the managers were insulated from safety realities, the safety realities were equally insulated from the managers.

The next thought was to begin with the rank and file, and yet another barrier was identified. The work force of this division was a diverse group with multiple backgrounds and languages that would require significant work to form into teams. Moreover, the attrition rate was averaging 35% over a 4-year period. The existing culture was heavily dependent on the first-line supervisors to train employees and to direct daily operations. The supervisors had received virtually no training when promoted from the work force in either supervision skills or in safety. The evidence indicated that working first with supervisors might be our best transformational opportunity.

Offshore Energy Today | 15 June 2016

APPEA’s Safety Excellence Award Goes to Santos

The Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association (APPEA) has presented the Safety Excellence Award to the independent energy company Santos.

Photo courtesy of Santos.

APPEA said on 8 June that the award recognizes responsible management of risk based on sound science; application of new systems and technologies; and constructive engagement with the workforce, project partners, government, and the wider industry in enhancing workplace health and safety.

APPEA board member and Buru Energy executive chairman Eric Streitberg announced the award on 7 June at APPEA 2016 Conference Dinner in Brisbane.

Streitberg said, “Santos maintains that no business objective will take priority over safety and no task is so important or urgent that it cannot be done safely.

“Santos has enhanced its tracking and measurement of safety culture and critical controls management, enabling it to systematically and effectively minimize risks.”

Bill Housser via Mondaq | 15 June 2016

British Columbia Adopts New Spill Response and Preparedness Regime

On 19 May 2016, the province of British Columbia amended the Environmental Management Act (EMA) to adopt the new spill preparedness and response regime. The amendments are not yet in force and will be brought into force by regulation at a later date.

The regime has broad implications for the public and private sectors. When in force, the regime will prescribe spill response and reporting requirements; require specified people to engage in spill contingency planning; enable the province to designate geographic response areas and certify preparedness and response organizations; and allow the minister of environment to establish an advisory committee respecting spill-related matters.

The regime can be divided into four components: preparedness, response, recovery, and oversight.

Offshore Energy Today | 15 June 2016

DNV GL Launches New “Clean Lay-Up” Guideline for Vessels

Classification society DNV GL has issued the first “Clean Lay-Up” declaration under its newly released classification guideline.

The Munin FPSO vessel. Photo courtesy of: Bluewater

DNV GL made the announcement about its declaration at the Posidonia trade fair.

According to the classification society, the guideline enables shipowners and managers to demonstrate that their vessel is laid up in a responsible manner, taking into account noise, emission, and environmental concerns, while fulfilling all safety requirements.

Bluewater’s Munin floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel, laid up in Labuan, Malaysia, recently received the first declaration of this kind.

“As a result of the tight business climate, we are seeing an increasing number of enquiries from owners and managers who need to put their vessel into lay-up, but want to do this in a way that respects the local environment and the communities around these sites,” says Richard Tao, Discipline Leader of DNV GL’s Maritime Advisory and Project Manager for the new lay-up guideline.

DNV GL | 6 June 2016

DNV GL Launches New Version of Software for HSE in Unconventional Oil and Gas

Small and medium-sized businesses in unconventional oil and gas face health, safety, and environment (HSE) challenges that can negatively affect operational risk. DNV GL has developed a new software-as-a-service version of the its HSE software Synergi Life, based on industry expertise, supporting consistent reporting and systematic follow-up of incidents in smaller organizations.


DNV GL’s Synergi Life software was developed with input from HSE professionals working within the industry.

Oil and gas companies need information reported consistently so they can monitor, track, investigate, and analyze incidents in order to identify root causes, establish preventive actions, and ensure compliance with requirements. Organizations that lack staff, time, and resources may not have systems in place that enable them to recognize and act upon trending data easily. Many use a combination of various documents, spreadsheets, and email, making it difficult to track and analyze data consistently. These organizations may be exposed to increased risk of operational incidents and accidents. In addition, the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration recently finalized new rules for certain high-risk industries on electronic data submission relating to HSE, effective 1 January 2017.

The new version of Synergi Life is cloud-based and designed to offer immediate HSE support to organizations within unconventional oil and gas, significantly improving business processes tracking incidents and accidents. It is a system designed for unconventional oil and gas and developed with input from HSE professionals working within the industry.

Offshore Energy Today | 3 June 2016

Norway Bans All H225 Helicopter Flights, Search and Rescue Included

The Norwegian Civil Aviation Authority has extended the flight ban of all helicopters of the H225 and AS332L2 type, meaning that the two helicopter types now cannot be used even for search-and-rescue missions.

The original ban, excluding search-and-rescue missions, has been in place since the fatal Super Puma crash near Turoy, Norway, on 29 April.

The extension of the ban follows a safety recommendation by Accident Investigation Board Norway (AIBN) late on 1 June.

AIBN’s investigation has found that there is a possible safety issue that can affect main gear boxes on other helicopters of the same type, adding that the nature of the catastrophic failure of the helicopter’s main rotor system indicates that the current means to detect a failure in advance are not effective.

Thus, the AIBN recommended that “that EASA take immediate action to ensure the safety of the Airbus Helicopters H225 main gear box.”

U.S. Water | 31 May 2016

U.S. Water Wins Safety Award

U.S. Water’s Cambridge, Minnesota, facility was awarded a Meritorious Achievement in Occupational Safety 2015 Governor’s Safety Award during the 2016 Minnesota Safety and Health Conference in Minneapolis.

U.S. Water’s David Provost, Cambridge plant manager, left, and Shae McClanahan, environmental health and safety specialist, accepted the 2015 Governor’s Safety Award on behalf of U.S. Water’s Cambridge facility at the 2016 Minnesota Safety and Health Conference in May.

The conference was organized by the Minnesota Safety Council and took place on 5 May. David Provost, Cambridge plant manager, and Shae McClanahan, environmental health and safety specialist, accepted the award on behalf of U.S. Water’s Cambridge facility.

“This is just one outstanding example of U.S. Water’s commitment to safety as we focus to offer safe and environmentally sound solutions for our customers, employees, company, and communities. I’m very proud of our Cambridge team,” said Rob Marino, vice president of manufacturing and logistics. “They consistently lead the company in safety innovation, as many of our companywide programs were conceived and developed at this facility. Dave and his team continue to raise the bar with acceptance of this award.”

The Meritorious Achievement in Occupational Safety is awarded to organizations that receive a score of 50-74 on the Safety Program Evaluation Scorecard and have a better than average Days Away Restricted Transferred (DART) rate for at least the past 3 years based on industry averages. The Safety Program Evaluation Scorecard rates the organization in 20 health and safety measures, which can be placed into four broad categories: responsibilities and accountabilities; identifying, controlling, and analyzing hazards; incident investigation; and communication and training. DART rates come from the number of cases with days away from work, job transfer, or restrictions because of injury or illness.

U.S. Water is an integrated industrial water management company headquartered in St. Michael, Minnesota. It provides integrated water management for industry by combining chemical, equipment, engineering, and service to reduce water and energy usage and improve efficiency.

Rigzone | 16 May 2016

Device Offers Self-Rescue Capability for Oil, Gas Workers

For workers laboring on the top of tall structures, the ability to self-rescue could mean the difference between life and death.

While transportation incidents represented the largest cause of US workplace deaths, workers also face serious threats from falling. Fourteen percent, or 660, of the 4,821 US worker fatalities in 2014 resulted from falls to a lower level of a facility, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Saint Paul, Minn.-based 3M is seeking to address this risk with its new line of fall protection products, including a safety harness, personal protection equipment, fall protection devices for tools and the latest self-rescue device.

Being suspended in a harness puts pressure on the legs and can cause suspension trauma. This trauma can render them unconscious, making a rescue difficult, Steve Kosch, global product manager of 3M’s confined space and rescue division, said. The self-rescue device not only allows a trapped worker to free themselves; if they’ve already passed out, an extended pole can be used to unhook the carabiner and rescue them from heights.

“You don’t have to be at extreme heights to hurt yourself,” Kosch said. “Most countries, including the United States, require some kind of fall protection for 6 ft and higher.”

ProAct Safety | 12 May 2016

Column: Fear Is the Enemy of Safety Excellence

It is ironic that organizations encourage risk-taking and develop a tolerance for failure in pursuits such as marketing and new-product development but have a completely different view of safety. Certainly, no one wants to fail at safety. Safety failures can be catastrophic and costly. But when the fear of failure becomes the primary driver of safety efforts, the results are often self-limiting.

The fear-driven safety program tends to drive organizations to take steps directly aimed at avoiding failure. The definition of success becomes “to fail less.” The goals are based on negative steps, such as avoiding risks, and the metrics are failure metrics. Blame and punishment are often attached to failures, and the lack of failure is rewarded without regard to the performance that led to it. Luck is rewarded the same as safe performance, as there is nothing to distinguish between the two. Lagging indicators guide efforts, and key performance indicators are either not developed, ignored, or are viewed as “soft” metrics. The proverbial “wag the dog” is in full effect, and the focus on results make the processes and performance that actually produce the results disappear into the background.

Management’s fear of safety failure can lead to other self-limiting approaches. Safety, which should be a strategic job of management, is often delegated to a safety “specialists,” who are expected to lead the effort to fail less. Executives and senior managers often separate their duties from safety and may also allow lower-level managers and supervisors to do the same. Business and safety are managed as two separate priorities and may compete for resources, time, and worker attention. The two become dichotomies in the minds of workers, who often ask which is most important today. The fear of safety failure keeps the business leader’s attention until the fear of business failure becomes greater. Safety based on fear never becomes a value because its priority changes when one fear outweighs another.

Leaders whose primary goal is to avoid failure often try to convey their fear to the workforce. They hypothesize that, if workers fear failure also, it might align efforts to fail less. Guidelines center around avoidance, and management style focuses on negative consequences to emphasize these goals. In this mindset, proactivity in safety means making rules and procedures that minimize failures. The goal is compliance rather than excellence. The safety professionals become the safety police, and workers begin to develop avoidance behaviors. There are only three possible consequences of safety for workers: 1) getting injured; 2) getting caught in non-compliance; or 3) getting away without consequence. Great safety performance is not rewarded more than mediocre performance if neither result in consequences. Excellence is never better than “good enough.”

Offshore Engineer | 6 May 2016

Learning To Be Lean in the Subsea Sector

Marilyn Tears has already made her mark in the offshore energy sector as senior project manager for the ExxonMobil-operated Julia deepwater development in the US Gulf of Mexico, which is expected to start production this year.

Marilyn Tears

Julia was discovered in 2007, and, with an estimated 6 billion bbl of oil in place in the Walker Ridge area of the US Gulf of Mexico, the field is being developed at an investment cost of more than USD 4 billion. The initial development phase includes six wells tied back subsea to the Chevron-operated Jack/St. Malo semisubmersible floating production unit.

After that challenge, in April 2015, Tears took on a new role as safety, security, health, and environmental manager for ExxonMobil. It is that health, safety, and environmental (HSE) perspective that she will share at this year’s Underwater Technology Conference in Bergen in June. The conference theme will be Lean Subsea—The Way Forward.

“How we manage and lead health, safety, and environmental issues sets the stage for how we manage all other aspects of business in the subsea sector,” Tears said. “We often see HSE as a predictor of cost, schedule, and quality performance. HSE can serve as a bonding point for establishing relationships that lead to higher levels of trust and teamwork in every part of the business. This is why excellence in HSE is important through the entire life cycle of subsea projects.”

Specialist Services Marks 5 Million Man-Hours Without Lost-Time Injuries

Specialist Services Group achieved 5 million man-hours of work in their facilities in Dubai and Abu Dhabi without any lost-time injuries (LTIs). This milestone was reached between February 2015 and March 2016, during which there were no recordable cases of LTI in their yards and offices.

“During the last few years, we have implemented various initiatives to manage and improve the safety of our employees and visitors. As a result, we have received various recognitions from renowned certification bodies and clients. Among others, we have been awarded an Appreciation Certificate by the Head of Public Health and Safety Department of Dubai Municipality in 2014, an Appreciation Award from Yokogawa in 2015, and a recognition from Zakum Development Company just this month for demonstrating excellent HSE (health, safety, and environment) performance during our work on their UZ-750 project,” said Ian Rogers, chief executive officer for Specialist Services.

“In addition to our innovation and optimization activities, we are achieving excellent results in quality and safety, which are reflected in an increase in customer satisfaction. In the last few years, we have been further improving our safety records in line with our goals and some of our employees have also been recognized by our customers for their outstanding performance in health, safety, and environment activities. The 5 million man-hours without LTI achievement is a further confirmation of these successful efforts from everyone in our team,” said Chris Ridley, group sales and marketing director at Specialist Services.

Specialist Services Group is a global supplier of modular buildings and packaging solutions for people and equipment in the oil and gas industry.

Read more about Specialist Service Group here.

Offshore Energy Today | 3 May 2016

Thousands Call for Removal of Airbus 225 Super Puma Helicopter From Service

More than 11,000 people have signed a petition calling for the EC 225 Airbus Super Puma helicopter to be retired, following the fatal crash on 29 April in Norway.

The CHC-owned helicopter was on its way back from the Statoil-operated Gullfaks B platform when its rotor loosened and detached mid-air and the aircraft crashed into a small island in Turoy, near Bergen. All 13 people aboard the aircraft died.

The petition at, is calling for all the aircraft of the same type to be retired.