The oil and gas industry has had increasing trouble delivering projects successfully, and part of the problem is that its projects are inherently more complex than they have been in the past. To be successful going forward, the industry must do a better job at shedding the baggage of unnecessary project complexity.
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is a process operators use to help maximize the value of their existing assets. Effective water management is critical to the process, as injection water must be treated and waste water must be handled and disposed, or recycled for further use. This feature examines the challenges in water management that companies face with EOR, as well as the technologies being developed to help tackle them.
The key to extending the life of floating production units is to accomplish what needs to be done safely, economically, and without shutting in the wells. Deepwater mooring systems are designed with redundancies in place, but without proper maintenance and monitoring they may fail without the operator’s knowledge, leading to a possible unzipping, or total failure, of the system.
The SPE Separations Technology Technical Section’s (STTS) series of articles on separator design, lessons learned, and solutions for separation problems continues with an article that highlights how inlet geometries may cause poor flow distribution. Maldistribution and jetting may lead to a loss of retention time, foaming, re-entrainment, and high-velocity hot spots on demisting devices, causing carry-over. Poor flow distribution can lead to separation problems and a loss of separation efficiency.
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Risk-Based Analysis and Engineering of Safe Distances Between Occupied Structures
and Processing Equipment
The optimal distance between explosive, flammable, and toxic hydrocarbon sources is examined. The study presents an approach to position occupied structures that limits the risk of harm to personnel.
A suitable explosion design philosophy for floating facilities is presented, with a special focus on floating-liquefied-natural-gas units.
Integrated Project Delivery: A Paradigm Shift for Oil and Gas Projects in the UAE and the Middle East Region
Collaborative project-delivery methods that meet the challenges of reduced budget and time constraints on oil and gas projects are discussed. An integrated-project-delivery approach is recommended.
Feasibility and Evaluation of Surfactants and Gas Lift in Combination as a Severe-
An experimental study in which a combination of surfactants and gas lift was tested to suppress slugging is described. The study analyzes the results and quantifies them through a modified elimination performance index.
The recertification of liquefied-natural-gas tanks that have reached their design life is covered. A benchmark of cryogenic tanks in terms of operation life and the type of containment is provided.