Optimization of reliability and maintenance (R&M) programs can unlock hidden value in facilities by reducing unplanned capacity downtime. Operators are taking a closer look at their R&M with many moving toward enterprise asset management.

Hydraulic fracturing (HF) in unconventionals presents unique water treatment and management challenges. Conventional HF may require 2,000 bbl of water per well, but unconventional HF requires between 50,000 and 120,000 bbl of water per well. Fluid volume, not fluid type and flowback rate, is the distinguishing feature of unconventional HF fluid management, compared with conventional HF. Five steps to developing a water management strategy are discussed.

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