Reservoir management is a continuously evolving process that adopts various technologies and strategies, to achieve a mission of maximizing total asset value. The infusion of the various technologies into the upstream industries has significantly impacted the E&P business environment. In recent years, industry has heavily turned to horizontal and multilateral wells to greatly expand reservoir contact, and thereby maximize oil production with lower unit development costs. Moreover, the appropriate use of advanced well completions has extended well life, increased productivity, and reduced field development costs when compared to conventional completions. The advancement in reservoir monitoring technologies has significantly changed from monitoring saturations around wellbores to realtime monitoring reservoir fluid dynamics.
This presentation demonstrates the evolution of various upstream technologies and their applications. It also highlights the uniqueness of some applications, their implementation approach, and their potential impact on field development and production strategy.
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If you’re interested in learning more about the cutting-edge subjects of data mining and predictive analytics in oil and gas, tonight’s reception to launch the new SPE technical section Petroleum Data- Driven Analytics (PD2A) might be just what you’re looking for. It will be held from 1930 to 2200 at the Iron Cactus Grill on the San Antonio Riverwalk. Speakers include Matthew Denesuk, manager of natural resources modeling and social analytics, IBM Research Partner, IBM Venture Capital Group, and Fareed AlSayed Abdulla, SPE Regional Director, Middle East Region, and senior vice president (Bab & Gas) of Abu Dhabi Onshore Oil Operations.
Abdulla said he is delighted with the launching of the PD2A Technical Section. “The appropriate use of data has been historically one of the greatest challenges of our industry,” he said. “Now more than ever.”
“Our industry acquires and generates an extraordinary amount of data every day,” he said. “On its own, the task of handling and warehousing this data safely is significant. Even so, data in and of itself has limited value. Only when we use that data and turn it into information and knowledge can we benefit from it.”
“Paradoxically,” he continued, “the very process of converting data into knowledge generates its own data—or metadata—that must also be analyzed, classified, and understood to yield further insight.”
Converting Data to Wisdom
Including 3D and 4D seismic data generated during exploration and data generated every second from thousands of sensors during drilling and operations, the oil and gas industry is accumulating enormous amounts of data. The challenge is converting these data into insights that can be used in decision-making, perhaps even in some cases reaching a point at which decision-making can be fully automated.
The following are examples that illustrate the breadth of the opportunity PD2A technology has to impact E&P decision-making processes:
Drilling and Completions—Data mining, neural networks, and expert systems can use data captured during drilling to oversee the drilling operation in real time, detect potential issues, alarm and provide potential solutions, or even take corrective action.
Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility—Surrogate models can be used to study air pollution and water pollution dispersion patterns. The application of such technologies will help in predicting loss of containment of hydrocarbons and potential impact on the environment.
Management and Information— Data mining, artificial intelligence, and surrogate models can be used to optimize how water injection is distributed in a waterflooded reservoir. This is a key factor in maximizing the value of waterflooding in upstream operations.
Projects, Facilities, and Construction—Intelligent algorithms using simple models can be used to optimize the size of facilities, taking into account the full field development life cycle.
Production and Operations—Making no assumptions about the complex physics or the geology of a field, large quantities of easily obtained production and operational data can be used to identify wells that are candidates for intervention, using diagnostic and prognostic capabilities that indicate the health of the well or facility.
Reservoir Description and Dynamics—Production data can be used to develop full-field reservoir models to identify production and injection infill locations faster and complement existing reservoir modeling to reduce uncertainty in model results.
PD2A’s Auspicious Launch
According to the PD2A Technical Section chairperson, Shawn Shirzadi, program manager for the Data Analytics Program in Field of the Future Flagship at BP, the launch is an auspicious occasion. “This is the first time the technical section has been introduced widely to SPE members,” he said.
It could be an opportunity to become involved in an important wave of the future—PD2A—whose mission is “To foster the application of data-driven modeling, data mining, and predictive analytics research, development, and practices in upstream oil and gas, resulting in improved decision-making in our industry.”
In addition, one could join in furthering PD2A’s purpose. “The purpose of this section shall be to facilitate the development and implementation of this emerging technology by ensuring it is appropriately represented across all technical disciplines in the society’s activities, including Advanced Technology Workshops, Forum Series events, Distinguished Lecturer program, and conference technical sessions. Key objectives also include liaising with others in the oil field and promoting activities in SPE publications. The section will support initiatives to communicate the technology, standardize its nomenclature, and help define its value proposition. In addition, the section will identify lessons learned and best practices associated with the accelerated uptake of ‘Data to Action’ and, if appropriate, facilitate the development of standards.”
William J. Haskett, Decision Strategies, Houston, Texas, USA
More than any other individual, Bill Haskett has taught the oil and gas industry how to validly evaluate the economic potential of unconventional plays. He continues to be one of the noted thought leaders in efficient/valid assessment of plays, the creation and protection of competitive advantage, and the development of robust business strategies for domestic and international opportunities.
Please join SPE in congratulating the 2012 SPE International Award recipients. The SPE Board of Directors approved the 2012 International Award recipients at their recent meeting. Seventeen international award committees recommended these winners to the board because of their outstanding and significant technical, professional, and service contributions to SPE and the petroleum industry. The winners were chosen from a pool of first rate candidates. SPE President Ganesh Thakur will present the awards to the winners at ATCE in San Antonio Texas.
Management and Information Award
William J. Haskett, Decision Strategies, Houston, Texas, USA
Charles F. Rand Memorial Gold Medal
Claudio Descalzi, ENI, San Donato Milanese, Italy
When: 8 October 2012 | 1930 – 2200
Where: Iron Cactus Grill, San Antonio, Texas, USA
You are invited to join us for a reception to launch the NEW SPE Technical Section, Petroleum Data-Driven Analytics (PD2A), whose aim is to foster the application of data-driven modeling, data mining and predictive analytics in the upstream oil and gas industry.
This is the place to learn about this forward-thinking, exciting group and network with key decision makers in the E&P industry. Space is limited, so if you are not already a member, join the Technical Section and email your RSVP to email@example.com today!
Please submit your name and number of guests attending to be added to the guest list. (Note: Limit of two guests per Technical Section member.)
RSVP by 1 October.
“Geology drives technology,” and “the best solutions are multidisciplinary.”
Understanding the best way to develop an unconventional reservoir requires an
understanding of the rocks and a close interaction between the geosciences and engineering.
Without this base understanding and creative tension, unlocking the full
potential of any play will not be achieved. Some of the greatest results in my career
have come when working in a cross-functional team where all members were sufficiently
aware of the geology to then apply the most appropriate technology for extraction.
Interaction was open, robust, and balanced, and amazing results were produced.
The most successful field developments that are being proposed today in unconventional
gas use this model. For example, horizontal wells with multistaged stimulation
that use image logs to identify and target existing rock fabrics highlight the close
working relationship between drilling, geology, stimulation, and geomechanics.
“Geology drives technology,” and “the best solutions are multidisciplinary”—
this has never been more true than when developing and appraising on the challenging
Read the paper synopses in the July 2012 issue of JPT.
Simon Chipperfield, SPE, is team leader of central gas exploitation at Santos. During the past 15 years, he has held positions in petroleum engineering (drilling, completions, and stimulation) and reservoir engineering. Chipperfield previously worked for Shell International E&P. He was awarded the 2007 SPE Cedric K. Ferguson Medal. Chipperfield has authored more than 20 technical publications in the areas of hydraulic fracturing, reservoir engineering, completion technology, and sand control. He holds a petroleum engineering degree with honors from the University of New South Wales. Chipperfield serves on the JPT Editorial Committee and the SPE International Awards Committee and has served as a reviewer for the SPE Production & Operations journal.
No word defines deepwater projects better than “innovation,” and on 25 February 2012, one of the most innovative field-development projects came on stream: Cas- cade and Chinook (C&C) in the US Gulf of Mexico (GOM). One well is producing from Cascade to the first floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel in the US GOM. The project brings several firsts and innovations that will be available to the entire oil industry in the near future. I would like to call attention to some of those innovations. First, the FPSO uses a detachable buoy that allows early installation of the buoy and all umbilicals before arrival of the FPSO. This feature will allow the FPSO to disconnect and sail away from hurricanes, avoiding damages to the facilities. C&C also presents the first freestanding riser in the US GOM. Subsea boosting will increase production and reduce workover costs. These examples are just a few that show inno- vation applied to a deepwater development. I believe strongly that C&C will lead the way for future development of Lower Tertiary plays in the GOM.
I selected one paper for this feature that describes the planning, logistics, and technology of the two largest deepwater high-pressure perforation jobs executed suc- cessfully in the GOM; certainly, this provides very interesting reading if your company is in the Tertiary play or is planning to be.
Drilling management in deep water has always been a great challenge because of several constraints, including high cost; well engineering (exploratory wells); logistics (remote locations); health, safety, and environmental (local and international laws); licenses; and personnel management. One of the papers presents a very objective and clear explanation of the well-management process, describing the design methodolo- gy and the well-execution procedures used by Petrobras International in a remote and challenging area. This methodology can be applied to any well and could bring huge benefits for any drilling operation.
Are you lost in a “cloud” of drilling data? You are not the only one! Drilling-data management is one of the biggest challenges in our industry today. One of the feature papers presents solutions, gives examples, and shows the benefits of a correct use of drilling data.
Enjoy your reading.
Read the paper synopses in the May 2012 issue of JPT.
Jacques Braile Saliés, SPE, is the Drilling Manager of Queiroz
Galvão E&P. His 30-year career at Petrobras included various engineering and management positions in E&P: coordination of the Petrobras Technological Program on Ultradeepwater Exploitation Systems— PROCAP 3000, drilling manager for Petrobras America, and well operation manager for Petrobras International. Saliés holds a BS degree in mechanical engineering from the Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil, an MS degree in petroleum engineering from the Federal University of Ouro Petro, Brazil; and a PhD degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Tulsa. He has authored or coauthored several papers on drilling and subsea technology. Saliés served several terms on the SPE Board of Directors for the Brazil Section and serves on the JPT Editorial Committee.
i-field™ Programs Enable Operational Excellence in a Challenging Environment–Pushing the Limits of Large Data Transfer for Real-Time Monitoring and Surveillance Operations in San Joaquin Valley.
Andrei Popa, SPE, and Steve Cassidy, SPE, Chevron Corporation
Proactive Indicators To Control Risks in Operations of Oil and Gas Fields
S.O. Johnsen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology and SINTEF, E. Okstad, SINTEF, Andreas L. Aas, JBV, and T. Skramstad, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Intelligent Exploration and Appraisal Program for a Multiprospect Development
Pierre Delfiner, SPE, PetroDecisions
Regulated Self-Regulation or External Control? Effects of Different Legislative Approaches in the Petroleum Sector in Norway and Brazil
Celma Regina Hellebust, Hellebust International Consultant, and Geir Sverre Braut, SPE, Norwegian Board of Health Supervision and Stord/Haugesund University College
Using the SPE/WPC/AAPG/SPEE/SEG PRMS To Evaluate Unconventional Resources
Phillip Chan, SPE, Chance Petroleum Limited; John R. Etherington, SPE, PRA International; and Roberto Aguilera, SPE, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary
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