Waterflooding Concepts, Design Prediction and Optimization

Reservoir Descriptions and Dynamics


This course reviews the characteristics of petroleum reservoirs and ways that injected fluids affect the success of waterfloods. Managing waterfloods is an optimization process. There are opportunities, for example, to improve well placements and completions to better manager voidage and replacement, and to use additives for extending the ultimate recovery. These and other possibilities should be addressed before and during the flood. Hands-on classroom exercises will focus on ways to troubleshoot problems relating to the reservoir, wellbore or surface facilities.

Topics include:

  • The various sources of data, measurement techniques, and their cost-effectiveness
  • Analyze of the performance of actual waterfloods.

At the end of this course participants should:

  • Have learned shortcuts for predicting the effectiveness of Waterfloods, and chemical methods for enhancing them.

Learning Level


Course Length

1 Day

Why Attend?

Waterflooding is one of the most basic techniques for secondary recovery, yet conducting the most efficient and effective water flood is tricky business.

Who Should Attend

This course is for reservoir engineers, geologists, production engineers and asset managers who want to improve their understanding of waterflooding.


The SPE online bookstore has titles that cover the topic of waterflooding concepts, design prediction and optimisation topic. SPE members get a discount on all purchases.


0.8 CEUs (Continuing Education Units) awarded for this 1-day course.



Iraj Ershaghi is the Omar B. Milligan professor and director of the petroleum engineering program at USC. He is also serving as the executive director of the Center for Smart Oilfield Technologies at USC. Prior to joining the faculty at USC in 1972, he worked for AGIP-SIRIP, Signal Oil and Gas Company and California State Lands Commission. His areas of research and publications are reservoir characterization, well testing, and improved recovery processes.

Ershaghi is a recipient of numerous awards from SPE including Honorary Member, Distinguished Faculty, Distinguished Member, Western North America Distinguished Service, Technology Transfer Award for Development of the Smart Oilfield Technology Curriculum, and Western Regional North America Reservoir Description and Dynamics. He served as an SPE Distinguished Lecturer during 2006–2007. As a fellow of Institute for Advancement of Engineering, he received the Outstanding Educator Award of American Association for Advancement of Engineering and the Outstanding Educator Award of Orange County Council of Engineers and Scientists.

Ershaghi is a registered engineer, has a BS degree in petroleum engineering from University of Tehran, and an MS and a PhD in petroleum engineering from University of Southern California.