Waterflooding: Performance Predictions and Surveillance

Reservoir Descriptions and Dynamics


This course combines geology, rock and fluid properties, and immiscible displacement theory to develop waterflooding prediction techniques and to aid in the evaluation of actual waterflood performance behavior. Procedures for analyzing oil and water production rates, water injection rates, and recovery efficiency are presented. Impact of primary depletion on waterflood recovery is covered. Selection of waterflood patterns (regular, irregular, peripheral), prediction of sweep efficiency (areal, vertical, and displacement), and an analysis of other variables that control recovery efficiency are discussed in detail.

Topics Include:

  • Production plots
  • Injection profile testing
  • WOR analysis
  • VRR determination and significance
  • Floodable pore volume versus primary depletion pore volume
  • Characteristics of an analogue flood

Learning Objectives: 

  • Identify and understand the key reservoir and operational factors impacting a water injection project 
  • Understand the principle differences for injecting water as a pressure maintenance fluid versus injection for waterflooding 
  • Learn the benefits of pattern (versus random or peripheral) injection and understand pattern balancing 
  • Understand the benefits and shortcomings of various production plots 
  • Learn many waterflood industry “best practices” 
  • Is this currently or was it originally a good waterflood project? 
  • Can this mature waterflood be improved or should we pull the plug? 

Learning Level


Course Length

5 Days

Why Attend?

Add value to a waterflood injection projects by better identifying and understanding the key reservoir and operation factors impacting a project. Participants will leave the session knowing ‘best practices’ in waterflooding and when to move forward with a project by taking real world experiences and applying them in the field.

Who Should Attend

This course is designed for any production or operations staff, engineer or geologist involved in, or who will soon be involved in, water injection.


4.0 (Continuining Education Credits) awarded for this 5-day course.

Cancellation Policy

To receive a full refund, all cancellations must be received in writing no later than 14 days prior to the course start date. Cancellations made after the 14-day window will not be refunded. Send cancellation requests by email to trainingcourses@spe.org; by fax to +1.866.460.3032 (US) or +1.972.852.9292 (outside US); or mail to SPE Registration, PO Box 833836, Richardson, TX 75083.


Dr. William Cobb

William M. (Bill) Cobb is a petroleum engineering consultant who specializes in waterflooding, pressure transient analysis, and property management. Cobb has over 40 years of experience in the petroleum industry including research, staff, and district position for Arco Oil and Gas. He has hands-on experience in the design, implementation, surveillance, and management of waterfloods in various areas of North America as well as Australia, Africa, the Middle East, the North Sea, South America, and Southeast Asia. He headed oil and gas operations for Cornell Oil Company, an independent oil and gas company. Cobb was the 2008 president of SPE and served as a member of the SPE Board of Directors for more than seven years. For more than 28 years, he directed a petroleum consulting firm in Dallas.

Cobb received BS and MS degrees from Mississippi State University and a PhD from Stanford University, all in petroleum engineering. He is currently an adjunct professor of petroleum engineering at Texas A&M University.