The shale revolution made water management for hydraulic fracturing a hot topic in the US. Hydraulic fracturing to extract shale oil and gas requires large quantities of water and produces a sizeable amount of flowback. Water sourcing, handling, and disposal represent significant parts of the operating costs in these operations. US shale operators are continually evolving their water management practices to optimize water use and costs.
Many environmental, sustainability, and legislative issues are associated with water handling for hydraulic fracturing. This article provides an overview of some of the main trends and issues related to water management for tight oil and gas.
Driven by the development in shale or tight oil, US crude oil production will average 10.6 million B/D in 2018, which would make it the highest-ever annual average production level. The US Energy Information Administration’s recently released Annual Energy Outlook 2018 projects that US tight oil will account for about 65% of cumulative domestic production in the reference case over the projection period of 2017 to 2050.
Over the last decade, advances in multistage hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling coupled with the high oil prices at the time led to the US shale revolution. The shale drilling boom and hydraulic fracturing made water management issues a complex and expensive aspect of these operations.
Hydraulic fracturing is a completion operation in which a hydraulic fluid is pumped down a well under pressure high enough to exceed the formation fraction gradient to create fractures through which oil or gas can flow into the well bore.
Read the full story here.
Don't miss our latest HSE content, delivered to your inbox twice monthly. Sign up for the HSE Now newsletter. If you are not logged in, you will receive a confirmation email that you will need to click on to confirm you want to receive the newsletter.
8 - 9 Oct 2018
- Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Well integrity is often managed as part of the asset’s lifecycle production and maintenance. But ageing wells pose new challenges. Learn how to manage integrity sustainably.
11 Nov 2018
- Abu Dhabi, UAE
Training course by Dr. Kamel Ben-Naceur
17 Sep 2018
- Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Training course -- Plan to attend!
18 - 19 Sep 2018
- Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Regulatory pressure and public perception are driving a significant focus on wellbore abandonments. Complications arise when there are integrity issues that require remediation. Explore new techniques for resolving these issues.
24 - 26 Sep 2018
- Dallas, Texas USA
Be part of SPE's annual conference for great papers, networking, training, award presentations and so much more. Register today!
HSE Now is a source for news and technical information affecting the health, safety, security, environment, and social responsibility discipline of the upstream oil and gas industry.
©2003-2018 Society of Petroleum Engineers, All Rights Reserved.