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Integrated Well-Test Strategy in Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs

Tight gas reservoirs and shale gas reservoirs are economically viable hydrocarbon prospects that have proved to be successful in North America. In such reservoirs, established methods of well testing and data analysis are often impractical. This paper presents an integrated well-test program developed for a tight gas reservoir in southwestern China. The program, designed and modified from conventional methods to meet the project-delivery timeline and cost constraints, makes use of a combination of various formation-evaluation techniques.

Introduction

The northwestern and central areas of the Sichuan basin have been identified as having basin-centered gas potential. In particular, there are several blocky sand intervals in the Late Triassic Xujiahe formation that contain a relatively immature, continuous gas accumulation. The tight-gas-reservoir project described in this paper is located in the central uplift area of this basin and is operated by Shell and PetroChina as a joint venture. In this tight gas block, the Xujiahe formation has a gross thickness of greater than 500 m and is found at 3000- to 4000-m drilling depth. The hydrocarbon system in the block is an overpressured section of tight gas sands that are sourced by imbedded and surrounding shales and coals. Gas and condensate can be produced from this objective section through massive multistage hydraulic-fracturing treatments.

This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper IPTC 16950, “Integrated Well-Test Strategy in Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs: Learning and Experiences From an Actual Field Project,” by Minquan Jin, SPE, Shell Exploration & Production; Wenxia Zhang, SPE, Shell China Exploration and Production; and Hongli Zhang, PetroChina Southwest, prepared for the 2013 International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, 26–28 March. The paper has not been peer reviewed. Copyright 2013 International Petroleum Technology Conference. Reproduced by permission.
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Integrated Well-Test Strategy in Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs

01 February 2014

Volume: 66 | Issue: 2

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