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Nanotechnology Applications for Challenges in Egypt

Precise manipulation and control of matter at dimensions of 1–100 nm have transformed many industries including the oil and gas industry. Nanosensors enhance the resolution of subsurface imaging, leading to advanced field-characterization techniques. Nanotechnology could greatly enhance oil recovery by use of molecular modification and by manipulating interfacial characteristics. Egypt’s oil consumption has grown by more than 30% in the past 10 years. Hydrocarbon reserves in Egypt have increased 5%/year over the past 7 years, while the average recovery factor remains at 35%. Nanotechnology is key to solving this production/consumption imbalance.

Introduction

Nanotechnology is the use of very small pieces of material, with dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nm, by themselves or by manipulation to create new larger-scale materials with unique phenomena enabling novel applications. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter—a distance equal to two to twenty atoms laid down next to each other (depending on the type of atom).

Nanotechnology refers to manipulating the structure of matter on a length scale of nanometers, interpreted at different times as meaning anything from 0.1 nm (controlling the arrangement of individual atoms) to 100 nm or more. Fig. 1 compares the scale of various items referenced to a nanometer.

This article, written by Dennis Denney, contains highlights of paper SPE 164716, “Applications of Nanotechnology in the Oil and Gas Industry: Latest Trends Worldwide and Future Challenges in Egypt,” by Abdelrahman Ibrahim El-Diasty, SPE, and Adel M. Salem Ragab, American University in Cairo and Suez University, prepared for the 2013 North Africa Technical Conference & Exhibition, Cairo, 15–17 April. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Nanotechnology Applications for Challenges in Egypt

01 February 2014

Volume: 66 | Issue: 2

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