Cyclic Steam Stimulation Results in High Water Retention for Kuwaiti Heavy-Oil Field

Fig. 1—Temperature survey of Well 1.

Cyclic steam stimulation (CSS) is one of the principal enhanced-oil-recovery methods for heavy oil. CSS was performed in some of the wells of a heavy-oil field in Kuwait. Multiple cycles were applied in these wells. However, the total water produced in each cycle was much less than expected. This paper presents experiments that were conducted to find possible reasons for the high water retention.

Hysteresis in CSS

Hysteresis in drainage and imbibition nonwetting-phase capillary pressure and relative permeability curves is an established phenomenon. Hysteresis of capillary pressure and relative permeability to water has a great effect on heavy-oil recovery and producing water/oil ratios (WORs) during cyclic steam stimulation. Produced WOR calculated without considering hysteresis will be unrealistically high relative to that observed in the fields.

This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper SPE 184154, “High Water Retention in Cyclic-Steam-Stimulation Wells of Kuwait Heavy-Oil Field,” by Anil Kumar Jain, Amal Al-Sane, and Fatma Ahmad, Kuwait Oil Company, prepared for the 2016 SPE International Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Mangaf, Kuwait, 6–8 December. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Cyclic Steam Stimulation Results in High Water Retention for Kuwaiti Heavy-Oil Field

01 March 2018

Volume: 70 | Issue: 3

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