Coiled-tubing drilling (CTD) was a very active area of operations years ago, but it seems to have gone through a lull recently, certainly in terms of active geographic areas. However, if the papers presented at the SPE/ICoTA Coiled Tubing and Well Intervention Conference and Exhibition this March are anything to judge by, then CTD seems to be regaining some interest in the broader market.
The application of CTD in the papers featured in this issue and in the recommended additional reading highlight its use in more niche areas.
Paper SPE 189904 details the use of CTD to access marginal and bypassed reserves. Although the fields may be marginal, the effect within the US is not. As stated in the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission’s 2012 report, “The hypothetical elimination of $30.8 billion in marginal oil and natural gas production in 2012 would trigger an estimated direct loss of 95,442 jobs and $4.62 billion in earnings within the oil and natural gas industry.” Accessing these potential resources spawned several projects sponsored by the US Department of Energy in the mid-1990s.
A well re-entry and sidetrack CTD operation in New Zealand is reviewed in paper SPE 189930. A niche CTD application in Australia is explored in paper SPE 189918, which revisits the placement of the coiled-tubing reel directly above the injector, with some new, unique features.
Another operational area that is enjoying a continued level of high activity is milling with coiled tubing. This is being combined increasingly with real-time downhole telemetry made available at surface. Real-time communication with coiled-tubing bottomhole assemblies has enabled engineers and operations personnel to evaluate and optimize milling through increased understanding and interpretation of data streams. Papers SPE 189910 and SPE 189942 both detail such applications, each using differing telemetry methods.
In the oil and gas industry in general, a considerable focus is being placed on well abandonment and its associated cost, especially offshore. Around the globe, well operators are developing alternatives to using traditional rigs, and, in many instances, coiled tubing is being used to perform partial or full well plugging. Alternative well-plugging materials and methods continue to be developed that could be used with coiled tubing. A 13-well, 10-month campaign of well abandonment in Norway is reviewed in paper SPE 189956.
This Month's Technical Papers
Recommended Additional Reading
SPE 189918 The Coiled-Tubing-Drilling Rig for Mineral Exploration by S. Soe, Deep Exploration Technologies Cooperative Research Centre, et al.
SPE 189930 Coiled-Tubing Drilling: Case Study, New Zealand by Soheil Kariminejad, Tag Oil, et al.
SPE 189942 First Time Coiled-Tubing Milling in 7-in.-Monobore Gas Well Using Downhole Real-Time Measurements by W.R. Tapia, Schlumberger, et al.
Alex Crabtree, SPE, Consultant
01 June 2018
Big Data vs. Diverse Data: Confidential Databases Lack Performance Benchmarks
A study by a real-time monitoring company showed that many coiled-tubing strings are retired with a lot of life left in them. It suggested companies could lower costs by using pipe for a longer time, and could benefit by multi-company studies showing how their decisions compare to the competition.
The coiled-tubing (CT) industry, like other well-intervention segments, has applied lean philosophies to some aspects of its management, operations, processes, and equipment. When it comes to CT application to specific in-well operations, no two wells are the same.
Factory-Model Approach Improves Performance of Coiled-Tubing Drillout
This paper presents a factory-model approach to improving CT drillout performance that has been used successfully for more than 3 years and has become standard practice.
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