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Best Practices for Waterflooding Optimization Improve Oil Recovery in Mature Fields

Most mature sandstone reservoirs feature natural aquifer drive, artificial water drive, or a combination of the two. These mature fields generally are characterized by high water cut and high recovery efficiency. This paper presents technologies and best practices to improve oil recovery in mature fields through waterflooding optimization. These technologies have proved practical and cost-effective.

Introduction

Although chemical enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) technologies such as polymer flood and alkali/surfactant/polymer (ASP) flood can improve oil recovery by 10 and 20%, for waterflooded sandstone reservoirs, respectively, they are expensive and are not applicable in most mature fields at a low oil price. A major problem for waterflooded fields is that, with increased water/oil ratio (WOR), the cost of processing produced fluid soars to exceed the breakeven mark. As a result, many wells are forced to be shut in; in some instances, the entire field may be suspended.

Waterflooding-Optimization Methods

The technologies discussed in this section are effective generally for multilayer, heterogeneous sandstone reservoirs with high permeability contrast.

This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper SPE 186431, “Waterflooding Optimization: A Pragmatic and Cost-Effective Approach To Improve Oil Recovery From Mature Fields,” by X.G. Lu, SPE, and J. Xu, C&C Reservoirs, prepared for the 2017 SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Bali, Indonesia, 17–19 October. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Best Practices for Waterflooding Optimization Improve Oil Recovery in Mature Fields

01 January 2019

Volume: 71 | Issue: 1

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