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Analysis Quality Determines Value of Diagnostic Fracture Injection Tests

Diagnostic fracture injection tests (DFITs) incur direct and indirect costs resulting from the tests themselves and the extended time required for the pressure falloff, which delays the completion of the well. The benefits, therefore, must outweigh the costs if the test is to be justified. These tests are performed regularly around the world because a DFIT is one of only a few processes that can help quantify both geomechanical properties and reservoir-performance drivers within the same test.

Introduction

Operators and service providers commonly experience problems with DFIT execution and analysis despite efforts to reduce errors and inconsistencies. Before any field execution or analysis, the objectives of a DFIT must be considered. Historically, DFITs were performed predominantly for the purpose of designing better full-scale hydraulic-fracture treatments with early-time measurements of initial shut-in pressure, leakoff coefficient, and fracture closure having priority over reservoir parameters such as permeability and pore pressure. Increasingly, practitioners are using DFITs to measure reservoir parameters such as initial pressure and permeability. While, in many cases, these parameters may be obtained from a single successful test, other situations have time constraints or rock and reservoir properties that constrain operations to a point where priorities must be set. While leakoff and closure values are determined early in the DFIT shut-in period, reservoir pressure and permeability are derived from late-time measurements that may require longer falloff times.

This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper SPE 191458, “Good Tests Cost Money, Bad Tests Cost More: A Critical Review of DFIT and Analysis Gone Wrong,” by R.V. Hawkes, SPE, Trican Well Service; R. Bachman, SPE, CGG; K. Nicholson, Perpetual Energy; D.D. Cramer, SPE, ConocoPhillips; and S.T. Chipperfield, SPE, Santos, prepared for the 2018 SPE International Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, Muscat, Oman, 16–18 October. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Analysis Quality Determines Value of Diagnostic Fracture Injection Tests

01 February 2019

Volume: 71 | Issue: 2

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