Improved Paraffin-Deposition-Profile Estimation in Hydrocarbon Pipelines and Effective Mitigation Review
Flow of paraffinic hydrocarbon liquids within extended pipeline networks or wells, where the environment/bulk temperature is below the cloud point or wax-appearance temperature (WAT), could result in precipitation of wax from the bulk fluid. Precipitated wax crystals from crudes deposits on the inner pipe wall could lead to reduced flow area or even complete blockage and could present a costly problem in the production and transportation of petroleum products. Timely removal of such deposits is extremely important to avoid associated problems.
This paper illustrates a numerical approach to estimate the deposition profile and its effect on flow-related parameters. Later, the procedure is validated with field data from a North Sea offshore production facility. This paper also seeks to propose a feasible solution to avoid such flow-assurance issues; in doing so, current commonly practiced reduction and preventive methods are reviewed. Previously, providing thermal insulation with aerogel foam had proved to be the most effective option in preventing wax from precipitating. A relatively new approach is discussed in this paper, which allows for minimizing the usage of insulation material in an attempt to reduce the implementation cost of the proposed precaution. Theoretical implementation of the procedure was also conducted to identify its effectiveness, which was later found to be elimination of the deposition completely.
Subsea 7 Completes Acquisition of Siem Offshore Contractors
Subsea 7 completed the acquisition of Siem Offshore Contractors along with a cable-lay vessel and a support vessel.
Cyberattack Temporarily Takes Down Energy Transfer’s Electronic Data Interchange
A cyberattack on a third-party provider of an electronic data interchange platform temporarily interrupted Energy Transfer Partners’ ability to transfer files with its customers.
Corinth Secures Subsea 7 Contracts for Aker BP Subsea Tiebacks
The steel pipe manufacturer agrees to deliver outer pipes for pipe-in-pipe flowlines for a pair of recently-announced Aker BP projects in the Norwegian Sea.
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07 May 2018