Considerations for the Application of Controlled In-Situ Burning
The burning of oil in place (in situ) on water is a viable means of mitigating the impact of marine oil spills. This paper defines three phases of decision-making, prioritizes the key issues of each phase, and proposes a process for analyzing the issues when considering controlled in-situ burning as an early response option in both icy and warm conditions. Also provided is a fact-based consideration of safe practices, such as those involving potential personnel exposure, sealife exposure, ignition control, fire control, and vessel safety. Controlled in-situ burning (ISB) can be initiated on a pre-approved or case-by-case basis, and there is generally a short operational time window during which it can be effectively used; therefore, quick, informed decision-making is imperative. This paper provides a discussion of these factors, along with a knowledge base of best practices that includes general categories of considerations, decision-making support tools, and specific operational approaches. The Deepwater Horizon response is used to illustrate both the operational approaches and the three decision-making phases; however, every situation is different and calls for decisions based on the individual circumstances. Because of its long history of research, testing, and use during spills, as well as positive environmental tradeoffs, controlled ISB is now considered by many to be a conventional response option.
GHGSat Readies Launch of Second Emissions-Monitoring Satellite
The new satellite will build on the success of the company's demonstration satellite Claire, which has performed over 2,500 observations of oil and gas facilities as well as other natural and industrial sources of carbon dioxide and methane.
UN Cautions Countries Eyeing Shale Development
A new report on shale gas from UNCTAD addresses the balance between providing affordable energy to developing countries and the agency’s climate change goals.
Program Aims To Slash Cost of Methane Sensor Systems
A US-government-sponsored program is putting new methane leak detection systems to the test with a goal of achieving functionality costs of $3,000/year/wellsite while hitting stringent performance criteria.
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