Polymer-Flood Produced-Water-Treatment Trials
Polymer-enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) operation has been implemented for the production of oil from difficult mature oil fields in Oman. The polymer used to sweep oil toward production wells in this EOR technique is resulting in the generation of polymer-flood produced water (PFPW) of increasing viscosity. Current methods of treating oilfield produced water must be reconsidered for the effective treatment of PFPW of such changing quality.
In a previous study, the use of polyaluminum chloride (PAC) was proposed for the coagulation of oil in produced water to be separated by flotation and filtration. As such, laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the applicability of PAC and other chemicals for treatment of PFPW with higher viscosity than ordinary oilfield-produced water. These tests indicated clearly that aluminum sulfate (AS) was more effective for treatment of such higher--viscosity water.
A pilot plant developed during the earlier study was used to conduct coagulation/flocculation-, flotation-, filtration-, and adsorption-treatment trials for PFPW from an oil field at which polymer EOR was under way. For the final trial, the inlet PFPW viscosity was 1.4 cp at 40°C and oil concentration was greater than 200 mg/L. AS was applied for the coagulation/flocculation and flotation stages, and was found to be effective in reducing oil concentration to 1 mg/L. Filtration and adsorption stages resulted in further improvement of water quality. Most of the polymer used for EOR was believed to have been removed along with oil and suspended solids.
Subsea High-Boosting Multiphase Pumps Increase Oil Recovery in Aging Field (Includes presentation slides)
Production from an offshore Angola field has been decreasing because of subsea pressure declines amid water-cut increases and limited gas compressor capacity. The development process leading to the selection of high-boosting multiphase pumps is described.
How Water Management for Shale Oil and Gas is Evolving
An overview of some of the trends and issues related to water management for tight oil and gas are discussed, including environmental, sustainability, and legislative issues associated with water handling for hydraulic fracturing.
Incorporating Reuse: The Next Frontier for Produced Water Management
As producers and third-party vendors navigate the logistical challenges of water management, the push toward greater reuse of produced water has gained steam. How close is the industry to 100% reuse?
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07 May 2018