The Unexpected Challenges in an FPSO Mooring Project
Delmar Systems was contracted to perform maintenance on the nine-leg, external turret mooring system of the FPSO Serpentina, a floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) vessel operating offshore Equatorial Guinea. The vessel is also the single point of export for the Jade and the Zafiro Producer facilities .
Robert Garrity, a chief engineer at Delmar Systems, explained that the FPSO Serpentina had been in production for about 10 years, so the mooring system was within its 15-year design life. The original plan was to change out the top chain, wire rope, and ground chain segments that were worn or damaged by corrosion.
He said a remotely operated vehicle inspection showed broken wire strands on four of the nine lines. In addition, there had been some chafing of the top chain segment of three lines, where the chain had rubbed against the vessel’s hull.
The damage to the spiral strand wire rope was attributed to corrosion. The damaged segments would be replaced with sheathed rope to extend its life. Other than that, the plan was to exchange “like-per-like.” In all, five of the lines would be replaced.
At that point, it seemed to be a routine project. But then, the ROV discovered something that was not routine.
There was evidence of significant trenching around the system’s suction pile anchors. The trenching was present in varying extents around all the nine pilings.
A sonar sweep revealed variations in the trenching ranging from 4 m to 7 m in depth, and from 25 m to 40 m in length. Six of the mooring lines had trenches that were within 3 m of the piles.
The trenching was believed to be caused by “high amplitude motion of the ground chain.” According to OTC paper 25449, the chains’ interaction with the seabed was observed by the ROV.
Considering that the piles were connected to the ground chain at a depth of 9 m, the observed trenching significantly reduced the holding capacity of the system.
The discovery dramatically changed the scope of the work. Instead of a like-per-like change out of five lines, Delmar would be redesigning and replacing the entire mooring system, including the anchors, while the FPU remained on station and on production.
Working with multiple contractors, the mooring system was replaced with off-the-shelf components in only 6 months.
RDS and Kavin Engineering Form Alliance To Design and Engineer Upstream and Midstream Projects
RDS, a KCA Deutag division, and Kavin Engineering and Services entered into a strategic alliance to jointly pursue design and engineering projects across the upstream and midstream oil and gas market. Last month, KCA Deutag agreed to form a joint venture with SOCAR.
New Regulations To Fast-Track Brazil FPSO Deployment, Boost Presalt Oil Production
New local content regulations could speed up the pace of presalt oil production by more than 21 billion bbl by the mid-2020s. Karoon and Parnaíba Gás Natural are the first companies to apply to change their contract terms. Petrobras, Shell, BP, ExxonMobil, Petrogal, and Anadarko are also interested.
Moving Away From Our “Eiffel Tower” Approach to Offshore Processing Equipment
We don’t include a structure like the Eiffel Tower with separators, pumps, and compressors on the top observation platform in an onshore development plan. And yet, how many jacket platforms are there around the world?
Don't miss out on the latest technology delivered to your email every two weeks. Sign up for the OGF newsletter. If you are not logged in, you will receive a confirmation email that you will need to click on to confirm you want to receive the newsletter.
01 August 2018
30 July 2018