TOPICS OF INTEREST
Ecological and Environmental Management During the Hail 3D Transition-Zone Survey: Safe Working Practices Within a UNESCO World-Biosphere Reserve
The Hail 3D transition-zone seismic survey carried out by ADNOC is located in a UNESCO world-biosphere reserve. Effective environmental and ecological management throughout the project was attained through working procedures and monitoring programs.
Macondo Contractor/Operator Gaps Identified by CSB
Various incidents that took place between Transocean, the owner of Deepwater Horizon, and BP, the company that leased the rig for use at Macondo, illustrate the gap between work-as-imagined in the drilling program and work-as-done by the well operations crew.
SPE-BSEE Data-Sharing Initiative Aims To Improve Risk Management
Various industry experts discussed the progress of an initiative led by SPE and BSEE to develop a safety data-sharing framework to help mitigate potential risk in operations.
Solid-Particles Flow Regimes in Air/Water Stratified Flow in a Horizontal Pipeline
The understanding of solid-particle flow regimes in pipelines for any operational conditions is important for identifying the nature of particle interaction and movement. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of solid-particle flow regimes in stratified flow in a horizontal pipeline is presented.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 2
In the first part of this series, the author explained why the current way of performing FEED does not allow minimization of costs by optimizing the design. In this article, he describes how the current contractual setup of the EPC also fails to minimize the costs of equipment/materials and works.
2017 Energy Outlook
As the debate continues about oil prices and supply and demand, the SPE Production and Facilities technical director examines data published by various organizations on the short- and long-term industry outlook.
Simple Rules in a Complex World
In this column, Howard Duhon examines different types of complexity theory.
Commercial GTL Project Opens in Southeast Texas
A recently opened plant in Wharton marks the first small-scale commercial gas-to-liquids project in the state of Texas.
Decreased Investment in Online Pipelines To Cause Lag in Installation at End of Decade
The downturn and lack of investment for new projects are likely to impact the onshore pipeline industry toward the end of the decade. But the long-term drivers for pipeline construction, notably the increased demand for gas in regions such as Asia, remain stable.
Case History of Dehydration-Technology Improvement for HCPF Production in the Daqing Oil Field
High-concentration polymer flooding can improve oil-displacement efficiency but separation of oil/water mixture becomes more difficult because of emulsification. In this work, a case history of dehydration technology for HCPF production and lab investigation of emulsion behaviors are reviewed.
Technip CEO: Industry Downturn Creates Opportunities for Innovation
Investment in digital technologies may increase project efficiency and reduce costs. However, Technip’s chief executive officer (CEO) said it is equally important to strengthen relationships with companies along the supply chain.
Field-Scale Testing Vital To Understanding Gas Hydrate Behavior
Replicating field conditions for flow assurance experiments at a reasonable cost often presents many challenges, particularly when it comes to designing an experiment with appropriately scaled geometry, an expert said.
GE CEO: Partnership With BP Among Highlights of Digital Initiatives
The oil and gas sector is an area primed for transformational development of its operations through new digital infrastructures, GE’s CEO said in an address to technological developers and company partners.
New EPA Regulations Issued To Curb Methane and VOC Emissions
The US EPA’s 2016 New Source Performance Standards updated the 2012 standards by adding requirements for the industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, specifically methane. The 2016 NSPS also covers hydraulically fractured oil wells and production, processing, transmission and storage activities.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 1
In this first of a two-part series, the author describes why the use of lump sum contracts for FEED services contract followed by an EPC contract does not fulfil the requirements to lower oil and gas facilities capex.
Studies Reveal Geological Faults, Stress Orientations in Texas, Oklahoma
Geophysicists from Stanford University have compiled a map of new maximum horizontal stress orientations in Texas and surrounding areas, potentially giving operators new information for avoiding seismic activity in their hydraulic fracturing operations.
WY DEQ: Hydraulic Fracturing Not Likely Culprit of Water Contamination
The Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality recently concluded that hydraulic fracturing operations were not the likely cause of well water contamination in a small town.
Consortium Tackles Decommissioning Inefficiencies
A team of oil and gas consultancy companies have formed a collaborative program aimed at offering integrated support for operators looking to retire redundant facilities without in-house overhead.
The Impact of Styles of Thinking and Cognitive Bias on How People Assess Risk and Make Real-World Decisions in Oil and Gas Operations
Awareness of the different styles of thinking can provide an understanding of the choices people make when assessing risk and making decisions. The purpose of this paper is to show how such knowledge can be operationalized and applied to real-world oil and gas operations.
World Offshore MMO Market: A Steady Return to Growth
Since the recent oil price downturn, the offshore MMO market has witnessed a significant decline in global expenditure. The most severe decline in total regional expenditure is anticipated to occur in North America, with modifications expenditure forecast to drop by 56% between 2014 and 2016.
New Report Predicts Lower IoT Spending Over 10-Year Period
A recently released report predicted that IoT networks will not take up as much of the overall market share as previously anticipated.
Gas Lift Use Grows in Permian
Unconventional production patterns in the Permian Basin are leading producers to replace electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) with gas lift, which had been little used there.
Three Key Principles To Solving Operational Flow Issues
When the underlying cause of flow-related issues on offshore projects is unknown, an expert said an investigation of fluid flow behavior based on an understanding of the first principles of flow assurance is necessary.
Bridging the Divide Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers
SPE Production and Facilities Technical Director Hisham Saadawi shares the discussion from the annual ATCE PFC dinner panel on the topic “Integration Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers: Crucial in an Era of Low Price Oil.”
A New Method To Detect Partial Blockage in Gas Pipelines
Natural-gas-infrastructure reliability is critical for the energy sector. When capitalizing on old pipelines to transport natural gas, operators run the risk of partial blockage. In this study, the authors develop a multirate test method to detect partial blockage in a gas pipeline.
Pressure-Minimization Method for Prediction of Two-Phase-Flow Splitting
Looped lines are used to reduce pressure drop and increase flow capacity, but information on the flow behavior or predictive methods are not available for these systems. Experiments at different flow conditions in a looped-lines system using different configurations are conducted in this study.
Savvy Separator Series: Taming Tower Carry-Over
Lessons learned in debottlenecking a “dirty” triethylene glycol contactor at the ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company’s LaBarge Black Canyon Facility in Wyoming, highlight the results of work performed in progressive steps between 2001 and 2004.
Efficiency, Innovation Needed for Sustainability Initiatives
As governments around the world seek to lower energy consumption in the wake of the low oil price environment, the 2016 SPE President said the industry must be proactive in ramping up its sustainability efforts.
China Shipyard Launches Liftboat, Contracts for Dive Support Vessel
Mekers Offshore, a Zhejiang-based company, launched its first in a series of liftboats at Shanghai Bestway Dajin Heavy Industries yard in Jiangsu, China.
Kashagan Adds to Global Glut With Quick Production Buildup
Kashagan crude reached the global markets. The world’s most expensive upstream project restarted production and about 195,000 barrels, produced during the startup process, were shipped for export.
Technical Report Focuses on Offshore E&P Safety-Related Data
The report was written by a steering committee of SMEs with industry input from an SPE summit as well as members from SPE online communities. It is based on discussions and conclusions from the summit and is intended to provide guidance on an industry-wide safety management data sharing program.
TOC Analysis of Waste Water: Practical for Continuous Monitoring
Three metrics that are used for monitoring organics in water are total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand, and biological oxygen demand. While less commonly used than the other two methods, TOC can offer practical advantages to operators.
AUVs Gain Momentum in Oil and Gas Operations
AUVs have evolved from an emerging technology with niche uses to a viable solution and an established part of operations in various marine sectors. Douglas-Westwood’s AUV Market Forecast considers the prospective demand for AUVs in the commercial, military and research sectors over the next 5 years.
Mining the Diamond From Data Improves Project Efficiency, Production
IoT has become a popular phrase in various industries. For upstream oil and gas operators, an IoT infrastructure may present an opportunity improve quality control on their projects, potentially reducing costs and increasing production.
A Critical Review of Alternative Desalination Technologies for Smart Waterflooding
Smart waterflooding by tuning injection-water salinity and ionic composition has gained attention in recent years. In this study, desalination technologies are reviewed with the objective to develop potential water-treatment solutions that can most efficiently alter injection-water chemistry.
Managing Experimental-Data Shortfalls for Fair Screening at Concept Selection: Case Study To Estimate How Acid-Gas Injection Affects Asphaltene-Precipitation Behavior
This paper focuses on a numerical-modeling analysis of the acid-gas-injection (AGI) scenario in carbonate HP/HT reservoirs, and presents the way in which AGI impacts asphaltene-precipitation behavior.
Full Life Cycle Approach Improves Water Management Economics
A look at a water management plan for developing shale assets in the Permian Basin encompassing the full life cycle of each field.
ATCE: Addressing Human Factors Can Make Megaprojects Work
Studies show that almost 65% of megaprojects fail to meet the performance goals established when the financial go-ahead was given. Operators can avoid costly pitfalls if they focus on addressing the human-related problems.
Level Design and Control in Gravity Separators
The Oil and Gas Facilities Savvy Separator series continues with its eighth article, this time on level settings and control in gravity separators.
Onshore Spending on the Cusp of Recovery
Douglas-Westwood’s quarterly World Oilfield Services Market Forecast and World Oilfield Equipment Market Forecast continue to suggest that 2016 marks the start of a barren period for the global oilfield services and oilfield equipment sectors, with onshore looking more positive than offshore.
Astronomy, Fiber-Optics Provide Blueprint for Data
Managing an unconventional asset requires the proper analysis of large amounts of data. How can unconventional asset operators utilize data processing technologies commonly used in other industries?
Safety Improvements in Unconventionals Require Situational Awareness
Past experiences with problematic situations often drive the decision-making process, and while experience may be helpful, it can also lead to the development of biases that hamper an organization’s ability to manage dynamic environments such as unconventional projects.
SPE Announces Realignment of Technical Disciplines
The SPE Board of Directors has realigned the Production & Operations and Projects, Facilities & Construction technical disciplines under one Technical Director.
Mooring Systems Reduce the Risk of Hurricane Damage to Offshore Drilling Units
How do mooring systems reduce risks of hurricane damage to mobile offshore drilling units?
Application of Plume-Cooling Technology To Solve a GTG Impingement Problem: A Case Study
The compact nature of offshore platforms makes the management of the exhaust from engines a concern from a health and safety standpoint. In this paper, the authors present a typical plume-impingement problem aboard an offshore platform and discuss the application of plume-cooling technology.
Applying Subsea Fluid-Processing Technologies for Deepwater Operations
Subsea processing is an evolving technology in ultradeepwater development and has the potential to unlock a significant amount of hydrocarbon resources. In this paper, the authors have reviewed the application of subsea systems in 12 deepwater fields and discussed the significance of each.
Cold Finger Method Effective at Testing Paraffin Inhibitors
A presentation from the 2016 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Technical Symposium examines a testing strategy to determine the effectiveness of paraffin inhibitors.
Safety for a Helicopter Load/Unload Operation on an Offshore Platform: Optimization From Several Viewpoints and the Psychological Aspects of the Marshaller
Helicopter operations are important in the offshore industry but accidents involving them can have fatal consequences. This paper focuses on risk mitigation during the loading/unloading task of a slickline/wireline job from various viewpoints, including the psychological aspects of the crew.
Deepwater Symposium: Sensors, Analytics Help Maintain Pipeline Integrity
At the 2016 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Technical Symposium in New Orleans, a presentation discussed the application of sensors and analytics in pipeline integrity management systems.
Bakken Pipeline Gets Final Go-Ahead From Feds
The Dakota Access Pipeline, which will connect the Bakken and Three Forks production areas, has received the regulatory go-ahead from the US Army Corps of Engineers.
Salvage Operations Ongoing at Grounded Semisub Off Isle of Lewis
Eight salvage experts have boarded the Transocean Winner, which ran agorund off the Isle of Lewis on 8 August.
Bayesian Networks Helpful in Shale Risk Management
By using a Bayesian network, a probabilistic graphical model, in their shale operations, companies might eliminate some of the hurdles they face in these areas, an expert said at the 2016 Unconventional Resources Technology Conference.
FLNG Outlook – Pioneering Export Facility Arrives; While Regasification Units Increase
Douglas Westwoods' world FLNG market forecast for the period 2016-2022. A stormy ride is expected for the LNG industry, as the fall in natural gas prices limits investment in capital-intensive liquefaction projects.
URTeC: New Strategies Needed To Maximize Produced Water Storage, Usage
At the 2016 Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, Barry Donaldson, vice president of global sales and marketing at Tetra Technologies, discussed possible cost-effective water management strategies.
McDermott and Nakilat-Keppel Marine Enter 5-Year Agreement in Qatar
McDermott and Nakilat-Keppel Offshore Marine (N-KOM) agreed to an exclusive cooperation agreement for offshore engineering, procurement, construction, and installation projects within Qatari waters.
Noble Jim Day Semisub Cold Stacked
The Noble Jim Day semisubmersible (left) arrived at Harbor Island in Port Aransas, Texas, on 29 July to be cold stacked.
DNV GL Opens Hazard Awareness Training Center
DNV’s new training center will run full-scale experiments for a joint industry project aimed at investigating cost-efficient explosion load descriptions for process areas.
Clear Plans, Designs Necessary for Effective Three-Phase Separation
Operators must take a more practical and less theoretical approach to the design and construction of three-phase separators, with an honest assessment of their separation needs.
Statoil: Subsea Compression Systems To Extend Field Life
A closer look at the design and construction of Statoil’s subsea gas compression systems in the Åsgard and Gullfaks fields, the first of their kind in the oil and gas industry.
The Savvy Separator Series: Introduction to CFD for Separator Design
Why should CFD be part of your separator design? CFD produces a wide range of emotions from abject fear, often involving flashbacks to university class and a dizzying array of partial-differential equations, to curiosity and even enthusiasm. This article’s goal is to allay those fears.
Underground Bacteria Generates H2S and Trips Control Panels
When panels in an instrument equipment shelter kept tripping and the occasional smell of H2S led to an investigation of the rationale. Although a rare occurrence, this paper presents a strategy for prevention through careful site selection.
CO2 Capture and Usage: Harnessing the CO2 Content in Natural Gas for Environmental and Economic Gains
The deployment of appropriate CO2-separation technologies for natural gas processing is viewed as an abatement measure toward global CO2-emissions reduction. Selection of the optimum technology requires special attentiion.
Book Summary and Commentary: The Price of Oil
In the Price of Oil, Roberto Aguilera and Marian Radetzki predict a dramatic increase in shale oil and other tight oil production from about 4 million BOPD today to as much as 40 million in 2035. This will have a limiting effect on oil price.
A Deeper Look At Modularization In Facilities Construction
As operators look to reduce the time and cost for projects, adopting a modular approach to facility design. While this approach may provide some benefits, it may not be the most efficient path.
Information Management Essential to Efficient Facilities
The amount of data within industry continues to grow. Information management is a significant challenge, but it provides an opportunity for improved project performance.
Mature Oilfield Facilities Enhancement: Use of Two-Screw Multiphase Pumps To Stimulate Increased Well Production
In maturing oil wells, oil production is often restricted as reservoir pressure depletes. Two case studies highlight the application of two-screw multiphase pump systems in to extend well life.
Decommissioning Market To Boom From 2016 to 2040
Many of the platforms in the North Sea are late in life, operating long past their initial design expectations due to costly life-extension work. Decommissioning has moved slowly, but the low price environment is likely to accelerate the trend.
How to Avoid Project Train Wrecks
Why do we as an industry do so poorly in executing large capital projects? Oil and gas is not alone. The many reasons for failure of megaprojects fall into five broad categories.
Underperforming Gas Scrubbers: How to Fix Them and How to Avoid Them
The main drivers for sizing gas scrubbers have been performance requirements, process conditions, and project specifications. However, optimizing cost, delivery times, and weight is not the same as improving scrubber performance.
Dialogue Takes Aim on Project Costs, Schedules
Panelists at CERAWeek discussed the numerous steps their companies are taking to achieve large-scale permanent, in addition to cyclical, capex reductions on major projects.
Efficient Water Management Strategies Could Help Lower Costs
As the cost to source, transport, store, treat, and dispose of water remains relatively high, water management programs will become a greater priority in the coming year.
Experimental Investigation of Three-Phase Low-Liquid-Loading Flow
An experimental study was conducted by use of a 6-in.-inner-diameter facility to analyze three-phase stratified wavy flow in horizontal pipelines.
The Effect of Shear on Produced Water Treatment
Sources and magnitude of shear, and the consequence on oil droplet size can have significant consequences for downstream separation equipment performance.
Training, Updated Procedures Essential to Cybersecurity Efforts
More than 45% of energy companies fell victim to at least one cyberattack in 2014, a higher percentage than in any other corporate sector. With constant hacking threats, companies must develop strong cybersecurity strategies.
Why Business Advice Is Often Bad Advice
Whether using internal expertise or outside consultants, projects and initiatives can go awry due to cultural issues and bad management advice. This can have implications for many aspects of a business, including process safety.
A "Normal" Accident -- The Loss of the RAF Nimrod XV230: A Failure of Leadership, Culture, and Priorities
Analyzing accidents can demonstrate how much they have in common with everyday operations. Business principles and sound engineering practices can be at odds.
Design of a Cyclonic-Jetting and Slurry-Transport System for Separators
Oil and gas wells often produce sand or solids with the well fluids. Despite exclusionary well designs, these solids can cause equipment failure, completion problems, or changes in production. This paper offers a way to remove solids in separators.
Finding New Ground in Subsea Integrity Management
Deepwater production has become more reliant on the integrity of subsea, umbilical, riser, and flowline (SURF) systems. A JIP explored cost-effective inspection and maintenance options.
Improved Models May Help Multiphase Flow Conditioning
In trying to reduce the footprint of facilities, operators often select the wrong piping components, hampering the performance. Selection of the right piping can avoid separation issues.
Optimized HSE Processes Central to Operational Risk Management Strategies
Change is constant in the oil and gas industry, bringing an increase in operational risk. As companies acquire and develop assets around the world, they must reduce their risk exposure by improving operational integrity.
19 October 2016
08 September 2016
23 September 2016
30 June 2016
ITEMS OF NOTE
13 January 2017
29 November 2016
10 November 2016
29 September 2016