TOPICS OF INTEREST
Subsea Processing: Asset Life Extension and Stranded Fields Development
Operators are increasingly using existing offshore infrastructure for asset life extension, and developing new marginal stranded fields rather than develop new large greenfields. Subsea processing is an enabling technology in this goal.
Benefits Outweigh Challenges of Boosting Water Infrastructure
Michael Dunkel, vice president for CH2M, believes water management for upstream will transform over the next few years. Effective water management is only possible with water infrastructure and there are many benefits for all the stakeholders to building the infrastructure.
Hierarchy Theory and the Sound of One Hand Clapping
Application of hierarchy theory helps in understanding complexity and is a tool that you should have in your engineering and management toolboxes.
Gas Hydrates: A Matter of Risk?
A BP flow assurance engineer discusses the shift in hydrate management strategy from complete avoidance to risk mitigation for an offshore dry tree facility.
In the Crosshairs: Cost Inefficiencies in North Sea Decommissioning
A panel of UK government officials and industry executives discuss opportunities to increase efficiency in North Sea decommissioning programs.
Compact, Efficient Heat Exchanger Based on Packed Beds of Nanoparticle-Doped Spheres
In this work, the authors demonstrate at a laboratory scale the possibility of using a radio-frequency heating system as a heat exchanger.
Nanotechnology for Oilfield Applications: Challenges and Effects
This paper presents a critical review of the recent literature to determine the status of research and development and field application of nanotechnology in the oil field.
Oil-Droplet Removal From Produced Water by Use of Nanoparticles
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is a promising way to remove dispersed oil from produced water. In this study, the authors investigated the optimal operating conditions for MNPs and the mechanisms of MNP/oil attachments and magnetic separation.
SwRI Adds New HP/HT Subsea Equipment and Systems Facility
Southwest Research Institute is adding a new facility to its capabilities in testing and evaluating subsea equipment and systems.
OTC: Risk-Based Cybersecurity Critical for Offshore Automation
A cybersecurity director outlines the steps needed to adopt a risk-based cybersecurity program. He cautions that in many cases, process control systems’ confidentiality is mistakenly viewed as a lower priority than IT systems’.
OTC: New Ideas Floated for UAVs, Beyond Inspections
AUVs aren’t limited to inspections and pipeline surveys. Deployment of a flotilla of AUVs to work on a project, and the communication among them, may someday lead to a subsea Internet of Things.
OTC: Collaboration Key to Mad Dog Operation
A panel of executives, project managers, and government regulators involved with the Mad Dog project in the US Gulf of Mexico discuss the importance of collaboration and strategic alignment in project development.
Sinopec Tests Separation Technology at FuLing Shale Site
OriginClear agreed to a sales licensing deal for use of its Electro Water Separation technology at a Sinopec-operated shale gas site.
Mapping the Western Canadian Crude Oil Market Complex
Canada will become the world’s fifth-largest producer of crude oil in 2017. The solvent-assisted-SAGD poses the largest advancement in production techniques in the oil sands, and if scaled up, could further reduce extraction costs.
Oilfield Services: How Much Consolidation is Yet To Come?
The recent upswing in M&As in the oilfield services sector may be a harbinger of more to come as operators push for capex and opex control.
Short-Cycle Projects Key to Surviving the Downturn
Short-cycle projects allow owners and operators to stay financially stable while preserving the production infrastructure and capacities needed to expand quickly when oil prices improve.
SPE Americas HSE Conference Begins With a Blast
The 2017 SPE Health, Safety, Security, and Social Responsibility Conference–North America started with a blast on 18 April and continued with a discussion of how the brain works and a brain-centric view of safety.
New Occupational Health Hazards Emerge in Unconventional E&P
A NIOSH hygienist examines emerging chemical exposure risks workers faced during drilling, completions, and servicing operations.
Offshore Production in the Gulf of Thailand
Oil and gas producers in the Gulf of Thailand face unique technical challenges. This review of papers illustrates some of the innovative solutions used in the region.
Spatial Analysis of Horizontal-Shale-Well Water Production in the Wattenberg Field
This paper analyzes water production from horizontal shale wells in five sections of the Wattenberg field in northeastern Colorado. Models were developed for these wells for future water-production prediction and a spatial analysis was also conducted.
Scrubber Design Requires a Balance of Criteria vs. Application
A senior process engineer from TechnipFMC discusses the ways in which inadequate design and sizing methodologies can lead to poor scrubber performance.
Want Great Soup? Focus on the Broth
The secret ingredient to good soup is good broth. In the same way, culture makes the difference between reliable high performance and mediocrity in an organization.
Thermal Regime Effect on Gas-Transport Lines in the Persian Gulf
Sea lines transporting gas in the Persian Gulf exhibit different thermal regimes in different regions. This study summarizes hydrate-inhibition practices for these sea lines, and indicates a possibility of using them as indirect thermometers to provide important physical oceanographic data.
Newfield Exploration to Build New Water Recycling Facility
Newfield Exploration broke ground on a water recycling facility in the Anadarko Basin in Oklahoma.
Symposium Examines Shifting Toward a Circular Economy
What is circular economy? A recent multisector symposium on sustainability explored the role of circular economy in bringing about a sustainable future.
Four Generations of Fire- and Blast-Resistant Walls on Offshore Installations
Four types of fire- and blast-resistant walls for offshore installations are assessed, including internal vs. external fire and blast walls.
Passive-Fire-Protection Optimization in Offshore Topside Structures
Applying sufficient passive fire protection (PFP) on topside structural-steel members is critical. Simplified and conservative approaches are available to estimate the extent and amount of PFP necessary.
Schlumberger Opens New Center of Excellence for Production Chemicals
A new purpose-built center offers cutting-edge research, formulation analysis, and testing in one location.
Three-Sided Passive Fire Protection on Steel-Beam Decks for Offshore Installations
This study presents an overview of the structural response and failure mechanism of three-sided protected beams and proposes design solutions.
SPE Kicks Off New Technical Section for Unmanned Systems
SPE’s newly launched technical section will provide a central hub for questions, answers, discussion, collaboration, and networking around unmanned systems for the oil and gas industry.
Hacking the Oil Field for Profit
Honeypots and pen testers. If these terms are unfamiliar, you’ll want to learn their roles in the safekeeping of critical evaluation and operational data in oil and gas activities, from the reservoir to the well pad to pipelines.
Quantifying Oil/Water Separation Performance in Three-Phase Separators—Part 1
This first article in a two-part series discusses a new methodology for sizing and rating three-phase separators that is based on quantifying the actual mechanisms and physics that govern performance in typically used equipment.
Decommissioning Expenditure in Western Europe To Top USD 100 Billion From 2017 to 2040
Western Europe is the first area outside of the US Gulf of Mexico to see large-scale decommissioning. Well decommissioning is forecast to account for the majority of the expenditure.
ROVs Used To Determine Macondo Flow Rates
An investigator from the US National Energy Technology Laboratory examines the role remotely operated vehicles played in flow rate estimation from the Macondo well.
IT/OT Convergence Plays Critical Role in Cybersecurity Protocol
Industry CIOs examine the challenges operators and service companies face in understanding cybersecurity threats.
On-Site Specialization Optimizes Eagle Ford Acreage
Sanchez Energy’s COO discusses the company’s project management strategies in its Eagle Ford operations.
Cooldown of Subsea Deadleg With a Cold Spot: Experimental and Numerical Heat-Transfer Analysis
Results of the experimental and numerical heat-transfer analysis conducted on a T-shaped acrylic-glass pipe, representing a production header in a subsea production system with a vertical deadleg.
Odor-Treatment Technology for Recovered Hydrocarbons From Oily Waste in a Thermal-Desorption Unit
Oily waste, is an intrinsic byproduct of the oil and gas industry and thermal desorption units with an odor-treatment system can bring technical and economic advantages to the user.
Vessel Contractors Reshape for the Rebound
As the offshore market downturn and bankruptcy take their toll among vessel contractors, industry consolidation and bargain vessel acquisitions take shape.
Managing the Effects of Sand Erosion
A look at techniques and technologies aimed at mitigating erosion issues from produced sand.
West Virginia Scraps Noise Regulations for Compressor Stations
As compressor stations are added to the natural gas gathering and transmission networks, the potential noise issues are coming under increasing public scrutiny at the same time as regulations are being rolled back.
Artificial Intelligence Poised To Change Industry Operations
A consultant examines the ways in which artificial intelligence and machine learning solutions may have a significant impact on industry operations.
The Importance of Inhibitor Analysis in Scale Management—An Overview
The accurate and precise analysis of scale inhibitors—in conjunction with other field data such as ion analysis, total suspended solids, and productivity index—plays an important role in making decisions about the efficiency of scale squeeze and continuous chemical injection treatments.
Oilfield-Corrosion-Failure Analysis: Lessons Learned From Pitting Morphologies
Identifying the type of corrosion is the first step in the analysis and prevention of corrosion-related failures. Visual inspection of the pit morphology can provide insights into the type of corrosion that is occurring.
Use of Preservation Chemicals Following Hydrostatic Testing of Pipelines
This paper considers some of the challenges and learnings associated with the application of chemicals for preservation of coated pipe/flowline for a major liquefied-natural-gas (LNG) project in Australia.
Bakken Sees Uptick in Hiring
A sudden surge in job openings in the Bakken, especially for hydraulic fracturing and completion crews and CDL drivers, is taking place as companies ramp up to put more wells on line in the first half of 2017.
Decomm and Offshore Wind Revive Heavy-Lift Industry
Heavy-lift vessels aim for opportunities in decommissioning in UK North Sea and Norway and offshore wind projects.
Gas Begins To Flow in Russia’s Third Arctic Pipeline
Gazprom’s third pipeline to course through the Arctic further decreases Russia’s dependence on using Eastern European countries as thoroughfares to export its gas to markets in Western Europe.
Unmanned Vehicles and Robotics Gain Momentum
Developments in the emerging technologies of unmanned vehicles are leading to new land, sea, and air applications in the oil and gas industry.
Past Experience Drives Petrobras Flow Assurance Strategy
A former technical manager with Petrobras discusses the development of the company’s flow assurance philosophies and strategies.
Dakota Access Pipeline Up and Running in 2Q?
The CEO of Phillips 66 expects the DAPL to be operational in 2Q 2017.
Hi-Tech Drones Take Flight for Inspections
A closer look at recent unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) regulations and sensor technologies shows the areas in which they could have a major impact on oil and gas projects in the future.
How Do Process and Occupational Safety Differ?
The SPE technical director of Production and Facilities discusses the role process and occupational safety play in oil and gas operations.
Keppel Takes a Hit From Industry Downturn
Due to the continued pressure from weak utilization of existing operating fleet and supply overhang of newbuilds, Keppel is cutting its yard capacity. The company is however seeking opportunities in niche and new markets.
Savvy Separator: Operational Troubleshooting of Separators
In this tenth article of the series, the author focuses primarily on specific operational elements of troubleshooting rather than the mechanical design of the separator.
Juniper Platform Heads to Offshore Trinidad
The new Juniper offshore platform began its journey toward Trinidad to be installed as BP Trinidad and Tobago LLC’s 14th offshore installation. Juniper will have a production capacity of approximately 590 MMscf/D.
Ecological and Environmental Management During the Hail 3D Transition-Zone Survey: Safe Working Practices Within a UNESCO World-Biosphere Reserve
The Hail 3D transition-zone seismic survey carried out by ADNOC is located in a UNESCO world-biosphere reserve. Effective environmental and ecological management throughout the project was attained through working procedures and monitoring programs.
Macondo Contractor/Operator Gaps Identified by CSB
Various incidents that took place between Transocean, the owner of Deepwater Horizon, and BP, the company that leased the rig for use at Macondo, illustrate the gap between work-as-imagined in the drilling program and work-as-done by the well operations crew.
SPE-BSEE Data-Sharing Initiative Aims To Improve Risk Management
Various industry experts discussed the progress of an initiative led by SPE and BSEE to develop a safety data-sharing framework to help mitigate potential risk in operations.
Solid-Particles Flow Regimes in Air/Water Stratified Flow in a Horizontal Pipeline
The understanding of solid-particle flow regimes in pipelines for any operational conditions is important for identifying the nature of particle interaction and movement. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of solid-particle flow regimes in stratified flow in a horizontal pipeline is presented.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 2
In the first part of this series, the author explained why the current way of performing FEED does not allow minimization of costs by optimizing the design. In this article, he describes how the current contractual setup of the EPC also fails to minimize the costs of equipment/materials and works.
2017 Energy Outlook
As the debate continues about oil prices and supply and demand, the SPE Production and Facilities technical director examines data published by various organizations on the short- and long-term industry outlook.
Simple Rules in a Complex World
In this column, Howard Duhon examines different types of complexity theory.
Commercial GTL Project Opens in Southeast Texas
A recently opened plant in Wharton marks the first small-scale commercial gas-to-liquids project in the state of Texas.
Decreased Investment in Online Pipelines To Cause Lag in Installation at End of Decade
The downturn and lack of investment for new projects are likely to impact the onshore pipeline industry toward the end of the decade. But the long-term drivers for pipeline construction, notably the increased demand for gas in regions such as Asia, remain stable.
Case History of Dehydration-Technology Improvement for HCPF Production in the Daqing Oil Field
High-concentration polymer flooding can improve oil-displacement efficiency but separation of oil/water mixture becomes more difficult because of emulsification. In this work, a case history of dehydration technology for HCPF production and lab investigation of emulsion behaviors are reviewed.
Technip CEO: Industry Downturn Creates Opportunities for Innovation
Investment in digital technologies may increase project efficiency and reduce costs. However, Technip’s chief executive officer (CEO) said it is equally important to strengthen relationships with companies along the supply chain.
Field-Scale Testing Vital To Understanding Gas Hydrate Behavior
Replicating field conditions for flow assurance experiments at a reasonable cost often presents many challenges, particularly when it comes to designing an experiment with appropriately scaled geometry, an expert said.
GE CEO: Partnership With BP Among Highlights of Digital Initiatives
The oil and gas sector is an area primed for transformational development of its operations through new digital infrastructures, GE’s CEO said in an address to technological developers and company partners.
New EPA Regulations Issued To Curb Methane and VOC Emissions
The US EPA’s 2016 New Source Performance Standards updated the 2012 standards by adding requirements for the industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, specifically methane. The 2016 NSPS also covers hydraulically fractured oil wells and production, processing, transmission and storage activities.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 1
In this first of a two-part series, the author describes why the use of lump sum contracts for FEED services contract followed by an EPC contract does not fulfil the requirements to lower oil and gas facilities capex.
Studies Reveal Geological Faults, Stress Orientations in Texas, Oklahoma
Geophysicists from Stanford University have compiled a map of new maximum horizontal stress orientations in Texas and surrounding areas, potentially giving operators new information for avoiding seismic activity in their hydraulic fracturing operations.
WY DEQ: Hydraulic Fracturing Not Likely Culprit of Water Contamination
The Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality recently concluded that hydraulic fracturing operations were not the likely cause of well water contamination in a small town.
Consortium Tackles Decommissioning Inefficiencies
A team of oil and gas consultancy companies have formed a collaborative program aimed at offering integrated support for operators looking to retire redundant facilities without in-house overhead.
The Impact of Styles of Thinking and Cognitive Bias on How People Assess Risk and Make Real-World Decisions in Oil and Gas Operations
Awareness of the different styles of thinking can provide an understanding of the choices people make when assessing risk and making decisions. The purpose of this paper is to show how such knowledge can be operationalized and applied to real-world oil and gas operations.
World Offshore MMO Market: A Steady Return to Growth
Since the recent oil price downturn, the offshore MMO market has witnessed a significant decline in global expenditure. The most severe decline in total regional expenditure is anticipated to occur in North America, with modifications expenditure forecast to drop by 56% between 2014 and 2016.
New Report Predicts Lower IoT Spending Over 10-Year Period
A recently released report predicted that IoT networks will not take up as much of the overall market share as previously anticipated.
Gas Lift Use Grows in Permian
Unconventional production patterns in the Permian Basin are leading producers to replace electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) with gas lift, which had been little used there.
Three Key Principles To Solving Operational Flow Issues
When the underlying cause of flow-related issues on offshore projects is unknown, an expert said an investigation of fluid flow behavior based on an understanding of the first principles of flow assurance is necessary.
Bridging the Divide Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers
SPE Production and Facilities Technical Director Hisham Saadawi shares the discussion from the annual ATCE PFC dinner panel on the topic “Integration Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers: Crucial in an Era of Low Price Oil.”
01 May 2017