TOPICS OF INTEREST
FACILITIES PLANNING AND MAINTENANCE
New IOGP Standard Aims To Improve Fabrication Site Safety
A recently published standard addresses the need for a comprehensive set of common requirements for operators and contracting companies at fabrication yards.
Decommissioning To Become Big Business
Whether you are involved in the design and construction of new facilities or the decommissioning of existing facilities, having a solid understanding of decom makes a lot of sense. Are you ready as all around the world offshore facilities have reached, or are reaching, the end of their design life?
Automated Data Management Helps Take the Pain Out of Analytics
Public clouds are one of the emerging technologies that are minimizing the cost of processing the big data of the oil and gas industry. Among the hurdles to the wide-scale adoption of the cloud are security and access cost.
Texas and Gulf of Mexico Production Continues Comeback After Harvey
Onshore and offshore production in Texas and the Gulf of Mexico continues to recover to pre-Hurricane Harvey levels as inspections and assessments of damages are done. Operators have not reported major damages resulting in extended shut-ins.
Drones Utilized to Assess Facility Damage After Harvey
As companies begin examining facilities in the wake of Hurricane Harvey, commercial drones have become a valuable asset in reaching flooded areas too dangerous for people to reach.
BSEE Update 9/1: Offshore Oil and Gas Production Up 10% in Gulf of Mexico
Oil and gas production in the Gulf of Mexico have each gone up 10% since yesterday as Harvey continues to weaken and move northeast toward the Ohio Valley. Widespread flooding is expected to continue in Texas and toward the Louisiana border through the weekend.
TechnipFMC Awarded EPCI Contract for Husky’s West White Rose Project
Husky Energy awarded the EPCI contract for its $1.6-billion expansion project, West White Rose, to TechnipFMC. It includes the supply and installation of subsea equipment.
M2 Subsea, Harvey Gulf Marine Form GOM Service Alliance
M2 Subsea, a provider of ROV services, formed an alliance with vessel operator Harvey Gulf Marine International to provide subsea ROV services in the Gulf of Mexico.
DNV GL Carries Out First Offshore Drone Survey
The classification society's first offshore drone survey was conducted on a semisubmersible used to support Statoil's drilling operations in the North Sea.
Drones and Facility Security: Things to Look Out For
Operators need to take steps to protect their facilities from drone security breaches by outsiders. The costs an attacker incurs in developing tools to break into and control infrastructure is low compared to the costs an operator incurs in defending against those tools.
Concept for Ice-Resistant Offshore Terminal for Arctic LNG Export
Cost and delivery of long-distance natural gas pipelines to a distant liquefaction facility at a warm-water port has become excessive, and environmental restraints have been increasing. An alternative is an offshore ice-resistant LNG port accommodating a new class of LNG transport vessels.
Design Tools for Arctic Subsea Pipelines
As the design methodologies evolve for arctic pipelines, strudel scour, permafrost thaw settlement, and ice gouging need to be factored in with environmental and geotechnical data, limit states, and trenching and backfilling activities.
Arctic Pipeline Route Selection
To reduce the risks to arctic pipelines from natural or geologic hazards, a more sophisticated approach to routing compared to traditional methods based on only the shortest length of pipe or connectivity to existing infrastructure is needed.
Taking on the Arctic With New Concepts
New approaches to arctic activities include a concept for an offshore ice-resistant LNG export terminal, the design of subsea pipelines, and the optimal routing for the pipelines to mitigate the unique risks in arctic regions such as ice-gouging and permafrost thaw.
Human Error: The Big Hurdle to Safer Facilities
Why is designing with human error in mind so critical? Consider that nearly 80% of all offshore facility accidents are caused by human errors, and 64% of these accidents happen during operations.
OTC: New Ideas Floated for UAVs, Beyond Inspections
AUVs aren’t limited to inspections and pipeline surveys. Deployment of a flotilla of AUVs to work on a project, and the communication among them, may someday lead to a subsea Internet of Things.
Passive-Fire-Protection Optimization in Offshore Topside Structures
Applying sufficient passive fire protection (PFP) on topside structural-steel members is critical. Simplified and conservative approaches are available to estimate the extent and amount of PFP necessary.
Three-Sided Passive Fire Protection on Steel-Beam Decks for Offshore Installations
This study presents an overview of the structural response and failure mechanism of three-sided protected beams and proposes design solutions.
Four Generations of Fire- and Blast-Resistant Walls on Offshore Installations
Four types of fire- and blast-resistant walls for offshore installations are assessed, including internal vs. external fire and blast walls.
SPE Kicks Off New Technical Section for Unmanned Systems
SPE’s newly launched technical section will provide a central hub for questions, answers, discussion, collaboration, and networking around unmanned systems for the oil and gas industry.
Artificial Intelligence Poised To Change Industry Operations
A consultant examines the ways in which artificial intelligence and machine learning solutions may have a significant impact on industry operations.
Unmanned Vehicles and Robotics Gain Momentum
Developments in the emerging technologies of unmanned vehicles are leading to new land, sea, and air applications in the oil and gas industry.
Hi-Tech Drones Take Flight for Inspections
A closer look at recent unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) regulations and sensor technologies shows the areas in which they could have a major impact on oil and gas projects in the future.
How Do Process and Occupational Safety Differ?
The SPE technical director of Production and Facilities discusses the role process and occupational safety play in oil and gas operations.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 2
In the first part of this series, the author explained why the current way of performing FEED does not allow minimization of costs by optimizing the design. In this article, he describes how the current contractual setup of the EPC also fails to minimize the costs of equipment/materials and works.
Why Our Way To Develop Projects Fails To Minimize Capex—Part 1
In this first of a two-part series, the author describes why the use of lump sum contracts for FEED services contract followed by an EPC contract does not fulfil the requirements to lower oil and gas facilities capex.
World Offshore MMO Market: A Steady Return to Growth
Since the recent oil price downturn, the offshore MMO market has witnessed a significant decline in global expenditure. The most severe decline in total regional expenditure is anticipated to occur in North America, with modifications expenditure forecast to drop by 56% between 2014 and 2016.
Bridging the Divide Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers
SPE Production and Facilities Technical Director Hisham Saadawi shares the discussion from the annual ATCE PFC dinner panel on the topic “Integration Between Facilities and Subsurface Engineers: Crucial in an Era of Low Price Oil.”
AUVs Gain Momentum in Oil and Gas Operations
AUVs have evolved from an emerging technology with niche uses to a viable solution and an established part of operations in various marine sectors. Douglas-Westwood’s AUV Market Forecast considers the prospective demand for AUVs in the commercial, military and research sectors over the next 5 years.
ATCE: Addressing Human Factors Can Make Megaprojects Work
Studies show that almost 65% of megaprojects fail to meet the performance goals established when the financial go-ahead was given. Operators can avoid costly pitfalls if they focus on addressing the human-related problems.
Application of Plume-Cooling Technology To Solve a GTG Impingement Problem: A Case Study
The compact nature of offshore platforms makes the management of the exhaust from engines a concern from a health and safety standpoint. In this paper, the authors present a typical plume-impingement problem aboard an offshore platform and discuss the application of plume-cooling technology.
DNV GL Opens Hazard Awareness Training Center
DNV’s new training center will run full-scale experiments for a joint industry project aimed at investigating cost-efficient explosion load descriptions for process areas.
Underground Bacteria Generates H2S and Trips Control Panels
When panels in an instrument equipment shelter kept tripping and the occasional smell of H2S led to an investigation of the rationale. Although a rare occurrence, this paper presents a strategy for prevention through careful site selection.
A Deeper Look At Modularization In Facilities Construction
As operators look to reduce the time and cost for projects, adopting a modular approach to facility design. While this approach may provide some benefits, it may not be the most efficient path.
Mature Oilfield Facilities Enhancement: Use of Two-Screw Multiphase Pumps To Stimulate Increased Well Production
In maturing oil wells, oil production is often restricted as reservoir pressure depletes. Two case studies highlight the application of two-screw multiphase pump systems in to extend well life.
Designing Efficient Facilities in Challenging Locations
Three case studies discuss the challenges of defining efficient facilities in difficult locations.
Process-Design Considerations for a Compressor Dry-Gas Seal-System Interface
Failure of a dry-gas seal in the compressor can result in plant outage and considerable revenue loss to the operating company. This paper discusses design considerations to minimize risk of failure.
World Offshore MMO: From Slow to Grow
Low prices will constrain maintenance and modifications in the coming year. However, maintenance can only be delayed so long, leading to a long-term outlook of growth in the market for maintenance, modifications, and operations.
Solving Deepwater Challenges in a Low Price Environment
Construction costs, contractor involvement, flow assurance, and the integration of new technologies created to improve production are some of the deepwater challenges exacerbated by the current low price environment.
Monitoring, Maintenance Of Mooring Systems Help To Extend Design Life of Production Facilities
As many platforms begin to produce beyond their design life, maintenance of mooring systems becomes more critical. With redundancies in place, operators may be unaware of initial failures, which can have major consequences if another failure occurs.
Standardization vs. Innovation vs. Optimization: Buying or Building Your Dream Car
Given the inherent differences in projects, the author discusses how can standardization be used to avoid creating each one from scratch, and what the benefits of standardizing might be for the industry.
Upstream Offshore-Facility Weight-Growth Study
To help the industry understand offshore-facility weight predictability, IPA recently conducted a comprehensive study that sheds new light on facility weight performance and identifies the root causes of weight growth, providing guidelines for improving predictability.
Operator Involvement is Key to Facility Operability
Facility operability is a matter of safety and efficiency. Though most facilities are built and operated successfully, problems sometimes arise during the design phase that can lead to costly incidents.
Spar Innovations: Thinking Inside the Box Reaps Savings
For Anadarko, the secret of the “design one, build many” approach to offshore production facilities is to control its enthusiasm for change. The company’s experience with eight operated spars shows the benefits gained with this approach.
LLOG’S Delta House Who Dat Writ Large
LLOG Exploration’s Delta House floating production system (FPS) looms large over Kiewit Offshore Services’ fabrication yard in Ingleside, Texas.
A Vendor’s View on Cost Control in Megaprojects
The factors contributing to out-of-control costs and delayed deliveries of projects are many. They range from unrealistic early cost and time estimates and human factors to the effects of geopolitical events.
Optimization of Integrated Template Structures for Arctic Subsea-Production Systems
This paper analyzes the various selection methods of integrated template structures (ITSs) for use in the Arctic environment. Operation and installation of subsea modules in the Barents Sea are also analyzed in this paper.
Design of Onshore Production Systems for Unconventional Resources
The application of lessons learned in projects is generally a trusted approach to tackling design challenges. However, the design of onshore production systems for unconventional resources does not allow for straightforward crossover from onshore or offshore conventional to unconventional systems.
Engineering for Decommissioning During Project Design Reduces Costs
Decommissioning costs are often made higher by decisions made during the initial engineering and construction stages of an offshore oil or gas field. Designing with a critical eye can go a long way toward reducing the decommissioning costs, which occur decades later.
Debottlenecking Existing Offshore Production Facilities To Safely Extend Their Operation Capacities
Good early production caused an FPSO to reach the design topside limit with only five wells connected. A study was undertaken to determine how bottlenecks could be reduced to allow greater production without compromising process safety.
Lack of Facilities Standards: The Achilles’ Heel of Modularization?
Modularizing components for facilities sounds like a great idea, but may not be as simple as it seems. The lack of standards is a major impediment. You have to know that parts will work together. But the process of modularization has started and will continue.
Assessing and Mitigating Corrosion in Closed Loop Cooling Water Systems
The root cause analysis of corrosion failure in a heat exchanger revealed inadequate cleaning, ineffective microbial control, and subpar monitoring of cooling water quality.
Implementation of a Metric-Driven, Statistical Chemical Management Program for Unconventional Plays
The challenges for operators in the Eagle Ford have been enormous, which can push chemical management to the back burner. But there is a price to be paid down the road. Operators have recently become more mindful of implementing metric-driven chemical management programs.
Energy-Efficient Technologies for Reduction of Offshore CO2 Emissions
This paper discusses novel technologies for increasing the energy efficiency of offshore oil and gas platforms. Three case studies are in progress that are based on actual oil-producing platforms—two on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) and one in the Brazilian basin.
Implementing a Deepwater-Pipeline-Management System
There are few deepwater-pipeline operators with expertise in pipeline repairs. This paper describes a strategy developed and implemented on deepwater-pipeline intervention, based on a deepwater operational experience built over a decade.
Inaccuracy in Pipeline-Compressor-Station Construction-Cost Estimation
This paper is investigates installed cost overruns of pipeline-compressor-station projects, using data from more than 200 projects. Results of the analysis show that project size, capacity, location, and year have different impacts on individual component overruns.
Choice of Development Concept—Platform or Subsea Solution?
Valuation of the enhanced flexibility offered by platform-based development solutions and sequential subsea solution is difficult. This leads to the question: Are development solutions being selected without taking sufficient account of option values?
Optimization of Reliability and Maintenance Unlocks Hidden Value
Compared to the US industrial average downtime ranging from 3% to 5%, the oil and gas industry’s estimated downtime ranges from 5% to 10%,indicating that improvement is needed in reliability and maintenance of facilities, equipment, and processes.
Oil and Gas Facilities To Sponsor Project Management Networking Event at OTC
The success rates of E&P megaprojects has dropped over the past decade. What is causing this falloff in performance?
Rapid Rise Hydrocarbon Fires – An Engineering Perspective
The energy contained in oil and gas makes them immensely useful—and dangerous. A fire fueled by hydrocarbons can quickly threaten anything exposed to it. Building in passive fire protection when constructing facilities is wise practice.
Managing Subsurface Uncertainties in Facilities Design
Bridging the gap between facilities and reservoir engineers is critical in designing systems that are flexible enough to allow a spectrum of reservoir feed conditions to be accommodated over the life cycle of the field. While subsurface uncertainties can't be eliminated, they can be managed.
Trends in Facilities Design and Construction
Operators’ demands for structural designs are changing along with the need to produce from harsher environments, deeper waters, remote areas, and marginal fields. New-builds and modifications require different approaches in assessment of cost, design, and construction.
Focus on Professional Engineering
Engineering culture is largely a safety culture. We have to assume that people will make a mistake and protect them from themselves through the way we design facilities.
Field Development Options and Selection Strategies
Facilities engineering has grown with the industry’s advance into deep water and the development of complex subsea systems to produce the resources found there.
Offshore Asset Integrity Management Advances With New Technologies
Asset integrity management encompasses the design, operation, and maintenance of an asset to preserve its integrity at an acceptable level of risk throughout its operating life.
Strong Growth Forecast in Offshore Operations and Maintenance Expenditure
Douglas-Westwood expects 8% growth in offshore operations and maintenance (O&M) expenditure annually from 2012 to 2016. O&M are markets considerably less vulnerable to downturn than their capital‑led counterparts.
Bridging the Gap Between Reservoir Engineering and Facilities Design
A recent workshop titled “Bridging the Gap Between Reservoir Engineering and Facilities Design” brought together more than 120 representatives of both disciplines to discuss the topsides/reservoir interface. Reservoir uncertainties and how they affect design was a key topic.
Planning for Initial Startup Success
The ultimate success of a deepwater project depends on phases from early concept selection, design, construction, commissioning, and startup to operation. However, the boundaries and transfer of responsibilities may not be sharply demarcated between phases.
25 September 2017
28 September 2017
20 September 2017
ITEMS OF NOTE
19 October 2017
19 September 2017
14 August 2017
20 July 2017