TOPICS OF INTEREST
New Research Explores Effective Produced Water Treatment
As operators seek lower water management costs, a pair of studies examines methods and technologies that could have a major impact on treatment and reuse for hydraulic fracturing operations and beyond.
Analytic Models Propose Wastewater Disposal Facility Locations in Marcellus
Researchers at Texas Tech University have released a study into wastewater production and disposal in the Marcellus Shale, proposing disposal hubs across the state of Pennsylvania that could reduce trucking distances.
UN Cautions Countries Eyeing Shale Development
A new report on shale gas from UNCTAD addresses the balance between providing affordable energy to developing countries and the agency’s climate change goals.
Incorporating Reuse: The Next Frontier for Produced Water Management
As producers and third-party vendors navigate the logistical challenges of water management, the push toward greater reuse of produced water has gained steam. How close is the industry to 100% reuse?
Are Your Produced Water Decisions Based on the Best Economics?
Recycling produced water may not be the soundest economic decision for operators of hydraulic fracturing projects. A water logistics expert examines the design considerations companies must account for with full-cycle water management systems.
Apache Aims To Boost Produced Water Reuse in Permian
The rising oil production and produced water volumes in the Permian are expanding the scope and scale of recycling. Apache is targeting 50% of its frac water to be made up from recycled produced water this year.
Newfield Exploration: Diligence Needed for STACK Water Plan
An advisor at Newfield Exploration takes a closer look at the company’s water management operations in the Oklahoma STACK, as well as the lessons learned in its development.
How Has the US Fracking Boom Affected Air Pollution in Shale Areas?
In recent years there has been a spike of research to determine what the extent of emissions are from fracked oil and gas wells. While much discussion has surrounded methane emissions, a greenhouse gas, less attention has been paid to air toxics.
AFGlobal Acquires Axon Pump Technology from Amkin
AFGlobal acquired the Axon pressure pump technology and product line from Amkin Technologies, a privately held oilfield equipment and technology developer.
Predictive Models Optimize Produced Water Transport and Disposal
Predictive models may help in the estimation of produced water volumes and the optimization of the locations for water recycling and disposal facilities to reduce truck hauling distances.
Supply and Demand in Unconventionals: Where Do Service Companies Fit?
Service company executives examine how the oil price downturn affected supply and demand for their services in the unconventional sector, and strategies they have undertaken to stay afloat as operators adjust to uncertainty.
Who's Minding the Methane? Federal Emissions Rules in Flux, States and Industry Take the Reins
Although a federal court temporarily thwarted EPA’s suspension of methane emissions regulations in early July, several states have formed an alliance to keep the ball rolling, and EPA’s most recent data show the industry has made significant strides in decreasing these emissions.
Sinopec Tests Separation Technology at FuLing Shale Site
OriginClear agreed to a sales licensing deal for use of its Electro Water Separation technology at a Sinopec-operated shale gas site.
New Occupational Health Hazards Emerge in Unconventional E&P
A NIOSH hygienist examines emerging chemical exposure risks workers faced during drilling, completions, and servicing operations.
Spatial Analysis of Horizontal-Shale-Well Water Production in the Wattenberg Field
This paper analyzes water production from horizontal shale wells in five sections of the Wattenberg field in northeastern Colorado. Models were developed for these wells for future water-production prediction and a spatial analysis was also conducted.
Newfield Exploration to Build New Water Recycling Facility
Newfield Exploration broke ground on a water recycling facility in the Anadarko Basin in Oklahoma.
Bakken Sees Uptick in Hiring
A sudden surge in job openings in the Bakken, especially for hydraulic fracturing and completion crews and CDL drivers, is taking place as companies ramp up to put more wells on line in the first half of 2017.
New EPA Regulations Issued To Curb Methane and VOC Emissions
The US EPA’s 2016 New Source Performance Standards updated the 2012 standards by adding requirements for the industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, specifically methane. The 2016 NSPS also covers hydraulically fractured oil wells and production, processing, transmission and storage activities.
Studies Reveal Geological Faults, Stress Orientations in Texas, Oklahoma
Geophysicists from Stanford University have compiled a map of new maximum horizontal stress orientations in Texas and surrounding areas, potentially giving operators new information for avoiding seismic activity in their hydraulic fracturing operations.
WY DEQ: Hydraulic Fracturing Not Likely Culprit of Water Contamination
The Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality recently concluded that hydraulic fracturing operations were not the likely cause of well water contamination in a small town.
Public Support Necessary for Continued Shale Development
SPE Distinguished Lecturer Joseph Frantz, Jr. says stakeholder opinions will shape the future of hydraulic fracturing.
Optimizing Metal-Removal Processes for Produced Water With Electrocoagulation
Many oil and gas companies are pursuing fracture-flowback-water and produced-water recycling for subsequent drilling and fracturing operations. Removal of metals is important to success of these processes.
A Different Take on the Fracturing Meme
Gerald Verbeek contests the theory that fracturing opposition is meme driven.
Southwestern Energy Approaches Goal of Freshwater Neutrality
Southwestern Energy plans to be freshwater neutral in its hydraulic fracturing operations by next year, and the company is well on its way to achieving that goal, said the leader of the group responsible for bringing it to fruition.
The Fracturing Meme
You have probably heard that the Eskimo language has several dozen words for “snow,” a frequently repeated and well-known idea. It is untrue. A meme is a snippet of culture that is learned by imitation and passed on by imitation or repetition.
Unconventional Resources: New Facilities Find Solutions to Limited Water Sources
Companies are deploying a variety of technologies to reduce the water needs of hydraulic fracturing. Where are these new facilities with these new technologies, and how will they help operators solve the problem of finding water to use?
A Comparison of Methods for Boron Removal From Flowback and Produced Waters
While storage and logistics are critical elements of the viability of water reuse, if the water chemistry is not fit for gel fracturing formulations, it will not matter how much is stored in centrally located impoundments.
Mechanical Vapor Recompression for the Treatment of Shale-Gas Flowback Water
Used extensively by the food, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, the mechanical-vapor-recompression (MVR) process is viewed as a reliable method for recovering demineralized water from concentrated brines. This paper reports on performance of an advanced MVR system in north-central Texas.
Chemical Pretreatment of Guar Gum-Based Hydraulic Fracturing Solutions and Produced Water
Hydraulic fracturing solutions use a gelling agent known as guar gum to transport proppant. Flowback water can have guar gum concentrations has high as 1% by volume creating treatment challenges prior to reuse or disposal.
Optimizing Water Storage in Oilfield Water Treatment
With inconsistent inlet water quality being the rule rather than the exception, sizing and operational considerations of the treatment system components must vary accordingly to make the most economic sense.
Produced and Flowback Water Recycling and Reuse - Economics, Limitations, and Technology
The demands for the fresh water used in many hydraulic fracturing operations are placing pressure on water sources in some regions of the United States. Because of the high volumes of water needed for fracturing and competing demands availability of fresh water has decreased and costs have grown.
Water Management for Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Resources - Part 5
This is the fifth article in a series covering water management in hydraulic fracturing in unconventional resources. The focus of this article is biological control. Additives to improve fracturing conditions can have negative effects on water treatment.
Water Management for Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Resources—Part 4
This is the fourth article of a series covering water management in hydraulic fracturing (HF) in unconventional resources. This article discusses the use of mechanical vapor compression (MVC) as a desalination technology.
Operators See Range of Options for Treating Flowback Water
A growing number of alternatives for treating flowback water enable operators to meet the requirements for discharge or reuse of the water in the fracturing fluid, a scientist said recently.
Technology Critical To Developing Unconventional Resources
Unconventional resources are often in good supply, but difficult and expensive to develop. To develop unconventional resources, technologies like hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling are key, and higher oil prices will help.
Water Management for Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Resources - Part 3 Water Treatment Technologies: Coagulation/Flocculation and Electrocoagulation
This is the third article of a series on water management for hydraulic fracturing in unconventional resources. This month, water treatment technologies are introduced, beginning with the removal of suspended solids by coagulation/flocculation and electrocoagulation for recycling flowback fluids.
Water Management for Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Resources—Part 2 Properties and Characteristics of Flowback Fluids
In this second article of a series covering water management in hydraulic fracturing (HF) in unconventional resources, the properties and characteristics of the flowback fluids are discussed, together with the general categories of technologies that are best suited to treat them.
Water Management for Hydraulic Fracturing in Unconventional Resources—Part 1
This is the first of several articles on the subject of water management for unconventional hydraulic fracturing. This article outlines the critical issues and outlines development of a strategy for treatment of flowback fluids.
Shale plays: Environmental Issues Related to Surface Facilities
As the development of US shale plays expands to undeveloped or underdeveloped areas, the environmental issues related to surface facilities move to front and center. Operators, regulators, politicians, and the general public have become more aware of and concerned about environmental effects.
Handling Produced Water From Hydraulic Fracturing
The recycling of produced water and fracture flowback water for reuse in hydraulic fracturing is on the rise in the development of unconventional resource plays.
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ITEMS OF NOTE
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