Near-Surface Velocity Model To Enhance PSDM Seismic Imaging of Dukhan Field

Topics: Petrophysics/geophysics
Source: IPTC 18293
Fig 1: Survey-location map (left), environmental overview (center), and geological-context overview (right) of the Dukhan field.

Dukhan field affords an opportunity to assess alternative near-surface velocity-modeling work flows that specifically integrate microgravity (MGR) and vertical electrical sounding (VES). A pilot study of the Dukhan seismic data demonstrates that integration of MGR/VES into prestack depth migration (PSDM) improves the fidelity of seismic images and results in an improved depth match. The resultant MGR/VES PSDM pilot model improved the velocity model between the surface and top Simsima formation on the basis of visible impact on the deeper structure obtained from imaging and better fit between the seismic depth horizons and well measured depths.

Introduction

The Dukhan field (Fig. 1 -above) along the southwest coast of Qatar is an elongated anti­cline that has significant hydrocarbon reservoirs in the Jurassic Arab and deeper formations. In 2007, Qatar Petroleum invested in a new full-field, land and ­shallow-water 3D-seismic survey of the area.

Despite considerable and continuous progress in seismic technology, obtaining an accurate, quantitative, well-focused seismic depth image at reservoir level remains challenging. In land seismic, a poor characterization of the near-surface geology is detrimental to the depth imaging of underlying structures. The proper knowledge of the near surface to correct for its perturbations onto the seismic wavefield remains one of the main challenges to be addressed. The near surface influences the kinematics as well as the dynamics of the source-generated seismic waves. Knowledge of the near surface to correct for its induced distortions is critical for a reliable use of seismic ­images, structures, and amplitude at reservoir level. The near-surface lateral and vertical velocity variations often are not accessible with seismic methods, even to the seismic refraction survey, because their depth of investigation is limited to the top of the shallowest hard layer. In addition, rapid lateral changes and large velocity contrasts are unfavorable to seismic refraction.

This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper IPTC 18293, “Near-Surface Velocity Model of Dukhan Field From Multiphysics Survey To Enhance PSDM Seismic Imaging,” by K. Setiyono, Qatar Petroleum; S. Gallo, C. Boulanger, F. Bruere, F. Moreau, and B. Rondeleux, CGG; and J. Snow, Qatar Petroleum, prepared for the 2015 International Petroleum Technology Conference, Doha, Qatar, 7–9 December. The paper has not been peer reviewed. Copyright 2015 International Petroleum Technology Conference. Reproduced by permission.
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Near-Surface Velocity Model To Enhance PSDM Seismic Imaging of Dukhan Field

10 February 2016

Volume: 68 | Issue: 3