For thin-oil-rim reservoirs, well placement, well type, well path, and the completion methods must be evaluated with close integration of key reservoir and production-engineering considerations. This involves maximizing reservoir-fluid contact and drainage, optimizing well productivity, and optimizing the well life-cycle production profile along the wellbore. Field-implementation cases in Malaysia have shown that this integrated approach can significantly minimize the well count, enhance the well performance, and improve the ultimate recovery per well in thin-oil-rim reservoirs with varying reservoir complexity and uncertainties.
Development of oil-rim reservoirs in Malaysia has been improved progressively in recent years through a series of reservoir-engineering studies and successful field implementations. Although typical oil-rim reservoirs are characteristically wedged between a gas cap and an underlying aquifer, they can be structurally very complicated, with faults and flow boundaries having varying dips and saddles. Oil-rim reservoirs of various sand thickness can also be stacked and compartmentalized. Aquifer support varies from sector to sector, resulting in uneven pressure depletion and fluid-contact change.
Wells are completed with multiple strings to produce separately from various different stacked sands with significantly large pressure difference. Well life can be short producing at high water-cut and high gas/oil ratio (GOR) because of wells having partial penetration operated at high pressure drawdown. For such a well-development strategy, idle-well rate increases dramatically. Currently, active wells in some key oil-rim reservoirs number far less than 50%. Field oil recovery remains low even after 25 years of continuous production....
Smart Horizontal Wells for Development of Thin-Oil-Rim Reservoirs
01 November 2015