Understanding Waterflood Response in Tight Oil Formations: A Saskatchewan Case Study

Topics: Enhanced recovery Reservoir simulation
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An 18-well numerical-simulation model was built to represent an operator’s Lower Shaunavon waterflood-pilot area. Numerical simulation was used, and a history match on the pilot area was performed. By use of parameters obtained from the history match, a representative model was built and a sensitivity study was performed on hydraulic-fracture spacing and well spacing in both primary-depletion and waterflood scenarios.

Modeling-Work-Flow Description

The Shaunavon is partitioned into lower and upper members. The lower member is an authigenic carbonate shelf, while the upper member has a strong clastic influence from the west. Oil is trapped hydrodynamically; the oil fairway crosses both stratigraphic and structural trends.

The Lower Shaunavon is divided into four intervals in the study area. The lowest interval is a calcareous cryptocrystalline mudstone. Sitting above this interval is the B Marker, which is a slightly more energetic environment. The A Marker marks a regressive lag as a result of a sea-level drop. It consists of wackestone to some packstone rock and is bounded above and below by mudstones. The uppermost interval represents a high-­energy environment.

A geological model was developed for the lower Shaunavon pilot area on the basis of well logs, petrophysical data, and surface maps. The model was developed further into a dynamic simulation model by incorporating pressure/volume/temperature data, relative permeability, well trajectory, well completion, and historical well-production and -injection information for all wells located within the pilot area.

This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper SPE 171671, “Understanding Waterflood Response in Tight Oil Formations: A Case Study of the Lower Shaunavon,” by Adrian Thomas, SPE, Anjani Kumar, SPE, and Kenny Rodrigues, SPE, Computer Modelling Group, and Ryan Sinclair, SPE, Colin Lackie, Angela Galipeault, and Mike Blair, Crescent Point Energy, prepared for the 2014 SPE/CSUR Unconventional Resources Conference—Canada, Calgary, 30 September–2 October. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Understanding Waterflood Response in Tight Oil Formations: A Saskatchewan Case Study

01 October 2015

Volume: 67 | Issue: 10