Chemical sand consolidation works by pumping chemicals downhole to strengthen the formation and stop sanding. In most cases reported in the industry, chemical consolidation has been used in short production intervals (less than 100 m). Our approach was to develop a laboratory program to test various industry chemicals and to achieve a good understanding of how these can be applied. Candidate wells were matched to chemicals to identify which system or systems would fit best.
In theory, chemical consolidation should be operationally attractive and a fairly low-cost option to reduce sanding and increase production from the problem well. However, because of negative experiences with early solvent-based resin systems, it is still often viewed as a temporary measure to extend hydrocarbon production for a period of time before recompletion or well abandonment. Early-generation consolidation systems had challenging health, safety, and environmental profiles; required several overflushes to restore permeability and induce curing; and carried a risk of significantly damaging the permeability and productivity of the well.
In the last decade, however, several types of novel chemical treatments have become commercially available. To access the potential of novel chemical treatments to present a real alternative to mechanical remediation methods, an extensive laboratory-testing program was conducted. The aim was to establish the effectiveness of chemical treatments in increasing maximum sand-free rate (MSFR), to confirm that consolidation will not cause any significant loss of permeability, and to identify conditions for optimal performance of each treatment.
Chemical Sand Consolidation: Developing a Strategic Capability Across a Wide Portfolio
10 September 2015