A challenge in many permeable, water-sensitive, subhydrostatic reservoirs is avoiding the loss of completion fluid when completing or working over wells. To overcome the limitation of conventional fluid-loss-control pills, a low-viscosity system was developed. The system is composed of a viscous disproportionate permeability modifier (VDPM) with sized synthetic polymer particles and fibers, which degrade into organic acids. The VDPM reduces the effective permeability to water-based fluids, and the sized particles create an impermeable filter cake. When the particles degrade, the organic acid acts to break any remaining polymer.
The limitations of many conventional fluid-loss-control pills have resulted in the development of a number of solids-free fluid-loss-control pills. In high-permeability reservoirs, a highly crosslinked gel is needed to achieve good fluid-loss control. Polysaccharides, such as guar, have been widely used for this application because of their low cost and availability. These guar-based fluids are typically crosslinked with borate or organometallic crosslinkers. The viscosity of crosslinked guar decreases significantly at temperatures greater than 200°F because of the limited thermal stability of the polymer. For higher-temperature applications, polyacrylamides can be used to form crosslinked gels.
A limitation of crosslinked polysaccharide and polyacrylamide polymers is that they require an internal or external breaker. The breaker is required to break the crosslinked polymer and lower the viscosity of the fluid so the broken gel can flow out of the formation matrix. Even when using an internal breaker, some polymer remains in the pore spaces, effectively reducing and damaging the permeability of the formation....
Controlling Losses When Recompleting Low-Pressure Reservoirs
01 February 2016