The authors used a high-quality digital-log data set to characterize reservoir quality accurately in the Niobrara and Codell Formations in the Denver-Julesberg (DJ) Basin. A petrophysical work flow was developed, and detailed mapping of the reservoir attributes was completed. The log-derived parameters, along with an aeromagnetic and vitrinite-reflectance data set, provided excellent insight into which geologic parameters could be tied best to well-production response.
In 2013, the authors began to evaluate production response in an area where nearly 50 Niobrara wells were completed by a single operator with a similar completion design for all wells. There was a wide variation in production results after 180 days of production, ranging from 4 to 16 BOE/lateral ft. The amount of proppant pumped per lateral foot changed very little and ranged between 800 and approximately 1,000 lbm/ft. The dramatic change in production response in light of the absence of major completion changes led to the early conclusion that geology is of great importance in the the Niobrara and Codell.
In the early days of DJ production, horizontal-well-development operators did not generally make radical changes to completion designs, making it harder to evaluate the effect of these changes. Only since 2014 has a significant change from previous approaches been seen, with a new focus on a reduction in cost per BOE....
Production Response in the Denver-Julesburg Basin
01 March 2017