This study examines how subsea processing (SSP) can develop into an important enabling technology for future ultradeepwater-field developments and long-distance tiebacks. The authors identify the gaps that need to be closed and describe the decision-making process during the field-development life cycle by considering the technical and economic constraints of various SSP technologies.
A generalized definition of SSP is any active treatment of the produced fluids at or below the seabed to improve recovery factor of reservoirs. SSP technologies include multiphase pumping, subsea separation, gas compression, and raw-seawater injection.
Subsea separation coupled with liquid boosting is effective in enabling production at very low flowing tubinghead pressures, even in deep water. This method also is well-suited for use where heavy, viscous oil or low reservoir pressure is the rule. Gas fields often are developed with subsea wells and multiphase transport to onshore facilities or to offshore processing platforms. Separation allows decreasing boosting-power requirements. Subsea-separation technology is progressing quickly because of its huge potential in minimizing topside water-handling requirements and separation of gas, oil, and water from the production fluid. Subsea gas-compression technology is one of the faster-growing technologies for large fields requiring pressure boosting (e.g., where subsea-to-beach development solutions result in long tieback distances). It improves the production and recovery from the reservoir by reducing backpressure on the wells....
How Will Subsea-Processing Technologies Enable Deepwater-Field Developments?
01 August 2017