Conventional openhole sand-control techniques include standalone screens, expandable screens, and openhole gravel packing (OHGP). In some cases, the uniformity, size, and level of compressive strength of the formation dictate the use of an OHGP completion. However, OHGP is not always feasible or practical for some reservoirs and geographic locations. Shape-memory-polymer (SMP) technology can fill the gaps that exist with current OHGP techniques. This paper summarizes a technology using SMP to provide downhole sand control in openhole environments.
The SMP conformable sand-control system consists of an engineered polymer material compacted onto a retainer cartridge (outer shroud, plain Dutch-weave mesh, and inner shroud). The assembly is then installed onto a perforated base pipe by mechanical means to provide a simple modular system for openhole sand-control applications.
SMP Principle and Engineered Behaviors. The SMP typically has two different states: the glass state at low temperatures and the rubber state at higher temperatures. The point of change of state (the transition from the glass state to the rubber state), and the associated temperature, is referred to as the glass transit temperature (Tg).
Advancement in Openhole Sand-Control Applications With Shape-Memory Polymer
01 October 2017