This work experimentally investigates the behavior of an intermittent multiphase liquid/gas flow that takes place upstream of an electrical submersible pump (ESP). On the basis of the results and associated interpretation, a flow-homogenizer device was designed, built, and tested. Classical ESPs, which, in essence, are composed of a series of radial/centrifugal impeller/diffuser pairs, are not tailored to work in scenarios with high gas-void-fraction (GVF) values. The apparatus was assembled to avoid the development of intermittent flow.
In the oil industry, multiphase flow occurs during the production and transport of oil and gas at wells and in the lines that connect wells to platforms. During well production, the flow from the reservoir to the production platform undergoes depressurization. Consequently, a portion of the liquid hydrocarbon dissociates and becomes gaseous during production.
Multiphase flows are characterized by the existence of several flow patterns. When gas and liquid flow in a pipe at the same time, several flow configurations may exist. These patterns depend on operating variables—namely, the velocity of the liquid and gas, fluid properties, and some geometrical aspects such as pipe diameter and angle. Hydrodynamic aspects of the flow change dramatically as each flow pattern prevails....
Evaluation of Intermittent-Flow Behavior Upstream of Electrical Submersible Pumps
01 July 2016