The offshore industry anticipates the need for production-riser systems in ultradeepwater fields. The development of these fields [this paper considers a field located in the central Gulf of Mexico (GOM)] leads to many challenges with respect to the selection of the riser concept; in some instances, such applications may require extending riser technology beyond its current limits. This paper evaluates the feasibility of a number of production- and export-riser configurations for ultradeepwater applications.
Please note that riser-design criteria, methodology, and data (riser functions and associated pipe sizes; riser internal-fluid properties; and riser-strength assessment) are provided in the complete paper.
Production Risers. Steel-catenary-riser (SCR) wall-thickness sizing is initially carried out when considering X65 line pipe. For a design pressure of 5 ksi, the wall thickness of the production riser is primarily driven by collapse because of external hydrostatic pressure. The maximum wall thicknesses required for 8-, 10-, and 12-in. pipes are 1.51, 1.85, and 2.17 in., respectively, and are driven by burst owing to the 15-ksi internal design pressure. It should be noted that these wall thicknesses are designed to resist only the burst and collapse pressures. The longitudinal-load and combined-load design checks are performed after the sizing is performed for collapse and burst. For ultradeep water, the longitudinal-load design criterion becomes a limiting requirement. For 3000-m water depth, the production risers meet both the longitudinal-load and combined-load design criteria. Buckling caused by combined bending and external pressure is also checked with the calculated wall thicknesses. The allowable bending strains of all the production risers are determined to be greater than the assumed maximum bending strain of 0.5%....
Riser-System Design in Water Depths Greater Than 3000 m
01 May 2016