Claudio Descalzi, SPE, was nominated as chief executive officer (CEO) at Eni for a second 3-year term by the Italian government. Descalzi has been Eni’s CEO since May 2014. He joined Eni in 1981 as an oil and gas field petroleum engineer and became project manager for the development of North Sea, Libya, Nigeria, and Congo. In 1990, he was appointed head of reservoir and operating activities for Italy. Descalzi then held several managerial positions at Eni, including managing director of Eni’s subsidiary in Congo; vice president and managing director of Nigerian Agip Oil Company, an Eni subsidiary; executive vice president for Africa, Middle East, and China; and executive vice president for Italy, Africa, and Middle East. In 2005, he was the deputy chief operating officer (COO) of the exploration and production (E&P) division of Eni and was the president of Assomineraria from 2006 to 2014. Descalzi was the COO of Eni’s E&P division during 2008–2014 and held the position of the chairman of Eni UK from 2010 to 2014. He was awarded the Charles F. Rand Memorial Gold Medal in 2012 by SPE and the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers for distinguished achievement in mining administration. Descalzi is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Oxford. In 2015, he was made a member of the Global Board of Advisors of the Council on Foreign Relations. Descalzi graduated in physics from the University of Milan.