Waterflooding Concepts, Design Prediction and Optimization

Reservoir Descriptions and Dynamics

Course Description

This course reviews the important characteristics of petroleum reservoirs and how injected fluids affect the success of waterfloods. Managing waterfloods is an optimization process. There are opportunities to improve well placements and completions to better manage voidage and replacement, as well as opportunities to use additives for extending the ultimate recovery. These and other possibilities should be addressed before and during the flood. Hands-on classroom exercises will focus on ways to troubleshoot problems related to the reservoir, wellbore, or surface facilities.

At the end of this course, participants should have learned shortcuts for predicting the effectiveness of waterfloods, chemical methods for enhancing the injected water displacement efficiency, and guidelines for well placements.


  • Various sources of data, measurement techniques, and monitoring tools
  • Case studies of successful and unsuccesful waterfloods

Learning Level


Course Length

1 Day

Why Attend

Waterflooding is one of the most basic techniques for secondary recovery, yet conducting an efficient and effective water flood requires a basic understanding of certain fundamentals, sometimes ignored by practitioners.

Who Attends

Reservoir engineers, geologists, production engineers, and asset managers who want to improve their understanding of waterflooding.


The SPE online bookstore has titles that cover the topic of waterflooding concepts, design prediction, and optimization. SPE members receive a discount on all purchases.


0.8 CEUs (Continuing Education Units) are awarded for this 1-day course.

Cancellation Policy

All cancellations must be received no later than 14 days prior to the course start date. Cancellations made after the 14 day window will not be refunded. Refunds will not be given due to no-show situations.

Training sessions attached to SPE conferences and workshops follow the cancellation policies stated on the event information page. Please check that page for specific cancellation information.

SPE reserves the right to cancel or re-schedule courses at will. Notification of changes will be made as quickly as possible; please keep this in mind when arranging travel, as SPE is not responsible for any fees charged for cancelling or changing travel arrangements.

We reserve the right to substitute course instructors as necessary.

Full regional cancellation policies can be found at the Cancellation Policy page within the SPE Training Course Catalog.



Iraj Ershaghi is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and is the Omar B. Milligan professor and director of the petroleum engineering program at the University of Southern California (USC). He also serves as the executive director of the Center for Smart Oilfield Technologies at USC and the executive director of UKC.

Prior to joining the faculty at USC in 1972, he worked for AGIP-SIRIP, Signal Oil and Gas Company and California State Lands Commission. His areas of research and publications are reservoir characterization, well testing, improved recovery processes, unconventional resources, and smart oilfield technologies.

Ershaghi is a recipient of numerous awards from SPE, including Honorary Membership, Legion of Honor, Distinguished Faculty, Distinguished Member, Western North America Distinguished Service, Technology Transfer Award for Development of the Smart Oilfield Technology Curriculum, and Western Regional North America Reservoir Description and Dynamics.

He served as an SPE Distinguished Lecturer during the 2006-2007 season. As a fellow of Institute for Advancement of Engineering, he received the Outstanding Educator Award of American Association for Advancement of Engineering. He is also the recipient of the outstanding Educator Award and the 2018 James E. Ballinger Engineer of the Year award from the Orange County Council of Engineers.

Ershaghi has served as a consultant with the U.S. department of the interior, department of justice, and many oil and gas companies in the U.S. and elsewhere. Ershaghi is a licensed professional engineer and is an SPE-certified engineer.

Additional Course Resources

This course has supplemental books located in our SPE Bookstore entitled Waterflooding and The Reservoir Engineering Aspects of Waterflooding, Second Edition. Please check out these valuable resources!