Monday, September 14
This course introduces a workflow and reviews methods for performing quantitative rate-transient analysis of fractured vertical and multi-fractured horizontal wells (MFHWs), produced from unconventional (low-permeability) gas and light oil reservoirs, including shales. State-of-the-art methods to account for unconventional reservoir complexities, such as multi-phase flow and stress-dependent permeability, are introduced, and their application is demonstrated using field examples. Techniques for analysis of both long-term (online) production and short-term (flowback) data are discussed.
This course covers the essential concepts and techniques applied in evaluating hydrocarbon storage and productivity potential in shale and tight reservoirs, with an emphasis on practical methods uncommon to conventional reservoir analysis. The limitations and advantages of the different techniques will be illustrated through examples compiled from actual evaluation studies in several different basins. The pace and content of the course is intended for those looking to gain a solid understanding of unconventional reservoir concepts who are already very familiar with reservoir evaluation techniques for conventional oil & gas reservoirs.
- Unconventional reservoir factors having the largest impact on well productivity and hydrocarbon storage
- Quality control analysis and applications for unconventional core test data
- Well spacing concepts and optimization
- Geochemical and electric log considerations
- Factors generating sweet spots
- Geologic factors impacting the success of frac treatments
Tubular structures in thermal applications are subject to unique design challenges that cannot be addressed with conventional methods. In conventional design, the structure “fails” when thermally induced loads yield the pipe, but thermal wells often must operate under such conditions and industry experience demonstrates that wells can do so reliably. Designing a structure that remains stable requires knowledge of strain-based design: the distinction between strength and stiffness, the effects of variability in strength and stiffness, load path dependencies, post-yield material behavior, and strain localization. Collateral considerations for resistance to environmental effects, geomechanical loads and production management can also challenge intuition developed in conventional well design. In this course, participants will learn to “think strain, not stress” for well structure design and gain exposure to other aspects of thermal well design.
This course provides an introduction to subsurface well design for thermally stimulated wells, including discussion of why design approaches for thermal wells must differ from conventional approaches. The concept of strain-based design will be explored, focusing first on the design needs for a successful thermal well design and second on raising awareness of other situations where casing loads can exceed yield (e.g. wells passing through unstable geology or producing from compacting reservoirs).
- Mechanical properties for thermal OCTG
- Casing and Liner design considerations
- Connections for thermal stimulation
- Considerations for environmental exposure
- Production management topics pertinent to liner design
This 1-day course is an introduction to Butler assumptions and mathematical principles and its limitations and also briefly discusses other studies which address steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) oil production and SOR evaluation. In this course there will be examples using Excel spreadsheets.
- SAGD Operation: The course starts with short definition of SAGD process and how different stage of it will be operated.
- SAGD Heat Transfer: Heat-transfer mechanisms are pivotal to the SAGD process. In this section different temperature models and their consideration with respect to conduction and convection are discussed:
- Butler Temperature Model
- Sharma Gates Convection Model
- Irani and Ghannadi Convection Model
- Butler Production Model: The derivation of oil production using Butler is discussed. Finally assumptions in “Original Butler model”, TANDRAIN and LINDRAIN models will be discussed and evaluated:
- Butler Plateau Model (i.e., “Original Butler model”, TANDRAIN and LINDRAIN)
- Butler Ramp-up Model
- Discussion on Steam Interface Velocity in “Original Butler model”, TANDRAIN and LINDRAIN models, and its comparison to field data.
- m exponent factor discussion
- SOR Discussion: Heat conservation concept and the basis of different SOR analytical models are presented:
- Reis SOR Model
- Edmunds and Peterson (2007)
- Miura and Wang (2012) Model
- At the end of this course, participants will be able to:
- Understanding heat transfer in SAGD operation.
- Understanding limitations of Butler and other analytical models.
- Assumptions made in SAGD analytical models.
- Optimizations made in forecasting models.
Shales and other low-permeability formations require multistage completions, hydraulic fracturing, and horizontal wells to produce at economic rates. This course focuses on the multistage completion systems that are used in these applications, including plug-and-perf, ball-activated systems (frac sleeves), and coiled tubing-activated systems (annular fracturing). Participants will learn the different types of multistage completion options and how they compare in different applications. They will also get an overview of low-permeability plays and learn the basics of hydraulic fracturing and refracturing.
- An overview of applications that require multistage hydraulic fracturing
- The basics of hydraulic fracturing and refracturing theory and design
- Evolution of multistage completions
- Wellbore completion options for multistage hydraulic fracturing
- Plug-and-perf completions
- Ball-activated completion systems (frac sleeves)
- Coiled-tubing-activated completions systems (annular fracturing)
- New multistage completion technologies
- Benefits and considerations for each completion system
- Application specific solutions for wellbore completion design
- Refracturing options for existing wells
Machine learning has been successfully used in various engineering disciplines. Nowadays, large amount of data related to reservoir properties, drilling, completion, and production is routinely collected in the upstream oil and gas operation, which can be further analyzed to optimize the field operations and improve the reservoir performance. This course starts with the basic Machine Learning concepts, application workflows and the supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms. The commonly used algorithms in both categories such as Clustering, Artificial Neural Networks, Decision Trees, Support Vector Machine will be presented, allowing participants to reach a clear understanding on their strengths. Specific examples will be discussed to demonstrate the application of each algorithm in the development of unconventional tight/shale reservoirs. The course is devoted to field applications of this technology with a focus on reservoir characterization, production analysis and prediction, and recovery enhancement.
- Introduction of Machine Learning concepts
- A typical workflow to design and develop a Machine Learning project
- Feature selection
- Supervised learning algorithms
- Unsupervised learning algorithms
- Machine learning applications in the reservoir characterization in tight/shale formations
- Machine learning applications in productivity prediction and recovery enhancement in tight/shale reservoirs
Upon completion of this course, participants are expected to have a good understanding of the characteristics of the machine learning approaches and be able to use them to identify potential application domains in the upstream oil and gas industry. They will acquire detailed knowledge of the popularly used machine learning algorithms and the workflow to employ these algorithms to solve petroleum engineering problems. Finally, they will see the demonstrations of different machine learning algorithms to reservoir characterization, production analysis, well productivity forcast, and recovery enhancement in tight/shale reservoirs.
Tuesday, September 15
Canadian Energy Research Institute (CERI)
Green Energy Advisor
Crescent Point Energy
Goldman Sachs & Co.
Polarized public perception has made initiating hydrocarbon development projects in Western Canada increasingly complex. The upstream industry must take a holistic view and improve investment performance in economic, safety, environmental, social, and governance considerations. Please join us for a discussion with diverse perspectives about how development of viscous and tight resources can adopt new ways of working to fit into the energy mix of the future. We will hear from a range of perspectives, including those from business leaders and innovators from outside and within the energy industry, from environmental commentators, from government, and from the financial sector.
David Langille, Shell Canada; Ali Esmail, Encana Corporation
Key development considerations in low viscosity or low permeability plays include: horizontal wells, fracturing or steam, multi-well pads, statistical distributions, pervasive issues with water, and a ruthless focus on costs. You will hear from leading operators in unconventional tight oil and heavy oil on how they have tackled subsurface delivery & infrastructure challenges and where they continue to face obstacles to profitable resource development.
Mark Anderson, Canadian Natural Resources Limited; Ron Sawatzky, Consultant; Amir Hossini, ConocoPhillips Canada
This session will recap some of the best presentations from the 2019 SPE Data Analytics Workshop highlighting the fast-changing data culture and presenting specific use cases in oilsands and unconventional projects.
- Under the Hood – Montney Integrated Analytics
- Lee Grant, Birchcliff Energy
- Statistical Methods for Production Allocation of Fluids from Petroleum Reservoirs
- Mathew Fay, Shell Canada
Kris Watson, NCS Multistage
Operators have elected to trial many types of completion optimization methods by equipment selection, downhole/surface diagnostics, and a variety of “mix and match” to improve understanding of resource recovery. This session will show novel enhancements in analytics and technology that pursue the solutions of the common business drivers; including fracture geometry control, frac and reservoir characterization, parent-child well interactions, risk mitigation, production performance, secondary/tertiary recovery and other similar properties.
- Field Trial of a Modified DFIT (Pump-in/Flowback) Designed to Accelerate Estimates of Closure Pressure, Reservoir Pressure and Well Productivity Index
- Chris Clarkson, University of Calgary
- Multi-Stage Post-Fracture Pressure Decline Analysis – A New Low-Cost Fracture Optimization Method
- Mike Sullivan, Chevron
- Agile Frac’ing – Applying Artificial Intelligence
- Dave Cook, Canadian Fracturing
Darcy Spady, Carbon Connect International; Silviu Livescu, Baker Hughes Canada
This panel will provide a high-level review of the current regulatory landscape in Canada as well as what is evolving globally. Discussion will be on how Canadian oil and gas producers and technology providers are managing their methane emissions in light of evolving regulations and financing requirements. They will discuss the best available technology types on the market today plus any ongoing research in cost-effective emissions leak detection technologies. From clean well-site design to large-scale technology testing, the panel will discuss how and why they are taking action on reducing their methane emissions.
Wednesday, September 16
Patrick Miller, PETRONAS Canada; Melanie Popp, geoLOGIC
We have compiled a panel of innovators that have worked inside their organizations to create new value-added workflows, tools and analytical insights. Learn how these creative geoscientists took a grassroots idea or a “side of the desk” project, engaged key stakeholders, and implemented change and delivered value throughout their organization and the industry.
Patrick Miller, PETRONAS Canada; David Langille, Shell Canada
This session imports to Canada some of the most exciting presentations on US shale plays from the Unconventional Resources Technology Conference (URTeC) and the Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference (HFTC).
Production Effects from Frac-Driven Interactions in the Southeastern Midland Basin, Reagan County, Texas
Bryan McDowell, Alan Yoelin, and Brad Pottebaum, Discovery Natural Resources
- Evaluating the Impact of Frac Communication Between Parent, Child, and Vertical Wells in the Midland Basin Lower Spraberry and Wolfcamp Reservoirs
- M.F. Rainbolt, Abra Controls Corporation; R. Scherz, Endeavor Energy Resources
Acoustic Imaging Of Perforation Erosion In Hydraulically Fractured Wells For Optimizing Cluster Efficiency
Stephen Robinson, DarkVision
Silviu Livescu, Baker Hughes Canada
Canada is a global leader in the field of CCUS, being home to three of the world’s leading CCSU projects: Shell’s fully integrated Quest project, Aquistore's project at the Boundary Dam, and the Alberta Carbon Trunk Line. However, the petroleum industry is under significant pressure to improve its environmental performance while investing in new technology development and maintaining economic competitiveness. This special session will include topics regarding the CCUS progress to date, present challenges, and requirements for a sustainable future.
- Negative Emissions + Positive Energy: How Canada’s Oil & Gas Industry Can Reverse Climate Change
- Steven Bryant, University of Calgary
- The Quest CCS Operation-The Road to 5 Million Tonnes
- Sarah Kassam, Shell Canada
- The Alberta Carbon Trunk Line As An Enabler To EOR
- Jeff Pearson, Wolf Midstream
Rick Stahl, Cona Resources; Michelle Wolanski, Suncor Energy
The aim of this panel is to increase awareness in the oil and gas industry about nuclear energy and the potential opportunities and challenges of deploying nuclear energy within the oil and gas industry. Some key topics and questions this session will cover are:
- What is the perception of nuclear energy?
- What are the potential synergies/opportunities for application of nuclear to enhance the O&G industry and assist with reducing GHG’s?
- How much nuclear waste is generated and how is it managed?
- What technological developments have been made, such as smaller fit for purpose and modular designs, and how do these compare to the old conventional nuclear power plants everyone is afraid of?
- How is nuclear energy regulated? What safety and emergency protocols and checks are in place to ensure the highest standards of equipment, maintenance, knowledge/training, release prevention, emergency preparedness etc.
Sahar Ghannadi, University of Calgary; Caralyn Bennett, GLJ Petroleum Consultants
To meet the evolving values of society and stay competitive, the energy industry must continue to innovate and adapt its technology towards sustainability. Start-up companies are particularly well-positioned to create agile, entrepreneurial solutions that will help facilitate the transformation of our industry. Unfortunately however, it is commonly known that most small businesses start and fail within only a couple of years. This panel will discuss the various hurdles that these businesses experience, and moreover, the solutions that can be provided through government funding, investment consortiums, venture capital, and collaboration with larger corporations that are eager to tap into innovation.
The flow of this session will begin with 3-4 presentations for the first 90-minutes, followed by a coffee break, and will finish with a discussion between 3-4 panelists.
- Sameet Wasson, SR & ED, Canada Revenue Agency
- Arvinder Kainth, SR & ED, National Research Council Canada
- Angelo Nwigwe, Mitacs
- Michael Kerr, Alberta Innovates
Rebecca Greenan, President and COO, Hawkiiii; Lorraine Becker, Cleantech Capital Strategist, EnerNext Partners; Rick Tofani, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology