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Security

South Sudan Rebels Say They Have Seized Oil Hub Bentiu, Tell Foreign Firms To Go

Source: Reuters | 16 April 2014

South Sudanese rebels said on 15 April that they have seized the capital of oil-producing Unity state, Bentiu, and warned oil firms to pack up and leave within a week.

Thousands of people have been killed and more than 1 million displaced since fighting erupted in South Sudan in the middle of December, triggered by a power struggle between President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar.

“The recapturing of Bentiu marks the first phase of liberation of oil fields from (the) antidemocratic and genocidal forces of Kiir,” rebel spokesman Lul Ruai Koang said in a statement.

Urging all oil firms operating in government-held areas to shut their operations and evacuate their staff within a week, he said, “Failure to comply with this request, the oil companies risk forced oil shutdown and the safety of their staff.”

 

Energy Companies Need Insurance Cover for Cyberattack “Time Bomb”

Source: Reuters | 9 April 2014

Energy companies have no insurance against major cyberattacks, reinsurance broker Willis said on 8 April, likening the threat to a “time bomb” that could cost the industry billions of dollars.

Willis highlighted the industry’s vulnerability to cyberthreats in its annual review of the energy sector’s insurance market, which called on insurers to find a way to provide cover.

“A major energy catastrophe—on the same scale as … Exxon Valdez or Deepwater Horizon—could be caused by a cyberattack, and, crucially, that cover for such a loss is generally not currently provided by the energy insurance market,” the insurance broker said.

Most insurance products currently available will cover minor things such as data losses or downtime caused by IT issues, but not major events like explosions at multiple facilities triggered remotely by hackers, Willis said.

BP Shelves Onshore Exploration in Libya as Instability Grows

Source: Reuters | 11 March 2014

Oil and gas major BP said it had mothballed plans to explore in Libya’s Ghadames basin because of security concerns, the latest in a series of companies to rethink their projects amid growing instability.

Three years of turmoil since the Arab Spring and tough contract terms have prompted oil firms to reassess their role in Libya, and several have said they would postpone their plans or scrap them altogether.

BP’s exploration and production sharing agreement with Libya covers onshore acreage in Ghadames, near the border between Libya, Algeria, and Tunisia, and offshore acreage in the central Sirte basin.

“With respect to the onshore exploration drilling program, a security review in June concluded that this could not be safely and securely delivered by BP at this time. Alternative approaches are being considered,” BP said in its annual report.

Shell Nigeria Closes Major Pipeline, Cites Theft

Source: Fuel Fix | 28 February 2014

Shell Nigeria said on 27 February that it has closed a 6,000-km oil pipeline to repair leaks from oil theft.

Shell recently threatened to close the Nembe Creek Trunk Line because of repeated sabotage. It carries about 150,000 B/D for Africa’s biggest oil producer. Shell did not say how much oil has been lost through the leaks or how the closure may affect Nigeria’s daily output of 2.2 million B/D.

Column: The Shale Factor in US National Security

Source: Reuters | 11 February 2014

The boom in domestic shale oil and gas production has increased US prosperity and economic competitiveness. But the potential for this to enhance our national security remains largely unrealized.

The shale surge has boosted production by 50% for oil and 20% for gas over the last 5 years. Yet our political leaders are only just beginning to explore how it can help further national strategic interests.

We led a major study at the Center for a New American Security in the last year, bringing together a nonpartisan panel to examine national security implications of the unconventional energy boom. We decided that outdated idealization of “energy independence” is preventing the administration and Congress from focusing on current energy vulnerabilities and figuring out how Washington should secure our economic and security interests.

Though the United States now imports less oil than it has for more than a dozen years, we should not distance ourselves from international oil markets by pursuing full energy self-sufficiency. The best way to advance energy security is to remain engaged internationally with major energy players.

 

Iraq Says Syria War Spillover Hinders Oilfields, Pipelines

Source: Rigzone | 28 January 2014

Spillover attacks from the civil war in Syria have hindered development of Iraq’s gas and oil reserves and a major pipeline to the Mediterranean has been blown up dozens of times, Iraq’s top energy official said on 28 January.

Violence in Iraq climbed back to its highest level in five years in 2013, with nearly 9,000 people killed, most of them civilians, according to the United Nations.

“The ongoing conflict in Syria has resulted in an increasing number of terrorists using vast desert areas between Syria and Iraq to establish bases from which they have carried out attacks against the civilian population and economic targets and infrastructure,” Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani said.

“Attacking the energy sector has been among their top priorities to deprive the country of its main revenue source,” he said at an energy conference in London. “The attacks have been focussed on oil export pipelines, power generation, and transmission lines.”

Libyan Militia Threatens To Cut Gas Deliveries

Source: Rigzone | 30 December 2013

A Libyan militia that shut down most of the country’s oil terminals for months threatened on 29 December to cut off natural gas deliveries to the capital, potentially imperiling the power supply in a serious escalation of its standoff with the central government.

A spokesman for a militia in the country’s east, who did not identify himself, said in a recorded statement aired on local television stations that the government has 48 hours to resume paying salaries to the group, which was originally in charge of securing oil and gas facilities in the country’s east.

Industry Optimism, Spending Rise on Cybersecurity Preparation

Source: Rigzone | 18 December 2013

Oil and gas companies have increased spending and are more confident of their cybersecurity measures, but the number and impact of cyberattacks continues to grow as industry’s measures fail to keep pace with increasingly sophisticated attacks, according to PwC’s 16th annual report “The Global State of information Security 2014.”

Seventy-nine percent of the 107 oil and gas industry respondents who participated in the survey expressed confidence over the effectiveness of their security activities, up from 78 percent in 2012. However, they reported that their confidence in the security programs of partners and suppliers decreased from 2012 to 2013, with confidence declining from 75 to 68 percent.

Libya’s Oil Security Force Expects Eastern Ports To Reopen 15 December

Source: Rigzone | 12 December 2013

Libya’s oil security force expects an eastern autonomy movement to reopen seized export ports this weekend as promised, the force’s commander said on 11 December.

On 10 December, leaders of a tribal autonomy movement blocking three ports that had exported around 600,000 BOPD said they would end the stoppage on 15 December if the government agreed to give the east a share of the oil.

Such seizures have slashed Libya’s oil output to 250,000 B/D, from 1.4 million B/D in July, and added to chaos in the north African country 2 years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.

Energy Industry Is on Alert Against Increasing Cyberattacks

Source: Field Fisher Waterhouse via Mondaq | 6 December 2013

Governments the world over have been ramping up their digital agendas in recent months, each seeking to instill the importance of cybersecurity on citizens and businesses alike. Attempts are being made to raise cybersecurity awareness, and essentially the message is that organizations must understand their networks, systems, and data and must take a proportionate, risk-based approach to keeping them secure. Resilient networks and systems must be in place.

Energy Companies Are Stingy on Cyber Intelligence

Source: Fuel Fix | 13 November 2013

Oil and gas companies continue to be at a disadvantage when facing cyberattacks because they are not sharing information about incidents, experts said on 12 November at the American Petroleum Institute Cybersecurity Conference & Expo in Houston.

Although a few trusted professionals at oil and gas companies know each other and share information about attacks, communication has been limited and the need for more is extremely high, speakers said.

“We all talk about how we need to share information, but we’re not doing it. Why?” said Stuart Wagner, director of information technology security at pipeline giant Enterprise Products Partners. “It’s something everybody thinks is a great idea, but it’s not out there.”

Wagner said President Barack Obama’s cybersecurity executive order issued earlier this year helped set the framework for companies to share information about cyberattacks. A handful of security professionals are working to develop a group that will perform the kind of sharing envisioned by the executive order, Wagner said.

Management: Stark Realities of Managing Cybersecurity Risk

Source: JPT | 12 November 2013

Worldwide, the cybersecurity threat is real and growing. The oil and gas industry’s technological critical infrastructure has been especially hard-hit, absorbing 40% of all cyber attacks globally. Yet the realities are not resonating effectively with industry executives because many companies have yet to put comprehensive protection plans into action.

This issue is potentially so devastating that it figuratively shouts for a short course about the chances that companies are taking, what vendors and purported experts are advocating, the grave risks, the unvarnished truth about hackers and company vulnerabilities, and how waiting for disaster is a dead-end choice.

Largely because of its worldwide exploration and production scope and the vast population dependent on energy, oilfield companies cannot simply blend in with the landscape and become unrecognizable as a major cyber target. For example, Telvent, which makes a control system for smart grid networks, was recently hacked. Project files for its supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system were accessed and malware was installed on its network in the attack.

Other attacks have occurred against Saudi Aramco, which required 10 days to get its network back online after a Shamoon Wiper malware cyber attack disabled more than 30,000 workstations in a supposedly politically directed action by a group of hackers called the Cutting Sword of Justice. In a costly move only possible with a sovereign nation, the company sequestered its entire network while determining the cause of attack and fully restoring service. Meanwhile, the Chinese military has been accused of attempts to hack all types of industries, with a particular focus on oil and gas, according to the Mandiant Intelligence Center Report.