The Grand Challenge of Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Even with the wealth of experience already in place within the oil and gas industry, the obstacles to advancing CCS to the forefront of greenhouse gas mitigation technologies remain significant.
Case Study: Design of Injection Facilities for CO2 Recovery
A pilot project demonstrates that facilities design plays an important role in providing sources of CO2 for the gas-handling process for injection into a carbonate formation as a tertiary recovery mechanism.
The Effect of CO2 Injection on Corrosion and Integrity of Facilities
The paper discusses the main factors affecting CO2 corrosion, provides an assessment of what to look for in major equipment, and details recommended material of construction and corrosion mitigation/control methods.
Galvanizing Stakeholder Support for Carbon Capture and Storage
Collaboration is critical to achieving recognition of the scope and value of carbon capture and storage and achieving acceptance for specific projects.
Combining Gas-to-Wire Technology With Carbon Capture and Storage
Natural gas, coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS), could provide cheap and reliable energy in the long term and mitigate climate change. Gas-to-wire (GTW) generates electricity from natural gas at or near the field. This study applies an integrated GTW/CCS scheme to a gas-production field.
Surface-Facilities Design for First CO2 EOR Project in Saudi Arabia
A demonstration project of carbon capture, utilization, and storage through enhanced oil recovery was conducted in Saudi Arabia. Surface facilities for such projects are expensive to build and involve tradeoffs in options based on economics for a given set of conditions.
Moving Away From Our “Eiffel Tower” Approach to Offshore Processing Equipment
We don’t include a structure like the Eiffel Tower with separators, pumps, and compressors on the top observation platform in an onshore development plan. And yet, how many jacket platforms are there around the world?
High-Voltage Subsea Pump Enables Low-Cost Boosting
Subsea pumps are used for gas/liquid separation, subsea compression, and subsea boosting. Solutions aiming at cost reductions are crucial to make subsea processing projects feasible. A cost- and complexity-reduction solution for the subsea electrical power supply is a critical consideration.
Selecting the Right Subsea Pump for Your Application
Operator or manufacturer’s reports and published papers are reviewed and a criterion is developed for subsea pump selection.
Subsea High-Boosting Multiphase Pumps Increase Oil Recovery in Aging Field (Includes presentation slides)
Production from an offshore Angola field has been decreasing because of subsea pressure declines amid water-cut increases and limited gas compressor capacity. The development process leading to the selection of high-boosting multiphase pumps is described.
Executing Offshore Projects More Efficiently
Offshore project execution enhancement ideas are highlighted for debottlenecking, gas-hydrate-induced pipeline vibration, and the design of subsea systems for efficient startup.
Produced-Water Debottlenecking Improves Offshore Production
An operator in the western Gulf of Thailand retrofit two partial-processing water-management systems on mobile-offshore-production-unit platforms for bulk removal and treatment of produced water. Water debottlenecking increased oil production by 80% and reduced the infield transfer volume by 62%. Th
Designing Subsea Systems for Efficient Startup To Mitigate Topside Downtime
The workflow aims to reduce the startup time of a subsea production system (SPS). A dynamic integrated model is used to adjust the scheduled SPS startup time. The model evaluates the dynamic simulation response of a large field startup by integrating a reservoir- and gathering-network model.
Hydrate-Induced Vibration in an Offshore Pipeline
A computational fluid dynamics model is proposed to analyze the effect of hydrate flow in pipelines using multiphase-flow-modeling techniques. The results will identify the cause of pipeline failure, regions of maximum stress in the pipeline, and plastic deformation of the pipeline.
Social Performance Indicators Evolve in Update to Sustainability Reporting Guide
The Oil & Gas Industry Guidance on Voluntary Sustainability Reporting acts as a framework for improving the quality and consistency of voluntary sustainability reporting. This paper discusses the most recent update to the guide, and offers an overview of the discussed social performance indicators.
Selected Papers From OnePetro: Your Source for E&P Technical Knowledge
With these synopses of technical papers from OnePetro you can join the author for conferences in Kuala Lumpur, New Orleans, and Lagos, all while sitting in your chairs and without any travel expenses.
Improving Gas Dehydration With Preinhibited Glycol
The paper discusses dehydration performance of two units in two plants—with preinhibited glycol/antifoam/pH adjuster blend vs. neat glycol with periodic injection of antifoam and pH-adjuster inhibitors. The insights present an opportunity for significant operating and capital costs reduction.
Localized Pitting Corrosion of Superduplex Stainless Steel in a Seawater Application
During the dismantling and removal of fire-water-pump columns of superduplex stainless steel barely 1 year after plant startup in a redeveloped brownfield offshore Nigeria severe localized pitting corrosion was observed in the columns. This paper explores the findings and identifies the reasons.
Getting Ahead of the Curve—Front-End Loading HSE in Major Projects
A proactive approach with EPC contract bidders to front-end load HSE strategies will pay dividends. This paper discusses the HSE management strategy for the Lake Charles Liquefied Natural Gas project.
Collaborative Tool Helps Companies Plan Decommissioning, Share Lessons Learned
Decom North Sea has developed the Late Life Planning Portal system, a web-based information portal, to capture tools that add value as well as good practices and lessons learned from the execution of decommissioning projects.
Integrating Decision Support Models With Value Attributes for Platform Decommissioning
Using decision analysis as a software tool helps to clarify and evaluate decommissioning alternatives against a comprehensive set of objectives, including both market and nonmarket values.
Planning and Estimating Costs for Field Decommissioning in Brazil
This paper aims to develop a Brazilian baseline for front-end planning and cost estimation of the decommissioning, removal, and disposal options.
Decommissioning To Become Big Business
Whether you are involved in the design and construction of new facilities or the decommissioning of existing facilities, having a solid understanding of decom makes a lot of sense. Are you ready as all around the world offshore facilities have reached, or are reaching, the end of their design life?
Arctic Pipeline Route Selection
To reduce the risks to arctic pipelines from natural or geologic hazards, a more sophisticated approach to routing compared to traditional methods based on only the shortest length of pipe or connectivity to existing infrastructure is needed.
Concept for Ice-Resistant Offshore Terminal for Arctic LNG Export
Cost and delivery of long-distance natural gas pipelines to a distant liquefaction facility at a warm-water port has become excessive, and environmental restraints have been increasing. An alternative is an offshore ice-resistant LNG port accommodating a new class of LNG transport vessels.
Design Tools for Arctic Subsea Pipelines
As the design methodologies evolve for arctic pipelines, strudel scour, permafrost thaw settlement, and ice gouging need to be factored in with environmental and geotechnical data, limit states, and trenching and backfilling activities.
Taking on the Arctic With New Concepts
New approaches to arctic activities include a concept for an offshore ice-resistant LNG export terminal, the design of subsea pipelines, and the optimal routing for the pipelines to mitigate the unique risks in arctic regions such as ice-gouging and permafrost thaw.
Compact, Efficient Heat Exchanger Based on Packed Beds of Nanoparticle-Doped Spheres
In this work, the authors demonstrate at a laboratory scale the possibility of using a radio-frequency heating system as a heat exchanger.
Nanotechnology for Oilfield Applications: Challenges and Effects
This paper presents a critical review of the recent literature to determine the status of research and development and field application of nanotechnology in the oil field.
Oil-Droplet Removal From Produced Water by Use of Nanoparticles
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is a promising way to remove dispersed oil from produced water. In this study, the authors investigated the optimal operating conditions for MNPs and the mechanisms of MNP/oil attachments and magnetic separation.
Nanotechnology Advances in the Oil Field
As practitioners we don’t always convey that the oil and gas industry is at the forefront of many different technologies, but we should, if only because it can be a real selling point to attract young people to our industry. In that spirit, I selected three papers that deal with nanotechnology.
Four Generations of Fire- and Blast-Resistant Walls on Offshore Installations
Four types of fire- and blast-resistant walls for offshore installations are assessed, including internal vs. external fire and blast walls.
Fire Protection on Offshore Platforms
Whenever we design an oil and gas facility, the safety of the operating staff is of paramount importance. At last year’s Offshore Technology Conference, three papers presented information on a critical safety feature: fire protection on offshore installations.
Passive-Fire-Protection Optimization in Offshore Topside Structures
Applying sufficient passive fire protection (PFP) on topside structural-steel members is critical. Simplified and conservative approaches are available to estimate the extent and amount of PFP necessary.
Three-Sided Passive Fire Protection on Steel-Beam Decks for Offshore Installations
This study presents an overview of the structural response and failure mechanism of three-sided protected beams and proposes design solutions.
Corrosion and Scaling
In this first selection are papers dealing with scaling and corrosion, topics that affect all of us involved with oil and gas facilities. Early in my career I worked in corrosion, only to discover that without keeping scaling and corrosion in mind, it is impossible to be a good facilities engineer.
The Importance of Inhibitor Analysis in Scale Management—An Overview
The accurate and precise analysis of scale inhibitors—in conjunction with other field data such as ion analysis, total suspended solids, and productivity index—plays an important role in making decisions about the efficiency of scale squeeze and continuous chemical injection treatments.
Use of Preservation Chemicals Following Hydrostatic Testing of Pipelines
This paper considers some of the challenges and learnings associated with the application of chemicals for preservation of coated pipe/flowline for a major liquefied-natural-gas (LNG) project in Australia.
Oilfield-Corrosion-Failure Analysis: Lessons Learned From Pitting Morphologies
Identifying the type of corrosion is the first step in the analysis and prevention of corrosion-related failures. Visual inspection of the pit morphology can provide insights into the type of corrosion that is occurring.
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